1947 in Mandatory Palestine

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1947 in the British Mandate of Palestine



»»» 1948

See also:

1947 in the United Kingdom
Other events of 1947

Events in the year 1947 in the British Mandate of Palestine.



The Exodus after British takeover.
  • 7 January – The founding of the kibbutz Mivtahim.
  • 26 January - Irgun members kidnap a British intelligence officer two days before the planned execution date of the Irgun member Dov Gruner.
  • 27 January - Irgun members kidnap the British President of the district court of Tel Aviv.
  • 18 February - British Foreign Minister Ernest Bevin announces that the United Kingdom has decided to give up its mandate over Palestine and allow the United Nations to determine the country's future.
  • 3 March - 13 people are killed in a raid on a British officer's club in Jerusalem by the Irgun. Simultaneously, multiple other targets throughout Palestine are attacked by the Irgun.
  • 11 March – The founding of the kibbutz Ma'ayan Barukh.
  • 4 May - Acre Prison break: Irgun forces break through the walls of the Acre prison and free 28 incarcerated Irgun and Lehi activists. 214 Arab prisoners also escaped.
  • 16 June - The UNSCOP Committee, the Special UN Committee in charge of finding a solution to the conflict in Palestine, begins its work in Palestine.
  • 30 June – The founding of the kibbutz Sa'ad.
  • 11 July – The Exodus leaves France for Palestine, with 4,500 Jewish Holocaust survivor refugees on board who have no legal immigration certificates to enter Palestine.
  • 12 July - The Irgun kidnaps two British Intelligence Corps NCOs in Netanya, and threatens to kill them if Irgun members death row prisoners held in the Acre prison are executed.
  • 18 July - Following wide media and UNSCOP coverage, the Exodus is captured by British troops and refused entry into Palestine at the port of Haifa.
  • 29 July - The British execute three Irgun members captured during the Acre Prison break. In response, the Irgun hangs the two British hostages kidnapped eighteen days earlier.
  • 28 August – The founding of the Kibbutz HaOgen.
  • 31 August - The UNSCOP Committee publishes the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine.
  • 16 November - The United Kingdom begins withdrawing its army troops from Palestine.
  • 29 November – The United Nations approves partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. It is accepted by the Jews, but rejected by the Arab leaders (See [1] [2]).

1947–1948 Civil War[edit]

  • 30 November - Following the announcement of the Partition Plan, Arabs in Palestine react violently and fighting breaks out leading to the civil war which centered around the Haganah and Palestinian Arabs supported by the Arab Liberation Army.
  • 2–5 December - 1947 Jerusalem riots: The Arab Higher Committee declares a strike and public protest of the vote. A crowd of Arabs marching to Zion Square, Jerusalem, are stopped by the British, and the Arabs instead turn towards the commercial center of the City, burning many buildings and shops. Violence continued for two more days, with Arab mobs attacking a number of Jewish neighborhoods. 70 Jews and 50 Arabs are killed.
  • 30 December - Haifa Oil Refinery massacre: Irgun militants hurl two bombs into a crowd of Arab workers from a passing vehicle, killing six workers and wounding 42, damaging the relative peace between the two groups in Haifa. Later that day, the Arab crowd breaks into the refinery compound, killing 39 Jews.

Unknown dates[edit]

Notable births[edit]

Notable deaths[edit]

  • April 16
  • April 21
    • Meir Feinstein, Irgun member captured following the bombing of a railway station, committed suicide while awaiting execution.
    • Moshe Barazani, Lehi member captured carrying a grenade, committed suicide while awaiting execution.
  • July 29
    • Avshalom Haviv (born 1926), Irgun member and former Palmach member captured during the Acre Prison break, executed by hanging.
    • Meir Nakar (born 1926), Irgun member captured during the Acre Prison break, executed by hanging.
    • Yaakov Weiss (born 1924), Irgun member captured during the Acre Prison break, and Czech immigrant who saved hundreds of Jews from the Nazis, executed by hanging.