Yorkton

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Yorkton
Downtown on Broadway Street
Downtown on Broadway Street
Flag of Yorkton
Flag
Motto: "Where Good Things Happen"
Yorkton is located in Saskatchewan
Yorkton
Yorkton
Coordinates: 51°12′50″N 102°27′46″W / 51.21389°N 102.46278°W / 51.21389; -102.46278
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Incorporated Village July 15, 1894
Incorporated Town 1900
Incorporated City February 1, 1928
Government
 • Mayor Bob Maloney
 • MLA Greg Ottenbreit
 • MP Garry Breitkreuz
Area
 • Total 25.77 km2 (9.95 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 498.30 m (1,634.84 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 15,669
 • Density 608.1/km2 (1,575/sq mi)
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CST (UTC−6)
Postal code span S3N
Area code(s) 306
Highways The Yellowhead Trans Canada Highway
Hwy 52, Hwy 10, Hwy 9, the Saskota Flyway
Post office established January 1, 1884
Website City of Yorkton
[3][4][5][6][7]

Yorkton is a city located in southeastern Saskatchewan, Canada, near the Manitoba border. Founded and incorporated in 1882 by a group of settlers from Ontario, it has grown to 15,038 residents as of the 2006 census.[2] The city is bordered by the Rural Municipality of Orkney No. 244 and the Rural Municipality of Wallace No. 243.

History[edit]

A group of settlers from York County, Ontario, established the York City settlement in 1882.[8] They had been recruited by the York Farmers Colonization Company and originally founded York Colony on the banks of the small Whitesand river about 3 miles (4.8 km) north of the site of the modern city.[9] York City remained here until 1893. Yorkton has expanded, and the original settlement was approximately located where Yorkton airport is now located.[10]

The York Farmers Colonization Company, with Ontario Member of Parliament N. Clark Wallace as president, and a capital shareholders' investment of CA$300,000 was incorporated May 12, 1882.[11] ($300,000 then is equivalent to $7.33 million in present day terms.[12][13][14] Earlier in the year, a group of Toronto businessmen had met to discuss a plan to invest in the opening of lands for homesteading in Western Canada, specifically in the newly created Provisional Assiniboia, North West Territories.[15]

Geography[edit]

Yorkton is located in the aspen parkland ecosystem.[11] The terrain is mainly one of agriculture and there is no forestry industry.[16] It is also in an area of black calcareous chernozemic soils.[11][16] The Yorkton area was located on the edge of an area of a maximum glacial lake.[16] The quaternary geology has left the area as a moraine plain consisting of glacial deposits.[11] The bedrock geology is the pembina member of Vermillion River Formation and Riding Mountain Formation. Yorkton is located in the physiographic region of the Quill Lake-Yorkton Plain region of the Saskatchewan Plains Region.[16]

Government[edit]

The city of Yorkton has a mayor as the highest ranking government official. The city also elects aldermen or councillors to form the municipal council. Currently the mayor is Bob Maloney. He is serving with councillors Larry Pearen, Chris Wyatt, Randy Goulden, Les Arenelien, James Wilson, and Ross Fisher.[17]

Provincially, Yorkton is within the constituency of Yorkton served by Member of the Legislative Assembly Greg Ottenbreit of the Saskatchewan Party.[5]

Yorkton—Melville is represented in the House of Commons of Canada by Garry Breitkreuz of the Conservative Party of Canada. From 1968 to 1993, Yorkton was represented by Lorne Nystrom of the New Democratic Party.

Climate[edit]

Yorkton has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), with extreme seasonal temperatures. It has warm summers and cold winters, with the average daily temperatures ranging from −17.9 °C (−0.2 °F) in January to 17.8 °C (64.0 °F) in July.

Climate Data Table[edit]

Information for this data table was transcribed from the nearest Environment Canada weather station with a complete available, reliable, data set. In this case Yorkton Municipal Airport (YQV).

Climate data for Yorkton, SK (YQV)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex 6.7 10.4 21.1 29.9 37.5 42.7 43.4 44.7 37.3 30.2 20 12.4 44.7
Record high °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
11
(52)
21.1
(70)
31.1
(88)
38.4
(101.1)
37
(99)
38.9
(102)
38.3
(100.9)
36.1
(97)
30.6
(87.1)
20.6
(69.1)
12.7
(54.9)
38.9
(102)
Average high °C (°F) −11.4
(11.5)
−7.6
(18.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
9.3
(48.7)
17.3
(63.1)
21.7
(71.1)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75)
17.5
(63.5)
9.5
(49.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
−6.1
(21)
7.7
(45.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−12.8
(9)
−6.7
(19.9)
3.2
(37.8)
10.4
(50.7)
15.5
(59.9)
17.9
(64.2)
17.1
(62.8)
11.1
(52)
3.7
(38.7)
−6.3
(20.7)
−14.1
(6.6)
1.9
(35.4)
Average low °C (°F) −22
(−8)
−18
(0)
−11.9
(10.6)
−2.9
(26.8)
3.5
(38.3)
9.2
(48.6)
11.5
(52.7)
10.2
(50.4)
4.7
(40.5)
−2.2
(28)
−10.9
(12.4)
−19
(−2)
−4
(25)
Record low °C (°F) −46.1
(−51)
−41.8
(−43.2)
−42.8
(−45)
−27.2
(−17)
−13.5
(7.7)
−1.7
(28.9)
1
(34)
−2.3
(27.9)
−12.2
(10)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−37.5
(−35.5)
−42.2
(−44)
−46.1
(−51)
Wind chill −58.4 −58 −52 −40 −16.5 −4.9 0 −5.7 −12.9 −29.6 −45.8 −55.6 −58.4
Precipitation mm (inches) 16
(0.63)
11.2
(0.441)
20
(0.79)
21.6
(0.85)
51.3
(2.02)
80.1
(3.154)
78.2
(3.079)
62.2
(2.449)
44.9
(1.768)
26.5
(1.043)
16.4
(0.646)
21
(0.83)
449.3
(17.689)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.2
(0.008)
0.4
(0.016)
3.6
(0.142)
11.7
(0.461)
48.3
(1.902)
49.9
(1.965)
78.2
(3.079)
62.2
(2.449)
43.5
(1.713)
19.2
(0.756)
2.1
(0.083)
0.5
(0.02)
349.6
(13.764)
Snowfall cm (inches) 20
(7.9)
12.7
(5)
18.1
(7.13)
11.1
(4.37)
3.4
(1.34)
0.2
(0.08)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(0.55)
8.5
(3.35)
17.2
(6.77)
24.8
(9.76)
117.4
(46.22)
Avg. precipitation days 11.36 8.62 9.91 9.54 15.64 20.96 19.05 16.3 13.48 10.43 9.23 12.11 157.4
Avg. rainy days 0.36 0.72 2.37 5.68 14.84 20.96 19.05 16.3 12.88 7.39 1.92 0.79 103
Avg. snowy days 12 8 7 3 1 0 0 0 1 4 9 11 58
 % humidity 70.3 69.8 66.1 50.4 43.8 50.3 52.5 49.6 50 54.7 69.1 72.3 58.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 104 132 174 230 268 268 315 286 196 155 109 89 2,316
Percent possible sunshine 40 47 47 55 56 54 63 63 51 47 37 36 50
Source: [18]

Extreme Weather Events[edit]

2010

On the evening of July 1, 2010, Yorkton received a severe thunderstorm warning. Soon after, Yorkton was having pea sized hail, strong winds, lightning and heavy rain. The rain created a flash flood. Broadway Street got the worst of the flood, local fast food restaurants were damaged, with one being completely destroyed.[19]

The City of Yorkton declared a State of Emergency on the flood. The Canadian Red Cross helped out with the victims of the flood.[20]

2014

On the weekend of June 29, 2014, Yorkton declared a State of Emergency after rain caused flash floods in south eastern Saskatchewan. [21]

Demographics[edit]

Historically the first settlers to the area at the Yorkton colony were English from Eastern Ontario and Great Britain. 6 miles (9.7 km) west were Scottish settlers at the settlement of Orkney.[22] A significant number of residents are also descended from immigrants from Ukraine who came in the early 20th century.

Doukhobor pilgrims leaving Yorkton to evangelize the world, 1902.
Historical population of Yorkton
Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2006 2011
Population 700 2,309 5,151 5,027 5,586 7,074 9,995 13,430 15,339 15,315 15,107 15,038 15,669

Infrastructure[edit]

Yorkton established its first hospital in 1902, and this was followed by a maternity care home which lasted a couple of decades.[11] The hospital is now a residential apartment. The current hospital, the Yorkton Regional Health Centre, is located on Bradbrooke Drive.

Transportation[edit]

On the Yellowhead Highway near Yorkton

Yorkton is strategically located on a network of highways; The Yellowhead Trans Canada Highway Hwy 52, Hwy 10, and Hwy 9, the Saskota Flyway.[10]

Yorkton was located on the Minnedosa, Saskatoon, Edmonton section of the Canadian Pacific Railway. The track travelled from northwest to southeast through Insinger, Theodore, Springside, Orcadia, to Yorkton, and continued through Rokeby, Clonmel, Saltcoats and Bredenbury. It is at Bredenbury that travellers experienced a time change, and set their watches one hour earlier going west along the line in the early twentieth century.

Yorkton was also located on the Melfort, Tisdale, Canora, Kamsack Canadian National Railways line. The track traveled from southwest to northeast through Melville, to Yorkton and continuing to Mehana, Ebenezer, Gorlitz, Burgis and Canora.

There was another CNR branch line through Yorkton, which travelled between Regina, Melville, The Pas, Swan River, and Kelvington, Saskatchewan. The line traveled from south to north through Melville, Brewer, McKim, Otthon, Enfin to Yorkton, and continued on through Young's Siding, Mehan, Ebenezer, Gorlitz, Burgis, and Canora.

The Neepawa, Manitoba, Yorkton, Willowbrook, and Parkerview CNR also ran through Yorkton. From south to north the railway stations along the line near Yorkton were Parkerview, Fitzmaurice, Jedburgh, Beaverdale, Willowbrook, Fonehill, to Yorkton, leaving to arrive at Calley, Strudee, Tonkin, Barbour, Barvas, Kessock, Wroxton, Stornoway, Rhein, Hampton, Donwell, Ross Junction, and Canora.

The Yorkton Municipal Airport (IATA: YQVICAO: CYQV), is located 2.8 nautical miles (5.2 km; 3.2 mi) north of Yorkton.[25][26] During the Second World War, an airport was built north of the city for the RCAF's No. 11 Service Flying Training School, now operated as the Yorkton Municipal Airport.

Media[edit]

Film Festivals[edit]

Film Festivals have been an enduring part of life in Yorkton since the projector spun to life in October of 1950. At that time the Yorkton International Documentary Film Festival was born.

The international component was dropped in 1977, deciding to focus on Canadian short film instead. The festival renamed itself the Yorkton Short Film Festival also in 1977.

In 2009 it became the Yorkton Film Festival.[27]

Newspapers[edit]

Weeklies
  • The Yorkton News Review [28]
  • Yorkton This Week [29]

Radio[edit]

Frequency Call sign Branding Format Owner Notes
AM 940 CJGX GX94 country music Harvard Broadcasting
FM 91.7 CBK-FM3 CBC Radio 2 public broadcasting Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Rebroadcaster for CBK-FM
FM 92.9 CJLR-FM-5 MBC Radio First Nations community radio Missinipi Broadcasting Corporation Rebroadcaster for CJLR-FM
FM 94.1 CFGW-FM Fox FM hot adult contemporary Harvard Broadcasting
FM 98.5 CJJC-FM 98.5 The Rock Christian music Dennis M. Dyck

[30]

Cable TV[edit]

Cable television services are supplied by Access Communications. Access is a Saskatchewan owned not for profit cooperative established in 1974. They also supply competitive home phone and internet service to the community.[31]

Defunct Broadcasters[edit]

The city was served by CKOS-TV channel 5; a private CBC Television outlet and *CICC-TV channel 10; a private CTV affiliate station.

Yorkton is also the former home to Image Wireless Communications, a wireless cable tv and Internet provider. The company was forced into receivership and the remaining assets transferred to Your-Link inc. on the 30th of June 2004.[32]

Education[edit]

Tertiary institutions[edit]

High schools[edit]

Sacred Heart High School (also known as SHHS or Sacred) was founded by the Sisters Servants of Mary Immaculate, and the school celebrated its 75th Anniversary in 1991.[33] Dream Builders is an alternative education program offering grades 6 through 12 with a work experience component.[34] Yorkton Regional High School (also known as the YRHS or The Regional) opened November 10, 1967 offering grades 9 to 12.[35]

Elementary schools[edit]

There are four separate Catholic elementary schools. St. Alphonsus Elementary School provides Kindergarten through Grade 8[36] St. Mary's Elementary School offers pre-kindergarten classes to grade 8.[37] St. Michael's Elementary School offers both English and French immersion from Kindergarten to grade 8.[38] St. Paul's Elementary School also belongs to the Christ the Teacher Catholic School Division, and provides Kindergarten to Grade 8 classes.[39]

The public elementary schools are also four in total. Columbia Elementary School has an approximate enrolment of 340 students and offers pre-Kindergarten to Grade 8.[40] Dr. Brass Elementary School is named after the dentist, Dr. David James Brass and offers pre-Kindergarten to Grade 8.[41] M.C. Knoll Elementary School opened in August 1998, and is named after Milton Clifford Knoll. .[42] Yorkdale Central School is also a part of Good Spirit School Division|Good Spirit School Division No. 204,and offers Kindergarten to Grade 8. [43][not in citation given]

Sports teams[edit]

The Yorkton Terriers are a team in the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League. The team plays their home games in the Farrell Agencies Arena which has a seating capacity of 2,300.[44] Yorkton Harvest are a Midget AAA ice hockey team and they are a member of the SMAAAHL. They play their home games at the Farrell Agencies Arena.[45]

Yorkton Cardinals are a baseball team playing in the Western Major Baseball League.[46]

The Yorkton Bulldogs are a box lacrosse team formed in 2003. They are a member of the Prairie Gold Lacrosse League.[47]

The Yorkton Regional Raiders are the Yorkton public High School sports teams.[48] The Sacred Heart Saints is the name for the sports teams of the Separate Sacred Heart High School.[49]

Military[edit]

The 64th (Yorkton) Field Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery is garrisoned at the Yorkton Armouries.

During World War II the Yorkton airport was home to No. 23 Elementary Flying Training School and No. 11 Service Flying Training School - both schools being a part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Among the present users is a Gliding Centre, operated for the Royal Canadian Air Cadets.

Museums and points of interest[edit]

The Yorkton Gallagher centre is an entertainment complex constructed in 1977 by the civic government and the Yorkton Exhibition Association. Up until 2005, the facility was called the Parkland Agriplex and hosted an arena, curling rink, conference rooms and an indoor swimming pool. The Agriplex was built on the fair grounds until they moved in the early twentieth century.[50] Yorkton Tower Theatre is a single screen movie theatre built in the 1950s.[51]

Yorkton is home to a branch of the Saskatchewan Western Development Museum, which houses a number of exhibits depicting pioneer life in the town and on the surrounding prairie. The museum includes an early pioneer log home and an extensive outdoor exhibit of agricultural machinery, including early tractors and steam engines.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Yorkton Saskatchewan (City)". 2006 Community profiles. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 27 May 2009. 
  3. ^ National Archives, Archivia Net. "Post Offices and Postmasters". Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  4. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, MRD Home. "Municipal Directory System". Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  5. ^ a b Canadian Textiles Institute. (2005). "CTI Determine your provincial constituency". Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  6. ^ Commissioner of Canada Elections, Chief Electoral Officer of Canada (2005). "Elections Canada On-line". Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  7. ^ "City of Yorkton - History and Folklore Summary - 1890 to 1899". 1995–2009. Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  8. ^ http://yorkton.ca/history/earlystory/index.asp
  9. ^ Henry Kelsey Public School Grade 7 class (1975). E.T. Russell, ed. What's In A Name?. Saskatoon: Modern Press Western Producer Prairie Books. 
  10. ^ a b Barry, Bill (2003). People Places contemporary Saskatchewan Place Names. Regina, Saskatchewan: People Places Publishing Ltd. p. 275. ISBN 1-894022-92-0. 
  11. ^ a b c d e Thorpe, J. (1999). "Natural Vegetation". In Kai-iu Fung, Bill Barry, Wilson, Michael. Atlas of Saskatchewan Celebrating the Millennium (Millennium ed.) (Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan). pp. 130–131, 84–85, 63, 56. ISBN 0-88880-387-7. 
  12. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  13. ^ "A History of the Canadian Dollar". Le Site De Justiceplus - The Justiceplus Site. Archived from the original on 2008-12-21. Retrieved 2008-12-28.  Rationale to use US currency converson template. $10 Canadian was equivalent to US$10 gold eagle 1851-1867. 1879-1914 the US and Canadian dollar traded again at par.
  14. ^ "The Canadian Dollar under the Gold Standard (1854-1914)" (pdf). Bank of Canada. Retrieved 2008-12-28.  Rationale to use US currency converson template. Bank of Canada notes that from 1854-1914 the US and Canadian dollar traded at par)
  15. ^ "City of Yorkton - History - Early Story". City of Yorkton. 1995–2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  16. ^ a b c d Coupland, R.T. (1969). "Natural Vegetation of Saskatchewan". In J.H. Richards, K.I. Fung. Atlas of Saskatchewan. J.S. Rowe. Saskatoon, SK, CA: University of Saskatchewan. pp. 51, 76–77, 70–71. 
  17. ^ "City Hall - City Council". City of Yorkton. 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  18. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals (1981-2010)". Environment Canada. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Flood emergency declared in Yorkton, Sask.". CBC. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Flooding prompts evacuations in Yorkton, Sask". CTV NEWS. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Monsoon déjà vu". Yorkton This Week. July 2, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "Tourism - Yorkton". Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  23. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  24. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  25. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 29 May 2014 to 0901Z 24 July 2014
  26. ^ Aircraft Movement Statistics: Airports Without Air Traffic Control Towers (TP 577) Movements from Statistics Canada.
  27. ^ "Golden Sheaf Awards". Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  28. ^ "The Yorkton News - Yorkton News, Events and Classifieds". Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Yorkton News, Events & Classifieds". Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Radio and TV Station Lists". CRTC. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  31. ^ "My Access". Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  32. ^ "ARCHIVED - Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2004-59". Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  33. ^ "Sacred Heart High School Home". Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  34. ^ "Welcome to Dreambuilders". Christ the Teacher Catholic School Division. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. [dead link]
  35. ^ "Yorkton Regional High School - "Raiders in search of The Great Pumpkin"". Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  36. ^ "Welcome to St. Alphonsus School". Christ the Teacher Catholic School Division. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. [dead link]
  37. ^ "Welcome to St. Mary's School". Christ the Teacher Catholic School Division. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. [dead link]
  38. ^ "Welcome to St. Michael's School". Christ the Teacher Catholic School Division. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. [dead link]
  39. ^ "Welcome to St. Paul's". Christ the Teacher Catholic School Division. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. [dead link]
  40. ^ "Columbia School". Good Spirit School Division. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  41. ^ "Dr. Brass Elementary School". Good Spirit School Division. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  42. ^ "M.C. Knoll Knights". Good Spirit School Division. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  43. ^ "Yorkdale Central School". Good Spirit School Division. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  44. ^ "Yorkton Terriers". 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  45. ^ "Yorkton Harvest". Prairie Sportslink. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  46. ^ "Yorkton Cardinals". 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  47. ^ "Yorkton Bulldogs". Versus Technologies Inc. 2005–2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  48. ^ "Yorkton High School Regional Raiders". Yorkton Regional High School. Good Spirit School Division. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  49. ^ "Sacred Heart High School" (pdf). 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  50. ^ "Admin About Us". The Yorkton Gallagher centre. Retrieved 2009-05-10. [dead link]
  51. ^ "Tower Theatre". Cinema Treasures. 2000–2008. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°12′50″N 102°27′46″W / 51.21389°N 102.46278°W / 51.21389; -102.46278