Troutdale, Oregon

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For the town in Virginia, see Troutdale, Virginia.
Troutdale
City
Troutdale, Oregon
Downtown Troutdale
Downtown Troutdale
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°31′46″N 122°23′30″W / 45.52944°N 122.39167°W / 45.52944; -122.39167Coordinates: 45°31′46″N 122°23′30″W / 45.52944°N 122.39167°W / 45.52944; -122.39167
Country United States
State Oregon
County Multnomah
Incorporated 1907
Government
 • Mayor Doug Daoust
Area[1]
 • Total 6.02 sq mi (15.59 km2)
 • Land 5.94 sq mi (15.38 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation 30–200 ft (9.1–61.0 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 15,962
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 16,487
 • Density 2,687.2/sq mi (1,037.5/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97060
Area code(s) 503
FIPS code 41-74850[4]
GNIS feature ID 1128248[5]
Website www.ci.troutdale.or.us

Troutdale is a city in Multnomah County, Oregon, north of Gresham and east of Wood Village. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 15,962.[6]

The city serves as the western gateway to the Historic Columbia River Highway, the Mount Hood Scenic Byway, and the Columbia River Gorge.

History[edit]

The community was once known as Sandy, after the nearby Sandy River; Sandy post office was established in 1854 and closed in 1868.[7] In 1873, the current city of Sandy in Clackamas County, which formerly named "Revenue", established a different Sandy post office that is still in operation.[7] Troutdale was named by pioneer John Harlow for the trout pond in a dale near his house.[7] Troutdale post office was founded in 1880.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.02 square miles (15.59 km2), of which, 5.94 square miles (15.38 km2) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) is water.[1]

Troutdale is located at the confluence of the Sandy and Columbia rivers.

The city is about 12 miles (19 km) east of Portland.[8]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Troutdale has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 309
1920 191 −38.2%
1930 227 18.8%
1940 211 −7.0%
1950 514 143.6%
1960 522 1.6%
1970 1,661 218.2%
1980 5,831 251.1%
1990 7,852 34.7%
2000 13,777 75.5%
2010 15,962 15.9%
Est. 2013 16,487 3.3%
Sources:[10] [11][12][13][4][3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 15,962 people, 5,671 households, and 4,208 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,687.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,037.5/km2). There were 5,907 housing units at an average density of 994.4 per square mile (383.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.6% White, 2.1% African American, 1.0% Native American, 4.6% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 4.2% from other races, and 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.6% of the population.

There were 5,671 households of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.8% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.20.

The median age in the city was 34 years. 27.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 7.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 13,777 people, 4,671 households, and 3,690 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,761.1 people per square mile (1,066.0/km2). There were 4,865 housing units at an average density of 975.0 per square mile (376.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.54% White, 4.14% Asian, 1.90% African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 1.71% from other races, and 3.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.62% of the population.

There were 4,671 households out of which 44.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.6% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.0% were non-families. 13.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.1% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 4.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $56,593, and the median income for a family was $62,203. Males had a median income of $41,808 versus $30,989 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,778. About 3.3% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Reynolds Aluminum was once the area's biggest employer.[14] The Reynolds plant in Troutdale was established in 1941 to provide aluminum for the war effort.[14] The plant closed in 2000.[14] The nearby city of Wood Village was a company town founded to house workers from the Reynolds plant.[14]

Tourism[edit]

Troutdale is the home of one of the most notable locations of the local McMenamins brewpub and hotel chain, the 38-acre (154,000 m2) Edgefield, which was formerly the Multnomah County Poor Farm. The site has a hotel and a variety of restaurants, bars, and entertainment venues. Edgefield is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

Other buildings on the NRHP in Troutdale include the Fred Harlow House, and the Troutdale Methodist Episcopal Church

Education[edit]

Troutdale is served by the Reynolds School District. Reynolds High School, Walt Morey Middle School, and Sweetbriar and Troutdale elementary schools are located in the city.

Open Door Christian Academy is a private school.

Transportation[edit]

Rail

Electric interurban service connecting Troutdale with Gresham began in 1907, operated by the Portland Railway, Light and Power Company and connecting in Gresham with interurban service through to Portland.[15] The line was abandoned in 1927.[15][16]

Bus

From at least the 1940s[17] through the 1960s, bus transit service connecting Troutdale with Gresham and Portland was provided by a private company named Portland Stages, Inc.[18] This service was taken over by TriMet, a then-new public agency, in 1970, and TriMet continues to provide transit service in Troutdale today.

Air

The Troutdale Airport serves as a base for scenic aerial tours of the Columbia River Gorge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-26. 
  4. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census profiles: Oregon cities alphabetically T-Y" (PDF). Portland State University Population Research Center. Retrieved 13 June 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. pp. 846, 970. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956. 
  8. ^ Ford, Dana. "Fatal Oregon high school shooting: 'This is not a drill'." CNN. June 11, 2014. Retrieved on June 11, 2014.
  9. ^ Climate Summary for Troutdale, Oregon
  10. ^ "Population-Oregon". U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Population-Oregon". 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c d Mayer, James (April 19, 2012). "Aluminum Plant Gone, but Memories Remain". The Oregonian. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b Labbe, John T. (1980). Fares, Please! Those Portland Trolley Years. Caldwell, Idaho (US): Caxton. ISBN 0-87004-287-4.
  16. ^ Thompson, Richard (2008). Willamette Valley Railways, p. 9. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-5601-7.
  17. ^ "Stage Fares To Increase" (August 6, 1947). The Oregonian, p. 9.
  18. ^ "Morgan [state public utility commissioner] Grants Bus Fare Hike". (September 17, 1958). The Oregonian, p. 1.

External links[edit]