13th century in literature
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from 1250 in literature)
|Medieval and Renaissance literature|
- 1204 - The Imperial Library of Constantinople is destroyed by Christian knights of the Fourth Crusade and its contents burned or sold.
- 1211 - Hélinand of Froidmont begins compiling his Chronicon.
- 1226: By August - The biographical poem L'histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal, commissioned to commemorate the life of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (d. 1219), a rare example at this time of a life of a lay person, is completed, probably by a Tourangeau layman called John in the southern Welsh Marches.
- 1240 - Albert of Stade joins the Franciscan order and begins his chronicle.
- 1249: September 27 - Chronicler Guillaume de Puylaurens is present at the death of Raymond VII of Toulouse.
- 1251 - The carving of the Tripitaka Koreana, a collection of Buddhist scriptures recorded on some 81,000 wooden blocks, is completed.
- 1258: February 13 - The House of Wisdom in Baghdad is destroyed by forces of the Mongol Empire following the end of the Siege of Baghdad. It is said that the waters of the Tigris run black with ink from the enormous quantities of books flung into the river and red from the blood of the philosophers and scientists killed.
- 1274: May 1 - In Florence, the nine-year-old Dante Alighieri first sees the eight-year-old Beatrice, his lifelong muse.
- 1276 - Merton College, Oxford, is first recorded as having a collection of books, making its Library the world's oldest in continuous daily use.
- 1283 - Ram Khamhaeng, ruler of the Sukhothai Kingdom, creates the Thai alphabet (อักษรไทย), according to tradition.
- 1289 - Library of the Collège de Sorbonne, earliest predecessor of the Bibliothèque de la Sorbonne, is founded in Paris.
- 1298–1299 - Marco Polo dictates his Travels to Rustichello da Pisa while in prison in Genoa, according to tradition.
- 1300: Easter - The events of Dante's Divine Comedy take place.
- 13th century
- c. 1200
- early 13th century
- Ancrene Wisse
- Farid al-Din Attar - Mantiqu 't-Tayr (The Conference of the Birds)
- Codex Gigas
- Anonymus - Gesta Hungarorum
- Guido delle Colonne - Historia destructionis Troiae
- Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks ("The Saga of Hervar and Heidrek")
- Raghavanka - Harishchandra Kavya
- Wolfram von Eschenbach - Parzival
- 1205 - Lancelot-Grail
- c. 1208 - Saxo Grammaticus - Gesta Danorum
- c. 1210 - Gottfried von Strassburg - Tristan
- 1212 - Kamo no Chōmei - Hōjōki
- 1214 - Gervase of Tilbury - Otia Imperialia
- c. 1215
- c. 1217–1235 - Andayya - Kabbigara Kava ("Poets' Defender")
- 1220 - Ibn Hammad - Akhbar muluk bani Ubayd
- c. 1220s - Snorri Sturlusson - Prose Edda
- c. 1225
- 1227 - Brother Robert - Tristrams saga ok Ísöndar, an Old Norse translation of the Tristan and Iseult legend
- c. 1227 - Henry of Latvia - Livonian Chronicle of Henry
- c. 1230
- c. 1230s - Post-Vulgate Cycle
- c. 1240
- mid-13th century
- c. 1250–1266 - Poema de Fernán González
- c. 1250–1282 - Mechthild of Magdeburg - Das fließende Licht der Gottheit ("The Flowing Light of Divinity"; originally composed in Middle Low German)
- 1258–1273 - Rumi - Masnavi
- 1259 - Bonaventure - Itinerarium Mentis ad Deum ("Journey of the Mind to God")
- completed 1260 - Minhaj-i-Siraj - Tabaqat-i Nasiri
- c. 1260 - Sa'di - Gulistan, Bustan poets and texts in Persian
- 1263 - Bonaventure - Life of St. Francis of Assisi
- c. 1263 - Jacob van Maerlant - Der Naturen Bloeme
- c. 1264–1273 - Thomas Aquinas - Summa contra Gentiles
- c. 1264 - Jacob van Maerlant - De Spieghel Historiael
- c. 1270
- c. 1270–1278 - Witelo - Perspectiva
- 1274 - Bonvesin da la Riva - Libro de le tre scritture (Negra, Rubra, Aurea) (Western Lombard)
- c. 1275 - Jean de Meun - Second section of Romance of the Rose
- late 13th century
- c. 1280
- c. 1280s
- 1288 - Bonvesin da la Riva - De magnalibus urbis Mediolani ("On the Marvels of Milan")
- 1288-9 - Amir Khusrow - Qiran-us-Sa’dain ("Meeting of the Two Auspicious Stars") (masnavi)
- 1290s? - "Sir Patrick Spens" (Scottish ballad)
- 1293 - Dante Alighieri - La Vita Nuova
- 1294 - Amir Khusrow - Ghurratul-Kamal (diwan)
- c. 1295 - Mathieu of Boulogne - Liber lamentationum Matheoluli ("Book of the Lamentations of Matheolus")
- 1298 - Amir Khusrow - Khamsa-e-Nizami
- 1299 - Rustichello da Pisa - The Travels of Marco Polo
- c. 1300
- The Orphan of Zhao (趙氏孤兒 Zhaoshi guer)
- 1207: September 9 – Rumi, Persian poet (died 1273)
- c. 1212 – Ibn Sahl of Seville, poet (died 1251)
- 1214 – Sturla Þórðarson, Icelandic writer of sagas and politician (died 1284)
- 1225: January 28 – Thomas Aquinas, Italian philosopher and theologian (died 1274)
- 1240 or 1241 – Mechtilde, German religious writer and saint (died 1298)
- 1248 – Angela of Foligno Italian mystic and saint (died 1309)
- 1265 – Dante Alighieri, Italian poet (died 1321)
- 1266 (probable) – Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher and theologian (died 1308)
- 1275 – Dnyaneshwar, Maharashtrian sant and writer (died 1296)
- 1279 – Muktabai, Maharashtrian sant and Abhang poet (died 1297)
- 1283 (approximate)
- 1293 or 1294 – John of Ruysbroeck (Jan van Ruysbroeck), Flemish mystic (died 1381)
- Unknown year of birth – Thomas the Rhymer, Scottish laird and prophet
- Unknown - Palkuriki Somanatha, Telugu, Kannada and Sanskrit poet
- c. 1210 - Gottfried von Strassburg, German writer
- 1212 - Adam of Dryburgh, Anglo-Scots theologian (born c. 1140)
- 1223 - Gerald of Wales, Cambro-Norman churchman and topographer (born c. 1146)
- 1228 (probable) - Gervase of Tilbury, English lawyer, statesman and writer (born c. 1150)
- 1252 (probable) - Alberic of Trois-Fontaines, Cistercian chronicler
- 1253: October 9 - Robert Grosseteste, English churchman and scholar (born c. 1175)
- 1268 - Henry de Bracton, English lawyer (born c. 1210)
- 1273: December 17 - Rumi, Persian poet (born 1207)
- 1285 - Rutebeuf, French trouvère (born c. 1245)
- 1294 - Roger Bacon, English scholar (born c. 1214)
- John Arden's play Left-Handed Liberty (1965) is set around the creation of Magna Carta in England in 1215.
- Bradford, Ernle. The Great Betrayal: The Great Siege of Constantinople.
- Verkholantsev, Julia (2008). Ruthenica Bohemica. Vienna: Lit Verlag GmbH. p. 70. ISBN 978-3-7000-0851-4.
- Crouch, David (2004). "Marshal, William (I), fourth earl of Pembroke (c.1146–1219)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/18126. Retrieved 2013-11-05. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Shell-Gellasch, Amy (2005). From Calculus to Computers: Using the Last 200 Years of Mathematics History in the Classroom. Mathematical Association of America. p. 110. ISBN 0-88385-178-4.
- "Library & Archives - History". Oxford: Merton College. Retrieved 2012-05-08.
- Stam, David H. (January 2001). International Dictionary of Library Histories. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. pp. 880–. ISBN 978-1-57958-244-9.
- The Nibelungenlied: The Lay of the Nibelungs. Oxford University Press. 2010. p. xi. ISBN 978-0-19-923854-5.
- Wada, Yoko (2010). A Companion to Ancrene Wisse. Cambridge, UK: D.S. Brewer. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-84384-243-9.
- Beeman, William O. (1986). Language, Status and Power in Iran. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. p. 43. ISBN 0-253-33139-0.
- Black, Fiona C. (2006). The Recycled Bible: Autobiography, Culture, and the Space Between. Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-58983-146-9.
- Brand, Peter; Pertile, Lino, eds. (1999). "2 - Poetry. Francis of Assisi". The Cambridge History of Italian Literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-52166622-0. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 79–81. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.