United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1818

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United States House of Representatives elections in New York, 1818
New York
1816 ←
April 28-30, 1818 → 1821

All 27 New York seats to the United States House of Representatives
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 22 5
Seats won 21 6
Seat change Decrease 1 Increase 1

The 1818 United States House of Representatives elections in New York were held from April 28 to 30, 1818, to elect 27 U.S. Representatives to represent the State of New York in the United States House of Representatives of the 16th United States Congress.

Background[edit]

27 U.S. Representatives had been elected in April 1816 to a term in the 15th United States Congress beginning on March 4, 1817. Representative-elect Henry B. Lee died on February 18, 1817, and James Tallmadge, Jr. was elected in April 1817 to fill the vacancy. The representatives' term would end on March 3, 1819. The congressional elections were held together with the State elections in late April 1818, about ten months before the term would start on March 4, 1819, and about a year and a half before Congress actually met on December 6, 1819.

Congressional districts[edit]

The geographical area of the districts remained the same as at the previous elections in 1816. Two new counties were created: Tompkins inside the 20th District; and Cattaraugus inside the 21st District. In 1817, the Town of Danube was separated from the Town of Minden in Montgomery County, and transferred to Herkimer County, but Danube remained in the 14th District.

Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.

Result[edit]

19 Democratic-Republicans, 6 Clintonian-Federalists[1] and 2 Federalists were elected to the 16th Congress. The incumbents Wendover, Tompkins, Taylor and Storrs were re-elected, the incumbent Ellicott was defeated.

1818 United States House election result
District Democratic-Republican Clintonian/Federalist Federalist also ran
1st James Guyon, Jr. 1,701 Silas Wood 2,171 "James Guyon" 396
Ebenezer Sage 2,085 John Garretson[2] 1,992
2nd Henry Meigs 3,226 Barent Gardenier 2,557
Peter H. Wendover 3,207
3rd Caleb Tompkins 1,439 Benjamin Isaacs[3] 623 Philip Van Cortlandt (C/F) 406
4th William H. Johnson 1,356 Randall S. Street 1,390
5th John I. Miller 1,260 James S. Strong 1,983 Robert Le Roy Livingston (C/F) 733
6th Walter Case 1,289
7th Jacob H. De Witt 1,304
8th Robert Clark 1,799 Jabez Bostwick[4] 1,442
9th Solomon Van Rensselaer 2,003
10th William McManus 2,002 John D. Dickinson 2,232
11th John W. Taylor 2,282 James Thompson 851
12th Nathaniel Pitcher 4,320 David Abel Russell 2,399 Halsey Rogers (D-R)[5] 975
Ezra C. Gross 3,743
13th Harmanus Peek 2,135 Isaac H. Tiffany 1,683
14th John Fay 2,038 John Veeder 1,542
15th Samuel Campbell 2,688 Robert Monell 2,903
Edward Pratt 2,604 Joseph S. Lyman 2,849
16th Allen Fraser[6] 119 Henry R. Storrs 2,332
17th Aaron Hackley, Jr. 1,936 Simeon Ford[7] 23
18th William D. Ford 2,771 Horatio Orvis[8] 966
19th George Hall 2,288 H. O. Wattles[9] 49
20th Jonathan Richmond 5,548
Caleb Baker 5,478
21st Nathaniel Allen 10,288 Benjamin Ellicott (D-R; inc.) 155
Albert H. Tracy 9,182

Note: It is difficult to ascertain the party affiliation of these candidates: At this time began the split of the Democratic-Republican Party into two opposing factions: on one side, the supporters of DeWitt Clinton and his Erie Canal project; on the other side, the Bucktails (including the Tammany Hall organization in New York City), led by Martin Van Buren. At the same time, the Federalist Party had already begun to disintegrate. In the Southern districts the Federalists and Clintonians combined to vote for joint nominees, running against the Bucktails; in the Western districts, where the Erie Canal was under construction, the Democratic-Republican nominees were Clintonians who were elected unopposed.

Aftermath and contested election[edit]

The House of Representatives of the 16th United States Congress met for the first time at the reconstructed United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., on December 6, 1819, and 26 of the representatives took their seats. Only Ebenezer Sage did not appear.[10]

On December 10, Nathaniel Allen presented a petition on behalf of James Guyon, Jr. to contest the election of Ebenezer Sage in the 1st District. On January 12, 1820, the Committee on Elections submitted its report. They found that the election inspectors in the towns of Northfield (on Staten Island), Brooklyn, Hempstead and Oyster Bay had returned 391 votes for "James Guyon" although all these votes had in fact been given for "James Guyon, Jr."[11] The Secretary of State of New York, receiving the abovementioned result, issued credentials for Sage who never took or claimed the seat. On January 14, the House declared Guyon, Jr., entitled to the seat, and Guyon took it.[12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Of these 6 congressmen elected on fusion tickets against the Bucktails, Wood had been a Federalist candidate for Congress in 1798 and 1800; Street was appointed a D.A. in 1810 and 1813 by a Federalist Council of Appointment; and Storrs was a Federalist incumbent. The congressional records list Strong as Federalist; and Monell and Lyman as Democratic-Republicans.
  2. ^ John Garretson, of Castleton, Staten Island, presidential elector 1808
  3. ^ Benjamin Isaacs, assemblyman 1807, 1814-15, 1816 and 1818
  4. ^ Jabez Bostwick, possibly the father of Jabez A. Bostwick
  5. ^ Halsey Rogers, First Judge of the Warren Co. Court 1820-1823
  6. ^ Allen Fraser, assemblyman 1820-21
  7. ^ Simeon Ford, DA of Herkimer Co. 1818-23, assemblyman 1820-21 and 1822
  8. ^ Horatio Orvis, of Jefferson Co., assemblyman 1818 and 1826
  9. ^ H. O. Wattles, lawyer, of Manlius
  10. ^ Abridgment of the Debates in Congress (Vol. VI; pages 463f)
  11. ^ Cases of Contested Elections in Congress 1789 to 1834 compiled by Matthew St. Clair Clarke and David A. Hall (Washington, D.C., 1834; Case XLV, pages 348ff)
  12. ^ Journal of the House of Representatives (pages 29f, 127, 129 and 138)

Sources[edit]