The Croft Hotel
Croft-on-Tees shown within North Yorkshire
|OS grid reference|
|- London||210 mi (340 km) SSE|
|Shire county||North Yorkshire|
|Region||Yorkshire and the Humber|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||DL2 2|
|EU Parliament||Yorkshire and the Humber|
Croft-on-Tees is a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire, England. It has also been known as Croft Spa, and from which the former Croft Spa railway station took its name. It lies 11 miles (18 km) north-north west of the county town of Northallerton.
The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Crofst. It makes no mention of any lord of the manor prior to the Norman conquest, but names Enisant Musard as lord after 1086, granted to him by Count Alan of Brittany. The lands were subject to many years of dispute until the 13th century. In 1205, King John settled the issue by granting the lands to Roald the Constable of Richmonmd. His heirs inherited the title until 1299 when they were succeeded by Henry le Scrope of Bolton. Thereafter the lands were held under the Scropes by the Clervaux family. They held the manor until 1590 when the direct male line ceased, but Clervuax inheritance continued via marriage to the Chaytor family into the 20th century.
Croft was once significant for its spa, first noticed in 1668, and as early as 1713 the sulphurous spring water had acquired such fame that it was sold in London as a cure for ailments and diseases as described in Robert Willan's study of the sulphur water at Croft, published London 1782. A.B.Granville's description of the "Old Well" and the "New Well" described the Croft Spa for which the railway station was both opened and named. was published in 1841.
The village was once served by its railway station on the East Coast Main Line. The railway still passes near Croft but the station, which was opened in 1841, closed in 1968 and has been demolished.
Geography and governance
3 miles (4.8 km) south of Darlington, Croft stands on the opposite side of the River Tees from Hurworth-on-Tees between Claw Beck and Spa Beck and is situated on the A167. The bridge over the Tees between Croft and Hurworth marks the boundary between North Yorkshire and County Durham. The exact point of transition is the fourth of the seven arches. It is a Grade I listed building. The settlements of Eryholme and Dalton-on-Tees are also within three miles of the village.
According to the 2001 UK Census, the parish was 50.6% male and 49.4% female of the total population of 427. The religious make-up was 86.4% Christian with the rest stating no religion. The ethnic distribution was 100% White. There were 180 dwellings.
According to the 2011 UK Census, the parish had a total population of 466 with 50% male and 50% female. The religious make-up was 75.5% Christian, a small Hindu minority, with the rest stating no religion. The ethnic distribution was 97.8% White with a small Mixed Ethnic and British Asian minority . There were 198 dwellings.
Lewis Carroll lived in Croft from 1843 to 1850. His father the Revd Charles Dodgson was Rector of Croft and Archdeacon of Richmond from 1843 to 1868. Carroll's photo of the niece of Alfred Lord Tennyson's wife was taken at Croft  Historians believe Lewis Carroll's Cheshire Cat in the book Alice in Wonderland was inspired by a carving in Croft Church.
The village is served for Primary education by Croft CE Primary School which caters for ages 3 to 11 and has a capacity of 105. It lies within the catchment areas of both Allertonshire School and Northallerton College and also Richmond School for secondary education.
The village church, St Peter's, is a 14th-century style building situated on the bank of the Tees. It is a Grade I listed building.
- Croft-on-Tees in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
- "History". Retrieved 14 December 2013.
- Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. pp. 413–416. ISBN 1-86150-299-0.
- Watts (2011). Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names. Cambridge University Press. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-521-16855-7.
- A.D. Mills (1998). Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford Paperbacks. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-19-280074-9.
- Robert Willan, M D, Observations on the Sulphur-Water, at Croft, Near Darlington 
- Biff Vernon, A1-The Great North Road, Croft-on-Tees
- Granville, A.B. 1841 The Spas of England - Northern Spas London: Henry Colburn. Reprinted 1971, Bath: Adams & Dent.
- Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 70. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199.
- "Disused station". Retrieved 23 December 2013.
- Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane's. ISBN 0-354-08536-0.
- English Heritage. "Croft Bridge (Grade I) (1116440)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
- Ordnance Survey Open Viewer
- "Population at Censuses". Vision of Britain. 2009. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
- "2001 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2002. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "2011 UK Census". Office for National Statistics. 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- Clark, Ann (1979). Lewis Carroll: A Biography. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. ISBN 0-460-04302-1.
- Lewis Carroll and Croft Church
- Gardner, Martin (2000). The Annotate Alice: The Definitive Edition. New York / London: W.W. Norton and Company. p. 62. ISBN 0-393-04847-0.
- "Crpft CE Primary School". Ofsted. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
- "Secondary school Admissions". North Yorkshire Council. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
- English Heritage National Monuments Record, Croft Spa Hotel, Croft on Tees
- English Heritage. "Church of St Peter (Grade I) (1301945)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 December 2013.
Media related to Croft-on-Tees at Wikimedia Commons