U.S. Route 19 in Virginia

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U.S. Route 19 marker

U.S. Route 19
Route information
Maintained by VDOT
Length: 88.89 mi[1] (143.05 km)
Existed: late 1920s – present
Major junctions
South end: US-19 / US-11E / SR-1 in Bristol
 

US 11W / US 421 / SR 381 in Bristol
I-81 / US 58 in Bristol
US 11 in Abingdon

US 58 Alt. in Hansonville
SR 80 in Rosedale
US 460 in Claypool Hill
SR 16 in Tazewell
SR 61 in Tazewell

SR 102 in Bluefield
North end: US 19 in Bluefield
Location
Counties: City of Bristol, Washington, Russell, Tazewell
Highway system
SR 18 SR 20

U.S. Route 19 (US 19) is a part of the U.S. Highway System that runs from Memphis, Florida to Erie, Pennsylvania. In Virginia, the U.S. Highway runs 88.89 miles (143.05 km) between a pair of twin cities: Bristol, Tennessee and Bristol, Virginia at the Virginia–Tennessee state line, and Bluefield and Bluefield at the Virginia – West Virginia state line. Between its endpoints, US 19 has lengthy concurrencies with US 11, US 58 Alternate, and US 460 during its course connecting Abingdon, Lebanon, and Tazewell within Washington, Russell, and Tazewell counties in Southwest Virginia.

Route description[edit]

Bristol to Abingdon[edit]

US 19 enters Virginia concurrent with US 11E at State Street, which follows the Virginia–Tennessee state line as the main street of Bristol, Virginia to the north and Bristol, Tennessee to the south and forms the easternmost part of SR-1 west of the intersection. The two U.S. Highways and SR 381 head north along Commonwealth Avenue, a four-lane divided highway that intersects Goode Street one block north of the state line; Goode Street carries US 421 and both US 11 Truck and US 19 Truck through the Bristol Commercial Historic District. US 19, US 11E, US 421, and SR 381 meet the southern end of SR 113 at separate intersections: Cumberland Street carries northbound SR 113 east and Sycamore Street carries the westbound direction. The four highways continue north to east–west Euclid Avenue, where US 11E has its northern terminus. SR 381 continues north along Commonwealth Avenue to the southern end of I-381, a spur south from I-81. Westbound Euclid Avenue heads west carrying northbound US 421 and southbound US 11W. US 19 turns east to join US 11 on eastbound Euclid Avenue.[1][2]

US 19 and US 11 head east as a two-lane divided boulevard through a residential area. The street becomes undivided shortly before the U.S. Highways reach the northern end of SR 113 (Moore Street), which heads south toward Virginia Intermont College and downtown Bristol. US 19 and US 11 continue northeast on Lee Highway, which here and in much of Virginia is a three-lane road with center turn lane. The highway meets I-81 and US 58 at a diamond interchange with a rakish angle. US 19 and US 11 pass under Norfolk Southern Railway's Pulaski District and cross Beaver Creek before leaving the city of Bristol. The two highways continue northeast through Washington County, where they pass Virginia Highlands Airport before entering the town of Abingdon. At the west end of town, US 19 and US 11 intersect SR 140 (Jonesboro Road), a connector between the U.S. Highways and I-81 that also serves Virginia Highlands Community College. The U.S. highways continue east as Main Street, which passes under the Norfolk Southern rail line before US 19 turns north onto Porterfield Highway.[1][2]

Abingdon to Bluefield[edit]

US 19 heads northwest as a four-lane divided highway that is joined by US 58 Alternate (Russell Road) before leaving the town of Abingdon. The two highways cross Walker Mountain and briefly follow the North Fork Holston River before following Moccasin Creek through Moccasin Gap between Clinch Mountain to the west and Brumley Mountain to the east. US 19 and US 58 Alternate enter Russell County at Little Moccasin Gap a short distance east of where the highways diverge at Hansonville. US 19 continues northeast by the village of Willis before reaching Lebanon. At the southwest corner of the town, the U.S. Highway has a diamond interchange with US 19 Business (Main Street) and SR 660 (Mountain Road). US 19 has a diamond interchange with SR 654 before meeting the eastern end of US 19 Business (Trail of the Lonesome Pine) east of Big Cedar Creek.[1][2]

US 19 continues northeast as the Trail of the Lonesome Pine, which has an intersection with SR 80 (Hayters Gap Road) at the hamlet of Smithfield. The two highways run concurrently to Rosedale, where SR 80 heads north as Red Bud Highway. At Southwest Virginia Community College at the Russell–Tazewell County line, US 19 veers north through Wardell and crosses the Little River. The U.S. Highway curves east again and meets US 460 (Governor George C. Peery Highway) at Claypool Hill. US 19 and US 460 parallel the Clinch River and Norfolk Southern Railway's Clinch Valley District through Pounding Mill and Cliffield to the hamlet of Pisgah, where US 19 Business and US 460 Business head south as Crab Orchard Road toward Frog Level.[1][2]

US 19 and US 460 become a freeway through the town of Tazewell that has diamond interchanges with SR 16 Alternate (Fairground Road) and SR 16 (Tazewell Avenue). The freeway crosses the railroad and the Clinch River at its partial cloverleaf interchange with SR 61 (Riverside Drive). North of Tazewell, US 19 and US 460 have a partial cloverleaf interchange with SR 645 (Cauitts Creek Road) and SR 678 (Market Street) before meeting the eastern end of the U.S. Highways' business routes, named Fincastle Turnpike, at a partial interchange where the highways cross over the Clinch Valley rail line. US 19 and US 460 diverge as the local and express routes, respectively, through the twin towns of Bluefield, Virginia and Bluefield, West Virginia. US 19 heads northeast from its trumpet interchange with US 460 and crosses the rail line into the town of Bluefield, where the highway reduces to two lanes and follows Virginia Avenue. After closely paralleling the rail line, at Greever Avenue, the U.S. Highway makes a right-angle turn north to continue on Virginia Avenue, then veers east, passing under the rail line at its junction with the Pocahontas District rail line. US 19 has a pair of right-angle turns at its crossing of Beaverpond Creek just west of its intersection with SR 102 (College Avenue). The U.S. Highway passes through downtown Bluefield, Virginia before crossing the state line into Bluefield, West Virginia, where the highway continues as Bluefield Avenue.[1][2]

History[edit]

What is now US 19 was part of the original 1918 state highway system.[3] It was part of State Route 10 from Bristol to Abingdon, a spur of SR 10 (designated State Route 106 in the 1923 renumbering and State Route 110 in the 1928 renumbering) from Abingdon to Hansonville, another spur of SR 10 from Hansonville to Lebanon, and State Route 11 from Lebanon to Bluefield. The spur from Hansonville to Lebanon was initially designated State Route 10Y. In the 1923 renumbering it was renumbered State Route 112 (as a spur of SR 11), and in the 1928 renumbering it became State Route 131. US 19 was added in the late 1920s, and in the 1933 renumbering the state routes were dropped.

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile
[1]
Destinations Notes
City of Bristol 0.00 US-19 / US-11E south (Volunteer Parkway) / SR-1 west (State Street) – Bristol, Johnson City Southern terminus of US 19 and US 11E in Virginia; Tennessee state line; south end of concurrency with SR 381
0.08
US 421 / US 11 Truck / US 19 Truck south (Goode Street) – Mountain City
South end of concurrency with US 421
0.23 SR 113 east (Cumberland Street)
0.58 US 11W south / US 421 north (Euclid Avenue) / SR 381 north (Commonwealth Avenue) – Kingsport, Gate City Northern terminus of US 11E and US 11W; southern terminus of US 11 in Virginia; north end of concurrencies with US 421 and SR 381; south end of concurrency with US 11
1.62 SR 113 south (Moore Street)
3.36 I-81 / US 58 – Roanoke, Knoxville I-81 Exit 5
Washington Abingdon 13.09 SR 140 south (Jonesboro Road) to I-81
13.99 US 11 north (Lee Highway) – Marion North end of concurrency with US 11
14.44
US 58 Alt. east (Russell Road)
South end of concurrency with US 58 Alternate
Russell Hansonville 26.70
US 58 Alt. west (Norton)
North end of concurrency with US 58 Alternate
Lebanon 32.33
US 19 Bus. north (Main Street) / SR 660 south (Mountain Road)
Diamond interchange
34.39 SR 654 (Pittston Road) Diamond interchange
36.04
US 19 Bus. south (Main Street)
Rosedale 40.80 SR 80 south (Hayters Gap Road Road) – Lindell South end of concurrency with SR 80
43.37 SR 80 north (Red Bud Highway) – Honaker North end of concurrency with SR 80
Tazewell Claypool Hill 56.90 US 460 west (Governor George C. Peery Highway) – Richlands South end of concurrency with US 460
Pisgah 67.76
US 19 Bus. north / US 460 Bus. east (Crab Orchard Road) – Tazewell
Tazewell SR 16 Alt. (Fairground Road) Partial cloverleaf interchange
69.48 SR 16 (Tazewell Avenue) – Thompson Valley, Stony Ridge Diamond interchange
70.91 SR 61 (Riverside Drive) Partial cloverleaf interchange
SR 645 (Cauitts Creek Road) / SR 678 (Market Street) Partial cloverleaf interchange
73.66
US 19 Bus. south / US 460 Bus. west (Fincastle Turnpike) – Tazewell
Westbound exit, eastbound entrance
Bluefield 84.37 US 460 east – Princeton Trumpet interchange; north end of concurrency with US 460
88.09 SR 102 (College Avenue) – Pocahontas
88.89 US 19 north (Bluefield Avenue) – Bluefield, Princeton Northern terminus of US 19 in Virginia; West Virginia state line
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "2009 Traffic Data". Virginia Department of Transportation. 2009. Retrieved 2011-08-22. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Google Inc. "U.S. Route 19 in Virginia". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=State+St&daddr=US-19+N+to:Trail+of+the+Lonesome+Pine%2FVirginia+Ave&hl=en&sll=36.617457,-82.147179&sspn=0.101269,0.153637&geocode=FQBmLgIdjOYZ-w%3BFdPDLgIdHT8a-w%3BFfZ-OAIdvBso-w&mra=ls&vpsrc=0&t=h&z=10. Retrieved 2011-08-22.
  3. ^ State Highway Commission (July 5, 1922) (PDF). Minutes of the First Meeting of the State Highway Commission Created Under the Acts of 1922 (Report). Richmond, VA: Commonwealth of Virginia. http://www.virginiadot.org/meetings/minutes_pdf/CTB-07-1922-01.pdf., Proposed "State Highway System" for Virginia, as Recommended by the State Roads Committee, January, 1918

External links[edit]


U.S. Route 19
Previous state:
Tennessee
Virginia Next state:
West Virginia
SR 111 Spurs of SR 11
1923-1928
SR 113 >
SR 130 District 1 State Routes
1928–1933
SR 132 >