William Zouche

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The Most Reverend
William Zouche
Archbishop of York
Church Roman Catholic
Elected 2 May 1340
Installed unknown
Term ended 19 July 1352
Predecessor William Melton
Successor John of Thoresby
Other posts Dean of York
Orders
Consecration 7 July 1342
by Pope Clement VI
Personal details
Died 19 July 1352
Cawood Palace
Buried York Minster

William Zouche or William de la Zouche, (died 19 July 1352 at Cawood Palace, North Yorkshire) was a medieval treasury official and Archbishop of York.

He was probably the younger son of Roger la Zouche of Lubbesthorpe in Leicestershire, who died in 1302. If this is correct, he must have been born after 1392-93, when his older brother was born.[1]

Zouche entered the treasury and was appointed Keeper of the Great Wardrobe in 1329 (until 1334). In 1335 he was named Lord Privy Seal, having already been controller of the (household) wardrobe from 1334 to 1335 and Dean of York.[2] In 1337 he was given the position of Lord High Treasurer, which he held until March 1338, and then once more was Treasurer from December 1338 to May 1340.[3]

Zouche was appointed Archdeacon of Barnstaple in 1329.[4] On 12 July 1330, he was collated Archdeacon of Exeter.[5]

Upon the death of Archbishop Melton of York, King Edward III wanted his secretary, William of Kildesby elected to the post.[citation needed] However, the canons of York elected Zouche, their Dean, on 2 May 1340.[6] The king endeavoured to set aside the election, but without effect, and, after a delay of two years, Zouche was consecrated, at Avignon, by Pope Clement VI on 7 July 1342.[6]

Zouche had been employed by Edward III before his elevation to the see, but had fallen into disfavour. He was not forgiven until the year 1346, when he was made a Warden of the Marches. In this capacity, he led one of the bodies of English troops which defeated the Scots at the Battle of Neville's Cross, close to Durham, on 18 October 1346. The King was extremely thankful and Archbishop Zouche was asked to continue his careful watch over the border.

While archbishop, the plague known as the Black Death hit England and his diocese, and Zouche had to take action in 1349 to ensure extra burial grounds were consecrated and get approval from the pope to ordain replacement clergy.[7]

Zouche died on 19 July 1352[6] at Cawood Palace and was buried before the altar of St. Edward in the nave of York Minster. He founded, and himself began the building of, a chantry adjoining south wall of the choir. This must have been taken down, when Thoresby's choir (wider than the old one) was built and no trace of it remains.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Bennett, William Zouche
  2. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 94
  3. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 104
  4. ^ British History – Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541 – Archdeacons of Barnstaple
  5. ^ British History – Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541 – Archdeacons of Exeter
  6. ^ a b c Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 282
  7. ^ Raine Historical Letters and Papers from the Northern Registers pp. 401–402

References[edit]

  • Bennett, Nicholas (2004). "Zouche, William (d. 1352)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30303. Retrieved 5 November 2013.  (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  • Raine, James (ed) (1873). Historical Letters and Papers from the Northern Registers. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Tawton
Lord Privy Seal
1335–1337
Succeeded by
Richard Bintworth
Preceded by
Henry Burghersh
Lord High Treasurer
1337–1338
Succeeded by
Robert Wodehouse
Preceded by
Robert Wodehouse
Lord High Treasurer
1338–1340
Succeeded by
Robert Sadington
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
William Melton
Archbishop of York
1342–1352
Succeeded by
John of Thoresby

 This article incorporates text from Handbook to the Cathedral's of England, Vol. 1, Part 2, by Richard John King, a publication from 1869 now in the public domain in the United States.