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Șchei (Bulgarian: шкеи, shkei) was an old Romanian exonym referring to the Bulgarians, especially in Transylvania and northern Wallachia. As a name, it has been preserved in the names of towns colonized in the 14th century by Bulgarians, in toponyms (Dealu Schiaului near Rășinari), hydronyms (Schiau River, tributary to the Argeş River), surnames (Schiau, Șchiau).[1] The word is thought to derive from Latin sclavis, a popular designation for the South Slavs (Bulgarians and Serbs in particular) that was also used in Albanian (in the form shqa and various dialectal variants[2]) until the 20th century.[3]

Șchei villages in Transylvania[edit]

Among the towns or neighbourhoods bearing that trace of Bulgarian settlement are:[1]

Other places in Transylvania that used to be inhabited by various waves of Bulgarians were Cergău Mare, Bungard, Vințu de Jos, Deva, Rusciori and Râșnov.[4]

Șchei villages in Wallachia[edit]


  1. ^ a b Mușlea, Șcheii de la Cergău…
  2. ^ Demiraj, Bardhyl (12 January 2009). "Sclavus "Slawe" im Albanischen: Sprach- und Kulturkontakt im Spiegel der Geschichte eines Ethnikons" (PDF). VideoOnline (in German). Munich: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
  3. ^ Гюзелев, Боян (2004). Албанци в Източните Балкани (PDF) (in Bulgarian). София: Международен център за изследване на малцинствата и културните взаимодействия. p. 13. ISBN 954-8872-45-5.
  4. ^ Балкански, Трансилванските (седмиградските) българи…
  5. ^ Rădvan, Laurențiu (2010). At Europe's Borders: Medieval Towns in the Romanian Principalities. Translated by Valentin Cîrdei. Brill. p. 267. ISBN 9789004180109.