Vorpal sword

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John Tenniel's original illustration of "Jabberwocky" from Through the Looking-Glass features the vorpal sword.

Vorpal sword is a phrase used by Lewis Carroll in his nonsense poem "Jabberwocky".

Context and definition[edit]

Carroll published Through the Looking-Glass in 1871. Near the beginning, Alice discovers and reads "Jabberwocky". The word "vorpal" appears twice in the poem, which describes a young boy's quest to slay a monster called the Jabberwock:

He took his vorpal sword in hand:

And later,

One, two! One, two! And through and through
The vorpal blade went snicker-snack!
He left it dead, and with its head
He went galumphing back.

As with much of the rest of the poem's vocabulary, the reader is left to guess at the meaning of "vorpal" from the context. It is commonly assumed to mean "deadly" or "sharp",[citation needed] but could also be referring to the material of which the sword is composed. Some readers have imagined other properties the word could describe. Alexander L. Taylor points out in his Carroll biography The White Knight that "vorpal" can be formed by taking letters alternately from "verbal" and "gospel".[1]

Carroll himself once wrote, "I am afraid I can't explain 'vorpal blade' for you—nor yet 'tulgey wood.'"[1]

Popular culture[edit]

The term has been occasionally used in fantasy media, often referring to a sword with a wavy or unusually curved blade.[citation needed]

The Vorpal blade is the primary weapon in American McGee's Alice and Alice Madness Returns. It was Alice's weapon for slaying the Jabberwocky in the movie Alice in Wonderland.[further explanation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Gardner, Martin, ed. (1971) [1960]. The Annotated Alice. New York: The World Publishing Company. pp. 195–196.