Type 051B destroyer

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Chinese destroyer Shenzhen DDG167.jpg
DDG 167 Shenzhen in Apra Harbor, Guam
Class overview
Operators: People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force
Preceded by: Type 052
Succeeded by: Sovremennyy-class destroyer
Cost: 2 billion renminbi yuan per ship by 1980s price
In service: 1999
Completed: 1
Active: 1
General characteristics
Displacement: 6,100 tons
Length: 153 m
Beam: 16.5 m
Draught: 6 m
Propulsion: 2 Steam turbines
94,000 shp (70,100 kW)
Speed: 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph)
Range: 14,000 miles
Complement: 250 (40 officers)
Sensors and
processing systems:
Combat data system - ZKJ-6 Information processing system designed by the 709th Institute (Reported speed: 10 Mbit/s)

Data link: HN-900 (Chinese equivalent of Link 11 A/B, to be upgraded)
Communication: SNTI-240 SATCOM
Rice Shield 3-D air search radar
Type 360S air/surface search radar

Type 344 fire-control radar (for 100 mm gun & SSMs)
Armament: 16 anti-ship missiles
16 HQ-7 surface-to-air missiles (8 ready to fire + reload)
1 dual 100mm gun
4 dual-37mm anti-aircraft guns
6 torpedo tubes
2 anti-submarine rocket systems
Aircraft carried: 2 helicopters: (Kamov Ka-28 or Harbin Z-9C)
Aviation facilities: Hangar accommodating 2 helicopters
Landing platform for one helicopter
Helicopter landing system

The Type 051B Luhai-class is a class of destroyer built by the People's Republic of China. It consists of only one ship, No.167 Shenzhen. When Shenzhen was commissioned into the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force in 1998, it was then, the largest surface combatant that China had ever built. It resembles in many ways an enlarged version of the Luhu-class destroyer, and is one of the first PLAN ships with a slope-sided hull to reduce radar signature.

History[edit]

Shenzhen (DDG 167).jpg

Shenzhen was laid down by Dalian Shipyard in Northeastern China in May 1996. The Shenzhen was intended to be an experimental improvement on the Luhu-class' in terms of modular construction and stealth. The ship is powered by two indigenous steam turbine engines, due to Dalian Shipyard's experience with steam turbines and that Chinese domestic research and development on marine gas turbines was not yet mature. The Luhai-class is 2,000 tons larger than the Type 052 destroyer, Luhu-class. The launch was in 1997 although official revelation of the ship's existence did not come until the year following its commissioning. The chief designer of this class is academic, Mr. Pan Jingfu (潘镜芙), who is also the designer of the predecessor and follow-up of this class of ship.

The main purpose of Type 051B is to gain experience for the design of more capable ship in the future from the lessons learned from earlier Type 052. For example, how to integrate different foreign subsystems on Type 052 more effectively. The ship is powered by steam turbines because embargo against China after 1989 crackdown and domestic gas turbines could not be ready in time. Type 051B also explored the stealthy design which resulted in smaller radar cross section in comparison to its predecessor Type 052. Analysts speculated that the ship would be equipped with VLS system in the forward section for air-defense SAMs. However, when the ship was finally revealed, it was still armed with the 8-cell HQ-7 SAM launcher. These SAMs lack effectiveness against sea skimming missiles with multiple approach angles. The PLAN was unhappy with the design and no further ships of this class were built. In fact, providing area air defense for the fleet was the most important goal of the design, and since domestic systems could not be ready in time and less capable systems had to be adopted, a huge gap is left open. As a result, China decided to import two pairs of Sovremennyy-class destroyer to fill the need.

The sole Type 051B destroyer 167 Shenzhen participated in the PLA Navy’s first goodwill visit to Africa in 2000, the first visit to Europe in 2001 and the first visit to Japan in 2007. In 2004, the ship received its mid-life modernization refit, with its original 100mm main gun and the HQ-7 air defense missile system being replaced by improved models.

Type 051B destroyer 167 Shenzhen visited Kochi, India for four days in August 2009, after deployment in the Gulf of Aden on anti-piracy operations.

Ships of Class[edit]

 Number   Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
1 167 深圳 / Shenzhen Dalian October 1997 February 1999 South Sea Fleet Active.

External links[edit]

Media related to Shenzhen class destroyer at Wikimedia Commons