Archbishop of York
The Archbishop of York is a high-ranking cleric in the Church of England, second only to the Archbishop of Canterbury. He is the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of York and metropolitan of the Province of York, which covers the northern portion of England (north of the Trent) as well as the Isle of Man. The archbishop is a member ex officio of the House of Lords, and is styled Primate of England. (The Archbishop of Canterbury is "Primate of All England".)
His throne is in York Minster in central York and his official residence is Bishopthorpe Palace in the village of Bishopthorpe, outside York. The incumbent, since 5 October 2005, is John Sentamu. He signs +Sentamu Ebor: (since both John and Sentamu are his forenames).
There was a bishop in York (L. Eboracum) from very early Christian times; during the Middle Ages, it was thought to have been one of the dioceses established by the pseudohistorical Lucius of Britain. Bishops of York are known to have been present at the Councils of Arles and Nicaea. However, this early Christian community was later destroyed by the pagan Saxons and there is no direct succession from these bishops to the post-Augustinian ones.
Saxon, Viking and Medieval 
The diocese was refounded by Paulinus (a member of Augustine's mission) in the 7th century. Notable among these early bishops is Wilfrid. These early bishops of York acted as diocesan rather than archdiocesan prelates until the time of Ecgbert of York, who received the pallium from Pope Gregory III in 735 and established metropolitan rights in the north. Until the Danish invasion the archbishops of Canterbury occasionally exercised authority, and it was not till the Norman Conquest that the archbishops of York asserted their complete independence.
At the time of the Norman invasion York had jurisdiction over Worcester, Lichfield, and Lincoln, as well as the dioceses in the Northern Isles and Scotland. But the first three sees just mentioned were taken from York in 1072. In 1154 the suffragan sees of the Isle of Man and Orkney were transferred to the Norwegian archbishop of Nidaros (today's Trondheim), and in 1188 all the Scottish dioceses except Whithorn were released from subjection to York, so that only the dioceses of Whithorn, Durham, and Carlisle remained to the Archbishops as suffragan sees. Of these, Durham was practically independent, for the palatine bishops of that see were little short of sovereigns in their own jurisdiction. Sodor and Man were returned to York during the fourteenth century, to compensate for the loss of Whithorn to the Scottish Church.
Several of the archbishops of York held the ministerial office of Lord Chancellor of England and played some parts in affairs of state. As Peter Heylyn (1600–1662) wrote: "This see has yielded to the Church eight saints, to the Church of Rome three cardinals, to the realm of England twelve Lord Chancellors and two Lord Treasurers, and to the north of England two Lord Presidents." The bishopric's role was also complicated by continued conflict over primacy with the see of Canterbury.
At the time of the English Reformation, York possessed three suffragan sees, Durham, Carlisle and Sodor and Man, to which during the brief space of Queen Mary I's reign (1553–1558) may be added the Diocese of Chester, founded by Henry VIII, but subsequently recognised by the Pope.
Until 1559 the bishops and archbishops were in communion with the pope in Rome. This is no longer the case, as the Archbishop of York, together with the rest of the Church of England, is a member of the Anglican Communion.
Walter de Grey purchased York Place in London, which after the fall of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, was renamed the Palace of Whitehall. The Archbishop of York is the metropolitan bishop of the Province of York and is the junior of the two archbishops of the Church of England, after the Archbishop of Canterbury. Since 5 October 2005, the incumbent is the Most Reverend John Sentamu.
The archbishop's throne is in York Minster in central York and his official residence is Bishopthorpe Palace in the village of Bishopthorpe, outside York.
The Province of York includes the 12 Anglican dioceses north of the Midlands as well as the Diocese of Southwell (Nottinghamshire) and the Diocese of Sodor and Man (the Isle of Man). The archbishop is also a member ex officio of the House of Lords.
List of archbishops 
|Bishops of York|
|626||633||Paulinus||Formerly a monk at St. Andrew's Monastery in Rome; translated to Rochester; canonised.|
|664||669||Chad of Mercia||Resigned the see of York; later became Bishop of Mercia and Lindsey; canonised.|
|664||678||Wilfrid (I)||Ejected from York; later became Bishop of Selsey; canonised.|
|706||714||John of Beverley||Translated from Hexham; resigned the see; canonised in 1037.|
|714||732||Wilfrid (II)||Resigned the see; canonised.|
|c. 732||735||Ecgbert||York elevated to Archbishopric in 735.|
|Pre-Conquest Archbishops of York|
|735||766||Ecgbert||York elevated to Archbishopric in 735.|
|c. 767||c. 780||Æthelbert||Also known as Æthelbeorht, Adalberht, Ælberht, Aelberht, Aldbert or Æthelbert.|
|c. 780||796||Eanbald (I)|
|796||c. 808||Eanbald (II)|
|c. 808||c. 834||Wulfsige|
|854||c. 896||Wulfhere||Fled the Danes in 872, returned in 873.|
|900||c. 916||Æthelbald||Sometimes known as Æthelbeald, Athelbald, or Ethelbald.|
|c. 916||931||Hrotheweard||Sometimes known as Lodeward.|
|c. 958||971||Oscytel||Translated from Dorchester; also known as Oscytel.|
|971||Edwald||Also known as Edwaldus or Ethelwold.|
|971||992||Oswald of Worcester||Held both the sees of York and Worcester; canonised.|
|995||1002||Ealdwulf||Held both the sees of York and Worcester.|
|1002||1023||Wulfstan (II)||Held both the sees of York and Worcester until 1016; also known as Lupus.|
|1023||1041||Ælfric Puttoc||Held the sees of York and Worcester 1040–41; ejected from both in 1041.|
|1041||1042||Æthelric||Elected Archbishop in 1041, but was quashed in 1042.|
|1042||1051||Ælfric Puttoc (again)||Restored to York only.|
|1051||1060||Cynesige||Also known as Kynsige.|
|1061||1069||Ealdred||Held the see of Worcester 1046-61, of Hereford 1056-60, and of York 1061-69; also known as Aldred.|
Conquest to Reformation 
|Archbishops of York (Conquest to Reformation)|
|1070||1100||Thomas of Bayeux||Also known as Thomas (I).|
|1100||1108||Gerard||Translated from Hereford.|
|1119||1140||Thurstan||He was elected in 1114, but wasn't consecrated until 1119.|
|1140||Waltheof of Melrose||Nominated Archbishop, but was quashed by King Stephen; later became Abbot of Melrose.|
|1140||Henry de Sully||Abbot of Fécamp Abbey. Nominated Archbishop, but was quashed by Pope Innocent II.|
|1143||1147||William (FitzHerbert)||Deposed by Pope Eugene III; canonised in 1226.|
|1147||1147||Hilary of Chichester||Deposed by Pope Eugene III, elected Bishop of Chichester.|
|1147||1153||Henry Murdac||Formerly Abbot of Fountains Abbey.|
|1153||1154||William (FitzHerbert) (again)||Restored by Pope Anastasius IV; canonised in 1226.|
|1154||1181||Roger de Pont L'Évêque||Formerly Archdeacon of Canterbury.|
|1191||1212||Geoffrey (Plantagenet)||Formerly Bishop-elect of Lincoln; elected Archbishop in 1189, but was only consecrated in 1191.|
|1215||Simon Langton||Elected Archbishop of York in June 1215, but was quashed on 20 August 1215 by Pope Innocent III on request from King John; later became Archdeacon of Canterbury.|
|1216||1255||Walter de Gray||Translated from Worcester.|
|1256||1258||Sewal de Bovil||Formerly Dean of York.|
|1258||1265||Godfrey Ludham||Formerly Dean of York; also known as Godfrey Kineton.|
|1265||William Langton||Dean of York (1262–1279); elected Archbishop in March 1265, but was quashed in November 1265.|
|1265||1266||Bonaventure||Selected as Archbishop in November 1265, but never consecrated and resigned the appointment in October 1266.|
|1266||1279||Walter Giffard||Translated from Bath and Wells.|
|1279||1285||William de Wickwane|
|1286||1296||John le Romeyn||Also known as John Romanus.|
|1298||1299||Henry of Newark||Formerly Dean of York.|
|1300||1304||Thomas of Corbridge|
|1306||1315||William Greenfield||Formerly Dean of Chichester|
|1342||1352||William Zouche||Also known as William de la Zouche.|
|1353||1373||Cardinal John of Thoresby||Translated from Worcester; created a Cardinal in 1361.|
|1374||1388||Alexander Neville||Translated to St Andrew's in 1388.|
|1388||1396||Thomas Arundel||Translated from Ely; translated to Canterbury.|
|1397||1398||Robert Waldby||Translated from Chichester.|
|1398||1398||Walter Skirlaw||Bishop of Durham, elected but put aside by King Richard II.|
|1398||1405||Richard le Scrope||Translated from Lichfield.|
|1405||1406||Thomas Langley||Elected Archbishop in August 1405, but was quashed in May 1406.|
|1406||1407||Robert Hallam||Nominated Archbishop in May 1406 by Pope Innocent VII, but was vetoed by King Henry IV.|
|1407||1423||Henry Bowet||Translated from Bath and Wells.|
|1423||1424||Philip Morgan||Elected Archbishop in 1423, but was quashed in 1424.|
|1424||1425||Richard Fleming||Conferred as Archbishop by Pope Martin V, but was refused by King Henry V, and Fleming resigned the appointment in July 1425.|
|1426||1452||Cardinal John Kemp||Translated from London; created a Cardinal in 1439; translated to Canterbury.|
|1452||1464||William Booth||Translated from Lichfield.|
|1465||1476||George Neville||Translated from Exeter.|
|1476||1480||Lawrence Booth||Translated from Durham.|
|1480||1500||Thomas Rotherham||Translated from Lincoln.|
|1501||1507||Thomas Savage||Translated from London.|
|1508||1514||Cardinal Christopher Bainbridge||Translated from Durham; created a Cardinal in 1511.|
|1514||1530||Cardinal Thomas Wolsey||Translated from Lincoln in 1514; created a Cardinal in 1515; held with Bath and Wells 1518-23, Durham 1523-29 and Winchester 1529-30.|
|Post-Reformation Archbishops of York|
|1531||1544||Edward Lee||Translated from St David's.|
|1545||1554||Robert Holgate||Translated from Llandaff.|
|1555||1559||Nicholas Heath||Translated from Worcester.|
|1561||1568||Thomas Young||Translated from St David's.|
|1570||1576||Edmund Grindal||Translated from London; translated to Canterbury.|
|1577||1588||Edwin Sandys||Translated from London.|
|1589||1594||John Piers||Translated from Salisbury.|
|1595||1606||Matthew Hutton||Translated from Durham.|
|1606||1628||Tobias Matthew||Translated from Durham.|
|1628||George Montaigne||Translated from Durham.|
|1629||1631||Samuel Harsnett||Translated from Norwich.|
|1632||1640||Richard Neile||Translated from Winchester.|
|1641||1650||John Williams||Translated from Lincoln.|
|1660||1664||Accepted Frewen||Translated from Lichfield.|
|1664||1683||Richard Sterne||Translated from Carlisle.|
|1683||1686||John Dolben||Translated from Rochester.|
|1688||1691||Thomas Lamplugh||Translated from Exeter.|
|1691||1714||John Sharp||Formerly Dean of Canterbury.|
|1714||1724||Sir William Dawes||Translated from Chester.|
|1724||1743||Lancelot Blackburne||Translated from Exeter.|
|1743||1747||Thomas Herring||Translated from Bangor; translated to Canterbury.|
|1747||1757||Matthew Hutton||Translated from Bangor; translated to Canterbury.|
|1757||1761||John Gilbert||Translated from Salisbury.|
|1761||1776||The Hon Robert Hay Drummond||Translated from Salisbury.|
|1776||1807||William Markham||Translated from Chester.|
|1808||1847||The Hon Edward Venables-Vernon
from 1831: The Hon Edward Venables-Vernon-Harcourt
|Translated from Carlisle.|
|1847||1860||Thomas Musgrave||Translated from Hereford.|
|1860||1862||Charles Longley||Translated from Durham; translated to Canterbury.|
|1862||1890||William Thomson||Translated from Gloucester.|
|1891||William Magee||Translated from Peterborough.|
|1891||1908||William Maclagan||Translated from Lichfield.|
|1909||1928||Cosmo Gordon Lang||Translated from Stepney; translated to Canterbury.|
|1929||1942||William Temple||Translated from Manchester; translated to Canterbury.|
|1942||1955||Cyril Garbett||Translated from Winchester.|
|1956||1961||Michael Ramsey||Translated from Durham; translated to Canterbury.|
|1961||1974||Donald Coggan||Translated from Bradford; translated to Canterbury.|
|1975||1983||Stuart Blanch||Translated from Liverpool.|
|1983||1995||John Habgood||Translated from Durham.|
|1995||2005||David Hope||Translated from London.|
|2005||present||John Sentamu||Translated from Birmingham.|
See also 
- Crockford's Clerical Directory 2008/2009 (100th edition), Church House Publishing (ISBN 978-0-7151-1030-0).
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third Edition, revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 224, 281–283. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- British History Online Archbishops of York 1066-1300 Retrieved on 21 November 2008.
- St. Paulinus, Archbishop of York. Retrieved on 20 November 2008.
- William de Langeton alias of Rotherfield. Retrieved on 20 November 2008.
- John Cardinal Thoresby. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved on 20 November 2008.
- John Cardinal Kempe. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved on 20 November 2008.
- Christopher Cardinal Bainbridge. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved on 20 November 2008.
- Thomas Cardinal Wolsey. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved on 20 November 2008.
- The Archbishop of York. The official website of Dr John Sentamu, Archbishop of York. Retrieved on 21 November 2008.
Further reading 
Story, Joanna (August 2012). "Bede, Willibrord and the Letters of Pope Honorius I on the Genesis of the Archbishopric of York". English Historical Review. cxxvii (527): 783–818.