1st Artillery Brigade and Headquarters South West
|1st Artillery Brigade|
Insignia of 1st Artillery Brigade
|Active||1961 - Present|
|Type||Artillery fire support and regional command|
|Role||Combat Support and command|
|Size||9 Regiments, 3 other support units|
|Part of||3rd UK Division|
|Headquarters||Jellalabad Barracks, Tidworth Camp|
|Website||HQ 1st Artillery Brigade|
|Brigadier Mark Pullan|
The British Army's 1st Artillery Brigade and Headquarters South West is a formation under 3rd UK Division that has control over close support artillery units within the British Army and is the Regional Point of Command (RPoC) for British Army units in the South West Region.
The brigade was originally formed as the 1st Artillery Group, Royal Artillery. On 1 September 1977, 1st Artillery Brigade and 7th Artillery Brigade (Anti-Aircraft) were both disbanded, and their units absorbed by the new 1st Artillery Division which had its headquarters at Dortmund (Watson and Rinaldi 77). On formation the division had a MGM-52 Lance regiment; a M107 self-propelled gun regiment; and 94 Locating Regiment RA, as well as two RA Rapier air defence regiments. It was redesignated simply as the Artillery Division in 1981, and Artillery I (BR) Corps in 1984. 1st Artillery Brigade was further reformed on 1 November 1985 to control field and missile artillery. (Watson and Rinaldi 101).
- Headquarters and 55 Signal Squadron - Bielefeld and Liverpool
- Royal Artillery, Alanbrooke Band - Woolwich
- General Support Group (4th Armoured Division)
- General Support Group (1st Armoured Division)
- Corps Support Group
- 39th Regiment Royal Artillery - Nuclear Support Artillery - Sennelager
- 94 Locating Regiment Royal Artillery - Roberts Barracks, Larkhill
- The Honourable Artillery Company - Stay Behind OPs - London
- 50 Missile Regiment Royal Artillery - MGM-52 Lance surface to surface missile - Menden
- 8th (V) Battalion, Queen's Fusiliers (City of London) - St John's Hill, Clapham, London - security guard for 50 Regiment RA after formation in May 1988
- Territorial Observation Post Support Group
- Air Defence Group
- Reserve Royal Artillery Support Group
- 1st Artillery Brigade Logistics Group
Reformation from 2014
The current brigade was formed on 1 September 2014 under the Army 2020 plan, merging units and personnel of 43 (Wessex) Brigade with Royal Artillery regiments. The brigade's mission will include commanding, preparing and generating assigned deployable forces. The brigade comprises a large number of units including 1 Royal Horse Artillery and 19 Regiment Royal Artillery and 15 garrisons and stations across the south west.
The brigade consists of the following units:
- Headquarters 1st Artillery Brigade at Tidworth
- 1st Regiment Royal Horse Artillery in Tidworth with AS-90 155mm self-propelled howitzers and MLRS (provides offensive joint fire support to 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade)
- 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery in Albemarle with L118 105mm towed howitzers, these will be withdrawn and the regiment will comprise artillery fire observers, joint terminal attack controllers, intelligence, surveillance, targeting, acquisition, and reconnaissance (ISTAR) operators, and fire-planning staff.
- 4th Regiment Royal Artillery in Topcliffe with L118 105mm towed howitzers, these will be withdrawn and the regiment will comprise artillery fire observers, joint terminal attack controllers, intelligence, surveillance, targeting, acquisition, and reconnaissance (ISTAR) operators, and fire-planning staff.
- 19 Regiment Royal Artillery in Tidworth with AS-90 155mm self-propelled howitzers and MLRS (provides offensive joint fire support to 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade)
- 26 Regiment Royal Artillery in Germany MLRS (divisional fires regiment)
- 101 (Northumbrian) Regiment Royal Artillery in Gateshead (Army Reserve - paired with 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery and 26 Regiment, to be reserve divisional fires regiment.
- 103 (Lancashire Artillery Volunteers) Regiment Royal Artillery in St Helens (Army Reserve - paired with 4th Regiment Royal Artillery) with L118 105mm towed howitzers
- 104 Regiment Royal Artillery with L118 105mm towed howitzers, transferred from 1st Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Brigade in 2017
- 105 Regiment Royal Artillery in Edinburgh (Army Reserve - paired with 3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery) with L118 105mm towed howitzers
- NRHQ RA provides individual augmentees to the Army, Navy and RAF for operations, and in support of training.
- Colin Mackie (20 December 2018). "Generals December 2018" (PDF). Colin Mackie. Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- "Army 2020 Report, pages 10-12" (PDF). Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Regular Army Basing Announcement, page 1" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- The British Army in Germany (BAOR and After): An Organizational History 1947 - 2004. 2005. p. 28. ISBN 0 9720296 9 9.
- "BOAR 1989" (PDF).
- "43 (Wessex) Brigade Lowers Flag For Last Time". Forces TV. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "Change of Command Parade in South West of England - British Army Website". Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Garrisons and stations". Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
- "Army cleared to fly next-generation eye-in-the-sky". gov.uk. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- Tony Osborne (15 May 2014). "British Pilots Finally Training On Watchkeeper". Aviation Week. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
- "UK Strike Brigades to have no artillery | IHS Jane's 360". Janes.com. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
- "Letter from Brigadier Mead". 1st Artillery Brigade and Headquarters South West. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
- "Letter from Brigadier Mead Part 2". 1st Artillery Brigade and Headquarters South West. Retrieved 19 December 2016.[permanent dead link]
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