United States House of Representatives elections, 1910

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
United States House of Representatives elections, 1910
United States
1908 ←
November 8, 1910
(but Maine and Vermont held elections in September 1910)

→ 1912

All 394[1] seats to the United States House of Representatives
198 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  ChampClark.jpg James Robert Mann 1909.jpg
Leader Champ Clark James Mann
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Missouri-9th Illinois-2nd
Last election 172 seats 219 seats
Seats won 229 164
Seat change Increase 57 Decrease 55
Popular vote 5,864,262 5,849,989
Percentage 46.7% 46.6%

  Third party
 
Party Socialist
Last election 0 seats
Seats won 1
Seat change Increase 1
Popular vote 529,211
Percentage 4.2%

Speaker before election

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Champ Clark
Democratic

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1910 were held for members of the 62nd Congress, in the middle of President William Howard Taft's term.

The conservative Taft contended with major factional splits within his Republican Party. Instead of using his position as president to bridge compromise, Taft alienated the progressive wing of the party, which had championed his predecessor, Theodore Roosevelt. While conservatives controlled the largest number of elected positions for Republicans, progressive politics had been what brought many voters to the polls. The clash of these units of the Republican Party, combined with the message of unity from the Democratic Party, was enough to allow the Democrats to take control of the House, ending 16 years in opposition. Also, the first ever Socialist won a seat during the elections.

Election summaries[edit]

229 1 164
Democratic S Republican

3 seats were added for the new states of New Mexico (2) and Arizona (1)

State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Socialist
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 9 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arizona[2] At-large 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady 0 Steady
Arkansas District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
California District 8 1 Increase 1 7 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Colorado District
+at-large
3 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 1 Increase 1 4 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Delaware At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Florida District 3 3 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia District 11 11 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Idaho At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois District 25 11 Increase 5 14 Decrease 5 0 Steady
Indiana District 13 12 Increase 1 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Iowa District 11 1 Steady 10 Steady 0 Steady
Kansas District 8 0 Steady 8 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky District 11 9 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Louisiana District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Maine[3] District 4 2 Increase 2 2 Decrease 2 0 Steady
Maryland District 6 5 Increase 2 1 Decrease 2 0 Steady
Massachusetts District 14 4 Increase 1 10 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Michigan District 12 2 Increase 2 10 Decrease 2 0 Steady
Minnesota District 9 1 Steady 8 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi District 8 8 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Missouri District 16 13 Increase 3 3 Decrease 3 0 Steady
Montana At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Nebraska District 6 3 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady
Nevada At-large 1 0 Decrease 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
New Hampshire District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey District 10 7 Increase 4 3 Decrease 4 0 Steady
New Mexico[2] At-large 2 1 Increase 1 1 Increase 1 0 Steady
New York District 37 23 Increase 12 14 Decrease 12 0 Steady
North Carolina District 10 10 Increase 3 0 Decrease 3 0 Steady
North Dakota District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio District 21 16 Increase 8 5 Decrease 8 0 Steady
Oklahoma District 5 3 Increase 1 2 Decrease 1 0 Steady
Oregon District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Pennsylvania District 32 8 Increase 3 24 Decrease 3 0 Steady
Rhode Island District 2 1 Increase 1 1 Decrease 1 0 Steady
South Carolina District 7 7 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
South Dakota At-large 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee District 10 8 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Texas District 16 16 Steady 0 Steady 0 Steady
Utah At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont[3] District 2 0 Steady 2 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia District 10 9 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Washington District 3 0 Steady 3 Steady 0 Steady
West Virginia District 5 4 Increase 4 1 Decrease 4 0 Steady
Wisconsin District 11 2 Increase 1 8 Decrease 2 1 Increase 1
Wyoming At-large 1 0 Steady 1 Steady 0 Steady
Total[1] 394 229
58.1%
Increase 57 164
41.6%
Decrease 55 1
0.3%
Increase 1
House seats
Democratic
  
58.12%
Republican
  
41.62%
Socialist
  
0.25%
Others
  
0.25%

Two states, with 6 seats between them, held elections early in 1910:

New Mexico held its first Congressional election on November 7, 1911 and Arizona held theirs on December 11, 1911.

Parties Seats Popular Vote
1908 1910 +/- Strength Vote  %
  Democratic Party 172 229 Increase 57 58.38% 5,864,262 46.69%
  Republican Party 219 164 Decrease 55 41.17% 5,849,989 46.58%
  Socialist Party 0 1 Increase 1 0.25% 529,211 4.21%
Prohibition Party 0 0 Steady 0% 178,710 1.42%
  Others 0 0 Steady 0% 137,871 1.10%
Total 391 394 Increase 3 100.0% 12,560,043 100.0%
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Democratic
  80.1-100% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  60.1-80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
 
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
 
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  1-2 Socialist gain
  no net change

Complete results[edit]

Arizona[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Arizona at-large None (New state) Democratic win Carl Hayden (D) 54.1%
John S. Williams (R) 39.7%
John Halberg (S) 5.9%
Eugene W. Chafin (Pro) 0.4%

California[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 William F. Englebright Republican 1906 Lost re-election
Democratic gain
John E. Raker (D) 45.4%
William F. Englebright (R) 45.1%
William Morgan (S) 8.8%
C. H. Essex (Pro) 0.7%
California 2 Duncan E. McKinlay Republican 1904 Defeated in primary
Republican hold
William Kent (R) 50.1%
I. G. Zumwalt (D) 44%
W. H. Ferber (S) 5.2%
Henry P. Stipp (Pro) 0.7%
California 3 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Re-elected Joseph R. Knowland (R) 81.9%
S. Miller (S) 15.9%
James N. Christian (Pro) 2.2%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Re-elected Julius Kahn (R) 56.5%
Walter MacArthur (D) 36.8%
Austin Lewis (S) 6.5%
E. F. Dinsmore (Pro) 0.2%
California 5 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Re-elected Everis A. Hayes (R) 59.4%
Thomas E. Hayden (D) 27.4%
E. L. Reguin (S) 12.6%
T. E. Caton (Proh.) 0.6%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Re-elected James C. Needham (R) 47.3%
A. L. Cowell (D) 44.2%
Richard Kirk (S) 6.2%
Ira E. Surface (Proh.) 2.3%
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Defeated in primary
Republican hold
William Stephens (R) 58.7%
Lorin A. Handley (D) 21.5%
Thomas W. Williams (S) 16.6%
C. V. LeFontaine (Proh.) 3.2%
California 8 Sylvester C. Smith Republican 1904 Re-elected Sylvester C. Smith (R) 50.5%
William G. Irving (D) 33.9%
George A. Garrett (S) 13.1%
James S. Edwards (Proh.) 2.5%

Florida[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 81.8%
C. C. Allen (S) 18.2%
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Re-elected Frank Clark (D) 78.5%
Thomas W. Cox (S) 12.2%
Thomas C. Buddington (R) 9.3%
Florida 3 Dannite H. Mays Democratic 1908 Re-elected Dannite H. Mays (D) 89.6%
Eric Vonaxelson (D) 10.4%

New Mexico[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Mexico at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
None (New state) Republican win George Curry (R) 25.0%
Harvey B. Fergusson (D) 24.9%

Elfego Baca (R) 23.7%
Paz Valverde (D) 23.5%
J. W. Hansen (S) 1.5%
C. Cutting (S) 1.4%
Democratic win

South Carolina[edit]

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Re-elected George Swinton Legaré (D) 97.4%
Aaron P. Prioleau (R) 2.1%
William Eberhard (S) 0.5%
South Carolina 2 James O'H. Patterson Democratic 1904 Lost primary
Democratic hold
James F. Byrnes (D) 100%
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Re-elected Wyatt Aiken (D) 99.9%
Others 0.1%
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Re-elected Joseph T. Johnson (D) 98.9%
Thomas Brier (R) 1.1%
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Re-elected David E. Finley (D) 100%
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Re-elected J. Edwin Ellerbe (D) 100%
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Re-elected Asbury F. Lever (D) 95.6%
R. H. Richardson (R) 4.3%
Others 0.1%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Including late elections
  2. ^ a b New state
  3. ^ a b Elections held early