ǂHaba language

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Not to be confused with the Qabekhoe dialect of Naro
Native to Botswana
  • Kalahari (Tshu–Khwe)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None
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ǂHaba (ǂHabá) is a variety of the Khoe languages spoken in Botswana. Traditionally included in the Gǁana dialect cluster, it appears to be closer to Naro. It is endangered, with most ǂHaba speaking Naro.


ǂHaba has the click inventory of Naro, with the glottalized series that not all Naro dialects have. There are seven tones in (bimoraic) roots with a nasal onset (high and mid level, high and low falling, mid–low, low–mid, and low–high), six tones with a voiceless onset, and four tones elsewhere (voiced but not nasal).



  • Hirosi Nakagawa (2011) 'ǂHaba Tonology'. 4th International Symposium on Khoisan Languages and Linguistics, Riezlern.

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