Tunstall, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates: 53°46′04″N 0°01′15″W / 53.767678°N 0.020961°W / 53.767678; -0.020961

Tunstall
All Saints Parish Church, Tunstall - geograph.org.uk - 45860.jpg
Tunstall Village : All Saint's Church, Manor Farm, and Manor Farm barn outbuilding
Tunstall is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Tunstall
Tunstall
 Tunstall shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
OS grid reference TA305319
    - London 155 mi (249 km)  S
Civil parish Roos
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HULL
Postcode district HU12
Dialling code 01964
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Beverley and Holderness
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Tunstall is a village in Holderness, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England, close to the North Sea coast.

Geography[edit]

Cliffs and beach at Tunstall beach

Tunstall village is located in the civil parish of Roos in Holderness, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It is situated approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) north-west of the town of Withernsea, and less than 0.6 miles (1 km) from the North Sea coast, at a height of 10 to 15 m (33 to 49 ft) above sea level, and close to the Greenwich Meridian.[1]

The coast at Tunstall is eroding at an average rate of 1.1 to 2 m (3 ft 7 in to 6 ft 7 in) a year.[2]

To the south-east of Tunstall is a 126 acres (0.51 km2), 550 pitch caravan holiday park, Sand le Mere Holiday Village.[3][4]

History[edit]

Tunstall was recorded in the Domesday Book as Tunestal, within the manor of Withernsea.[5] The church of All Saints was constructed in the 13th and 14th centuries, primarily of cobbles with stone dressings; a tower was added in the 15th century.[6]

A number buildings in the village date to the early 18th century, including the cobble built 'Town Farmhouse', 'Manor Farmhouse' and nearby barn; the brick built 'Hall Farmhouse' was constructed in the later 18th century,[7] An enclosure act for the land around the village was passed in 1777.[8] The 'Kings Arms' public house dates to at least the 1850s.[9]

In 1823 inhabitants in the village numbered 163. Occupations included eight farmers, two shopkeepers, a tailor, a corn factor, and the landlady of the Cock public house. A carrier operated between the village and Hull on Tuesdays. Tunstall was close to the coastal 'Sand le Mar', an area frequented by neighbouring village inhabitants collecting sand and pebbles for the repair of roads.[10]

During the anti-invasion preparations of the Second World War a number of fortifications were constructed near Tunstall, including: a minefield north of the village, a weapons pit, several coastal pillboxes,[11] and tank traps.[12]

After the end of the Second World War one of the pillbox structures was re-used as a nuclear explosion monitoring post (Royal Observer Corps Monitoring Post) during the Cold War period.[13]

The Greenwich meridian was marked by a re-sited trig point in 1999, the marker fell into the sea in 2003 as a result of coastal erosion.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey, 1:25000, 2007
  2. ^ "Erosion & Flooding in the Parish of Roos". www.hull.ac.uk. East Riding of Yorkshire Council data sets, posts 71–79. Retrieved 2 February 2013. . Figures from 1950 to early 2000s.
  3. ^ "We'll tow our caravan park to the top!: New owners have plans for seaside site". This is Hull and East Riding. 15 October 2010. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "About Sand le Mere Holiday Village, East Yorkshire". www.sand-le-mere.co.uk. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  5. ^ Tunstall in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  6. ^ English Heritage. "Church of All Saints (1216255)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 December 2012. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ "Tunstall Enclosure Bill". Journals of the House of Lords 35. 17 March 1777. pp. 89, 17 Geo. III. 
  9. ^ The Kings Arms (1545854). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  10. ^ Baines, Edward (1823), History, Directory & Gazetteer of the County of York, p. 396, ISBN 1230139141 
  11. ^
  12. ^ Stacey, Andrew. "Holderness : Tunstall". Retrieved 27 September 2012. 
  13. ^ Monument No. 932200. PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 January 2013., built on top of a Second World War lozenge shaped pillbox, see Monument No. 917371. PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  14. ^ Dolan, Graham. "The Greenwich Meridian : Tunstal". www.thegreenwichmeridian.org. Retrieved 9 November 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Gazetteer – A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 11. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Tunstall at Wikimedia Commons