41st Academy Awards
|41st Academy Awards|
|Date||Monday, April 14, 1969|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles|
|Most awards||Oliver! (6)|
|Most nominations||Oliver! (11)|
|TV in the United States|
The 41st Academy Awards were presented on April 14, 1969 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles. It was the first Academy Awards ceremony broadcast worldwide and the first ceremony at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion. For the first time since the 11th Academy Awards, there was no host.
Oliver! became the first—and so far, the only—G-rated film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. By contrast, the following year would see the only X-rated film to win Best Picture, Midnight Cowboy. Oliver! would also be the last British film to win Best Picture until Chariots of Fire in 1982 and the last movie musical to win until Chicago in 2003 (though others have been nominated: Hello, Dolly!, Fiddler on the Roof, Cabaret, All That Jazz, Beauty and the Beast, and Moulin Rouge!).
As the special effects director and designer for 2001: A Space Odyssey, Stanley Kubrick was the recipient of the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects this year. It was the only Oscar he would ever win. Of all the films nominated for an Oscar this year, only 2001 would show up 30 years later on the American Film Institute list of the greatest American films of the 20th Century, and Oliver! was the only Best Picture-nominated film this year to be nominated for the same list.
The year was notable for the first—and so far, only—tie for Best Actress (or any female acting category). Katharine Hepburn in The Lion in Winter and Barbra Streisand in Funny Girl shared the award. Hepburn also became the second actress and third performer overall to win an acting Oscar two years in a row, after Luise Rainer in 1936 (The Great Ziegfeld) and 1937 (The Good Earth), and Spencer Tracy in 1937 (Captains Courageous) and 1938 (Boys Town). The previous year, Hepburn had won Best Actress for Guess Who's Coming to Dinner.
Cliff Robertson's performance in Charly was met with a generally mixed reception from critics and audiences. When he won the Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, it engendered some controversy: less than two weeks after the ceremony, TIME mentioned the Academy's generalized concerns over "excessive and vulgar solicitation of votes" and said "many members agreed that Robertson's award was based more on promotion than on performance."
At the ceremony, Young Americans was announced as the Documentary Feature winner. On May 7, 1969, the film was disqualified because it had played in October 1967, thus making it ineligible for a 1968 award. Journey Into Self, the first runner-up, was awarded the Oscar on May 8, 1969.
Controversy was created on Oscar night when Johnny Carson and Buddy Hackett announced in a sketch on the evening's Tonight Show, which was recorded three hours before the awards ceremony, that Oliver! would be the winner for Best Picture and that Jack Albertson would win for Best Supporting Actor. Columnist Frances Drake claimed that most observers believed Carson and Hackett "were playing a huge practical joke or happened to make a lucky guess." As Carson recalled it on the air years later, it created a huge controversy and people at Price Waterhouse were fired. Referring to it as "The Great Carson Hoax," PricewaterhouseCoopers stated in a 2004 press release that it was "later proven that Carson and Hackett made a few lucky guesses for their routine, dispelling rumors of a security breach and keeping the integrity of the balloting process intact." The Academy later hired Carson five times to host the ceremony.
Multiple nominations and awards
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
- Ingrid Bergman (Presenter: Best Actress and Best Cinematography)
- Ingrid Bergman, Diahann Carroll, Jane Fonda, Rosalind Russell, and Natalie Wood (Presenters: Best Director)
- Diahann Carroll (Presenter: Best Visual Effects, Documentary Awards & Honorary Award to Onna White)
- Tony Curtis (Presenter: Best Supporting Actress, Short Subjects Awards, Documentary Awards)
- Jane Fonda (Presenter: Best Foreign Language Film, Best Costume Design, Short Subjects Awards)
- Bob Hope (Presenter: Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Martha Raye)
- Burt Lancaster (Presenter: Best Actor, Best Visual Effects, Scientific and Technical Awards)
- Mark Lester (Presenter: Honorary Academy Award to Onna White)
- Henry Mancini and Marni Nixon (Presenter: Best Original or Adaptation Score)
- Walter Matthau (Presenter: Best Film Editing and Honorary Award to John Chambers)
- Pink Panther (Co-Presenter: Best Cartoon)
- Sidney Poitier (Presenter: Best Picture)
- Rosalind Russell (Presenter: Best Original Score, Best Sound, and Writing Awards)
- Frank Sinatra (Presenter: Best Supporting Actor, Best Original Song, and Writing Awards)
- Natalie Wood (Presenter: Best Art Direction-Set Decoration, and Scientific-Technical Awards)
- José Feliciano ("The Windmills of Your Mind" from The Thomas Crown Affair)
- Aretha Franklin ("Funny Girl" from Funny Girl)
- Abbey Lincoln ("For the Love of Ivy" from For Love of Ivy)
- Sidney Poitier, Ingrid Bergman, Paula Kelly, Burt Lancaster, and the UCLA Band ("Chitty Chitty Bang Bang" from Chitty Chitty Bang Bang)
- Frank Sinatra ("Star!" from Star!)
- "Pushing the Oscar envelope, The Academy Awards broadcast has not always been as tame as in recent years. Here's a look back at some weird and wacky moments in Hollywood's biggest night". Newsday. 2005-02-20.
- 26th Golden Globe Awards
- 1968 in film
- 11th Grammy Awards
- 20th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 21st Primetime Emmy Awards
- 22nd British Academy Film Awards
- 23rd Tony Awards
- Internet Movie Database. "Awards for Stanley Kubrick". Retrieved 2009-09-06.
- "The Trade: Grand Illusion". TIME. April 25, 1969. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- Galveston Daily News, April 21, 1969, p.7, http://www.newspapers.com/newspage/23009298/
- The Official Acadademy Awards® Database
- "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
- Jim Fanning. "All Facts, No Fluff And Stuff". Retrieved 2012-01-21.