Thomas Lamplugh (1615 – 5 May 1691) was an English churchman who became Archbishop of York
He was the son of Christopher Lamplugh of Thwing, Yorkshire and his wife Anne, daughter and coheir of Thomas Roper of Octon in East Yorkshire. Many sources incorrectly cite his father as Thomas, a MP for Cumberland, whose family had been seated at Dovenby in that county for a number of generations. There is an interpolation in the parish register of Lamplugh, Cumbria which has his baptism taking place on 13 June 1615. He was Dean of Rochester from 1673, and, from 1676, Bishop of Exeter. While in Exeter, he retained the Rochester deanery in commendam until his translation to York in 1688.
On receiving the news of the arrival of William of Orange at Brixham in Torbay, Bishop Lamplugh delivered a public address, in which he exhorted the people of his diocese to remain faithful to King James II. He fled to London, together with Dr. Annesley, the Dean. As a reward for Lamplugh's loyalty, James procured him the Archbishopric of York, which had been kept vacant for two years. He was confirmed in his new see before William's arrival in London, but his Jacobitism was of no very profound character and did not prevent him from assisting at William's coronation. He died at Bishopthorpe on 5 May 1691, and was buried in York Minster on 8 May 1691.
J. B. Morell (York Monuments p. 38) states that Lamplugh's monument in York Minster shows him "standing, appropriately grasping the pastoral staff that he finally secured by making his views agree with those in power as each change took place – he was a veritable Vicar of Bray. Drake quotes the French proverb: "To lie like an epitaph", and it might well be applied to the one on this monument, which reads: "At length, though he had solicitously declined that dignity, he was promoted to this metropolitan see ... "
Lamplugh married Katherine Davenant on 25 November 1663 in Gillingham, Dorset and had five children. His surviving son was John Lamplugh, D.D. 
- Venables, Edmund (1892). "Lamplugh, Thomas". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 32. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Handley, Stuart. "Lamplugh, Thomas (bap. 1615, d. 1691)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15956. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- A R Jabez-Smith, "An Interpolation in a Lamplugh Parish Register", Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archaeological Society, Volume LXI, 1961
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