Vågan

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Vågan kommune
Vuogát
Municipality
Lofoten Svolvear Fährhafen Ausfahrt.jpg
Coat of arms of Vågan kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Vågan kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Vågan within Nordland
Vågan within Nordland
Coordinates: 68°16′41″N 14°31′15″E / 68.27806°N 14.52083°E / 68.27806; 14.52083Coordinates: 68°16′41″N 14°31′15″E / 68.27806°N 14.52083°E / 68.27806; 14.52083
Country Norway
County Nordland
District Lofoten
Administrative centre Svolvær
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Eivind Holst (H)
Area
 • Total 477.71 km2 (184.44 sq mi)
 • Land 459.17 km2 (177.29 sq mi)
 • Water 18.54 km2 (7.16 sq mi)
Area rank 212 in Norway
Population (2012)
 • Total 9,086
 • Rank 115 in Norway
 • Density 19.8/km2 (51/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) -0.9 %
Demonym Vågaværing[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1865
Official language form Neutral
Website www.vagan.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Vågan (Northern Sami: Vuogát) is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Lofoten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Svolvær. Some of the villages in Vågan include Digermulen, Gimsøy, Gravermarka, Henningsvær, Hopen, Kabelvåg, Kleppstad, Laupstad, Liland, Skrova, Straumnes, and Sydalen.[2]

Vågakallen towers over Henningsvær, seen from Kabelvåg
Vågakallen seen from east
Gimsøystraumen between Gimsøy and Austvågøy
Kabelvåg landscape with the Vågan Church; early June 2009

General information[edit]

Vågan was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1856, the northwestern part of Vågan (population: 987) was separated to form the new municipality of Gimsøy. On 1 July 1918, the town of Svolvær (population: 2,429) was separated to form its own municipality. This left Vågan with 3,399 residents. On 1 January 1964, the municipalities of Gimsøy, Svolvær, and Vågan were merged to form the new, larger municipality of Vågan.[3]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Vågan farm (Old Norse: Vágar), since the first church (Vågan Church) was built there. The name is the plural form of vág which means "bay". The island of Austvågøya (Old Norse: Vágøy) was named after this important site (which later led the neighboring island to be named Vestvågøya). The name was historically spelled Vaagan.[4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 30 March 1973. The arms show a white colored cod on a blue background. This was chosen because fishing is the main source of income for the municipality. The cod was also part of the older arms of the town/municipality of Svolvær.[5]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has five parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Vågan. It is part of the Lofoten deanery in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Vågan
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Gimsøy og Strauman Gimsøy Church Gimsøy 1876
Strauman Church Sydalen 1984
Henningsvær Henningsvær Church Henningsvær 1974
Strandlandet Strandlandet Church Straumnes 1938
Svolvær Digermulen Church Digermulen 1951
Sildpollnes Church Sildpollneset 1891
Svolvær Church Svolvær 1934
Vågan Vågan Church Kabelvåg 1898

Geography[edit]

The main population centres are the town of Svolvær and the villages of Kabelvåg and Henningsvær, located on the largest island, Austvågøya (although Svolvær and Henningsvær are partly located on smaller islands adjacent to the main island). All three have a picturesque situation under the rugged Lofoten mountains, facing the rough body of water called Vestfjorden. Vågan municipality includes over half of Austvågøya island, all of the islands of Gimsøya, Skrova, Store Molla, Lille Molla, numerous other tiny islets, plus the southwestern tip of the island of Hinnøya. The Moholmen Lighthouse and Skrova Lighthouse are both located in the Vestfjorden. Two notable mountains in the municipality are Higravstinden and Svolværgeita.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Svolvær, Vågan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.2
(36)
6.5
(43.7)
10.1
(50.2)
13.0
(55.4)
13.0
(55.4)
9.0
(48.2)
5.2
(41.4)
1.8
(35.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
4.7
(40.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 159
(6.26)
134
(5.28)
112
(4.41)
88
(3.46)
63
(2.48)
67
(2.64)
87
(3.43)
94
(3.7)
146
(5.75)
210
(8.27)
160
(6.3)
180
(7.09)
1,500
(59.06)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[6]

History and economy[edit]

Landscape in northern Vågan

Kabelvåg is the oldest fishing village in Lofoten, where King Øystein built the first fishing shacks in the early 12th century. The Lofoten Cathedral, built in 1898, seats 1,200 people, and used to be filled to the last seat during the Lofoten fishing in the winter. Henningsvær has a picturesque situation on several islands, and is today more important for fishing. Svolvær is the municipal centre, and has an impressive number of artists' studios and galleries. In addition to the cod fisheries, salmon fish farming and tourism are economically important in Vågan.

Transportation[edit]

Henningsvær

The islands that make up Vågan are connected by several different bridges. The European route E10 highway connects the neighboring municipality of Vestvågøy to Vågan (Gimsøya island) by the Sundklakkstraumen Bridge. Gimsøya island connects to Austvågøya island by the Gimsøystraumen Bridge. The islands of Henningsvær are connected to Austvågøya by the Henningsvær Bridges. The rest of the small islands are only accessible by boats and ferries. In the town of Svolvær, the Svinøy Bridge connects the main part of town to the island of Svinøya. Svolvær Airport, Helle is located just east of the town of Svolvær.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Vågan" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-07-22. 
  3. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  4. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 308. 
  5. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-11-30. 
  6. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]