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The year 1901 in architecture involved some significant events.
- Federal Court House and Post office for the Upper Midwest, the modern-day "Landmark Center", St. Paul, Minnesota, designed by Willoughby J. Edbrooke, is completed.
- Philadelphia City Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, designed by John McArthur, Jr., is completed, the world's tallest occupied masonry building.
- Stolp Town Hall, in modern-day Słupsk, Poland, designed by Karl Zaar with Rudolf Vahl, is opened.
- Union Station (Washington, D.C.), designed by Daniel Burnham and W. Pierce Anderson, is commissioned.
- Germantown Junction station, North Philadelphia, designed by Theophilus P. Chandler Jr., is completed.
- Moscow Vindavsky railway station, designed by Stanislav Brzhozovsky, is opened.
- Wardenclyffe Tower in Shoreham, New York, designed by Nikola Tesla and Stanford White is begun.
- Willits House in Highland Park, Illinois, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.
- Deanery Garden in Sonning, England, designed by Edwin Lutyens with garden by Gertrude Jekyll, is completed.
- Langer House in Vienna, designed by Jože Plečnik, is completed.
- Whitechapel Art Gallery in east London, designed by Charles Harrison Townsend, is opened.
- Horniman Museum in south London, designed by C. Harrison Townsend, is completed.
- The Génin-Louis Grain Shop in Nancy, designed by Henry Gutton and his nephew Henri Gutton, is built.
- The Vaxelaire Department Store in Nancy, designed by Émile André and Eugène Vallin, is completed.
- Jakarta Cathedral in the Dutch East Indies, completed by M. J. Hulswit following a design of 1891 by Pastor Antonius Dijkmans, is consecrated.
- The Glasgow International Exhibition (1901) is held with new architecture by James Millar and Charles Rennie Mackintosh and transplanted mock Tudor cottages from Port Sunlight.
- ^ Pelle, Kimberley D. "Glasgow 1901". In Findling, John E. Encyclopedia of World's Fairs and Expositions. McFarland & Company, Inc. pp. 164–5. ISBN 978-0-7864-3416-9.