A view of Bridlington
Arms of Bridlington Town Council
Bridlington shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
|Population||35,369 (2011 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Unitary authority||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Ceremonial county||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|UK Parliament||East Yorkshire|
Bridlington is a seaside resort in the bay south of and sheltered by Flamborough Head. It is a minor sea fishing port and civil parish on the Holderness Coast of the North Sea, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. It has a static population of over 34,000, which rises considerably during the tourist season. Bridlington is a major shellfish port and has a working harbour. The town is twinned with Millau in France and Bad Salzuflen in Germany. One of the UK's coastal weather stations is located at Bridlington.
Southward the coast becomes low, but northward it is steep and very fine, where the great spur of Flamborough Head projects eastward. The sea front is protected by a sea wall and a wide beach encouraged by wooden groynes which trap the sand. The beaches are part of a large deposit of smithic sand which stretches out into the bay in sand banks which are an important habitat for many marine species.
The climate is temperate with warm summers and cool, wet winters. The hottest months of the year are from June to September, with temperatures reaching an average high of 19 °C (66 °F) and 11 °C (52 °F) at night. The average daytime temperature in winter is 9 °C (48 °F) and 5 °C (41 °F) at night.
The origins of the habitation of Bridlington are unknown but can be traced back to ancient times. The nearby Dane's Dyke on Flamborough Head, a 2.5-mile (4 km) long man made dyke dates back to the Bronze Age. Some writers believe that Bridlington was the site of a Roman station. A Roman road can be traced into the town and Roman coins have been found in the town.
The earliest written evidence of Bridlington is located in the Domesday Book. It records that "Bretlinton" was the head of the Huntow Hundred and was held by Earl Morcar before it passed into the hands of William the Conqueror by the forfeiture. The survey also records the effect of the Harrying of the North as the annual value of the land had decreased from £32 in the time of Edward the Confessor to eight shillings at the time of the survey and comprised:
The land was given to Gilbert de Gant, nephew of King Stephen, in 1072. His eldest son, Walter de Gant, later founded an Augustinian priory on the land in 1133 which was confirmed by King Henry I in a Charter. Several succeeding kings confirmed and extended Walter de Gaunt's gift: King Stephen granting in addition the right to have a port; King John granted the prior permission to hold a weekly market and an annual fair in 1200. Henry VI granted permission for three annual fairs on the Nativity of Mary, and Deposition of and the Translation of Saint John of Bridlington in 1446. In 1415 Henry V visited the priory to give thanks for victory at the Battle of Agincourt. The town began to be developed around the site of the priory as it grew in importance and size.
After the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the manor remained with the crown until 1624 when Charles I granted it to Sir John Ramsey, who had recently been created the Earl of Holderness. In 1633, Sir George Ramsey sold the manor to 13 inhabitants of the town on behalf of all the tenants of the manor. In May 1636, a deed was drawn up empowering the 13 men as Lords Feoffees or trust holders of the Manor of Bridlington.
From early in the history of Bridlington, a small fishing port grew up near the coast, later known as Bridlington Quay. After the discovery of a chalybeate spring, the Quay developed in the 19th century to become a seaside resort. Bridlington's first hotel was opened in 1805 and it soon became a popular holiday resort for industrial workers from the West Riding of Yorkshire. A new railway station was opened on 6 October 1846, between the Quay and the historic town.
The area around the new railway station was developed and the two areas of the town were brought together. Bridlington's popularity has declined with the industrial north and the popularity of cheap foreign holidays. Although the fishing fleet has also declined the port remains popular with sea anglers for day trips along the coast or further out to local shipwrecks.
Bridlington has lucrative export markets for shell fish to France, Spain and Italy, said to be worth several million pounds a year.
The civil parish is formed by the town of Bridlington and the villages of Bessingby and Sewerby. According to the 2011 UK census the Bridlington parish had a population of 35,369, an increase on the 2001 UK census figure of 33,837.
The town of Bridlington is divided into two parts:
- The Old Town, the ancient market town (once known as Burlington) lying about a mile from the coast. The old town contains the historic site of the town’s market and The Priory Church of St Mary, on the site of an Augustinian priory which was dissolved by King Henry VIII when the last prior was executed for taking part in the Pilgrimage of Grace.
- Bridlington Quay, which is the home of the tourist area and the harbour. It has excellent sea-bathing, and the parade and ornamental gardens provide pleasant promenades. Bridlington Harbour is the key feature of the Quay, which is enclosed by two stone piers. Recently extensive works have been carried out along the seafront and after some struggle with planning permission, a 'London Eye'-style wheel has been built.
The MP for Bridlington is Greg Knight (Conservative), who represents the East Yorkshire constituency, which has included the town since 1997. Previously (since 1950) there had been a constituency named Bridlington, but like the present constituency it included a substantial part of the county as well as the town itself; its MPs included Richard Wood, a junior minister in Conservative governments from the 1950s to 1970s, who was the son of the former Foreign Secretary the Earl of Halifax. Before 1950, Bridlington was included in the Buckrose constituency.
Bridlington was designated a municipal borough in 1899. After local government re-organisation in 1974 it was included in the new county of Humberside, which caused much local resentment among residents who objected to being excluded from Yorkshire. The town became the administrative centre of a local government district, initially called the Borough of North Wolds but later changed to the Borough of East Yorkshire. The district disappeared when the county of Humberside was abolished in the 1990s, the new East Riding of Yorkshire unitary authority absorbing it and the neighbouring county districts, and Bridlington no longer has any formal local government administrative status above town council level. It once had nine Labour councillors on the East Riding Unitary Authority, the largest group of Labour councillors in the history of the Labour Party in Bridlington. There has always been a strong Conservative presence on the council, while the number of Liberal Democrats has recently decreased.
Bridlington is served by the Bridlington railway station, on the Yorkshire Coast Line that runs between Hull and Scarborough. The station opened on 6 October 1846 between the Quay and the historic town.
- Bay Primary School
- Burlington Infant School
- Burlington Junior School
- Hilderthorpe Primary School
- Martongate Primary School
- Quay Primary School
- Our Lady and Saint Peter RC Primary School (formerly St. Mary's RC Primary School)
- New Pasture Lane Primary School
Further and higher education
Media and sport
Bridlington is served by the Bridlington Free Press newspaper. Yorkshire Coast Radio used to broadcast from the town as the Bridlington area is a specific commercial radio licence, which operates as a peak-time opt-out service. However, all programming comes from Scarborough.
The town is the home of semi-professional Bridlington Town A.F.C., founded in 1918, refounded in 1994, and now playing in the Northern Counties East League Premier Division. The town also has a large junior club, Bridlington Rangers, with teams playing in the different age groups of the Hull Boys Sunday Football League. Bridlington Sports Club play in the Humber Premier League. The first team at the Bridlington Cricket Club play in the York and District Senior League Division One.
- Cecil Burton (1887–1971), cricketer.
- Claude Burton (cricketer) (1891–1971).
- Richard Cresswell, footballer.
- Andrew Dismore (born 1954), politician and lawyer.
- Angela Eagle, member of Parliament for Wallasey.
- Benjamin Fawcett, nineteenth-century woodblock colour printer.
- Thomas Fenby, Liberal politician and blacksmith.
- Henry Freeman, Whitby fisherman and lifeboatman.
- Mark Herman (born 1954), film director.
- Francis Johnson (1911–1995), church architect.
- William Kent, architect, landscape architect and furniture designer.
- Adam Khan (born 1985), racing driver
- Gordon Lakes (1928–2006), prison reformer.
- Sir John Major, 1st Baronet (1698–1791), merchant and member of Parliament.
- A. E. Matthews (1869–1960), actor.
- William of Newburgh (c. 1136–c. 1198), chronicler.
- David Pinkney, businessman and auto racing driver.
- Craig Short, footballer.
- John Twenge (St. John of Bridlington), English saint of the 14th century
- Bob Wallis (1934–1991), jazz musician
In its heyday Bridlington was a leading entertainment resort with a nationally-famous dance venue at The Spa where many famous entertainers have appeared, including David Bowie & Morrissey.
Bridlington Priory in the Old Town has a good-sounding ring of eight bells (tenor approx. 24 cwt) with a long draft. It also has a large four-manual organ that boasts the widest "scaled" 32 ft reed (contra tuba) in the United Kingdom.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bridlington.|
- "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Bridlington CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "UK Twin Towns". Dorset Twinning Association. Archived from the original on 8 May 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2008.
- "Erosion & Flooding in the Parish of Bridlington". Coastal Observatory. University of Hull. Retrieved 2 June 2008.
- UK Attraction. "Danes’ Dyke at Flamborough". Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- "History, topography, and directory of East Yorkshire (with Hull).". T Bulmer & Co. 1892. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- LPL Limited. "Bridlington.net – The Foundation of the Bridlington Priory". Retrieved 26 July 2008.
- Wilson, Mike (15 September 2006). "St. John of Bridlington". Bridlington Free Press. Archived from the original on 27 May 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2008
- FISHupdate trade news site. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Bridlington CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 15 May 2008.
- "The Priory and its Bells: Brief History of the Priory". The Priory Church of St Mary, Bridlington. Retrieved 2 June 2008.
- "Bridlington Eye". Retrieved 2 June 2008.
- Body, G (1988). PSL Field Guides - Railways of the Eastern Region Volume 2. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 49. ISBN 1-85260-072-1.
- "Bay Primary School". Retrieved 24 November 2008
- "Burlington Junior School". Retrieved 24 November 2008
- "Hilderthorpe Primary School.". Retrieved 24 November 2008
- "Martongate Primary School". Retrieved 24 November 2008
- "St Mary's R C School". Retrieved 24 November 2008
- "New Pasture Lane Primary School". Retrieved 30 December 2008
- "East Riding College". Archived from the original on 27 July 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2008
- Retrieved 2 October 2010.
- "Welcome to Bridlington RUFC". rfu.com. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "CNN Sports Illustrated". CNN. Retrieved 3 June 2008.
- "News - I Can Do It - Cresswell". Stoke City FC. 24 November 2008. Retrieved 26 November 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Bridlington|
|Wikivoyage has travel information related to: Bridlington|