3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery
|3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery|
|Active||1938 to Present|
|Part of||1st Artillery Brigade|
|Nickname(s)||The Liverpool & Manchester Gunners|
|Equipment||L118 light gun|
3rd Regiment Royal Horse Artillery is a regiment of the Royal Horse Artillery in the British Army. They are currently based in Caen Barracks, Bergen-Hohne, Germany, but from July 2015 will be transferring to Albemarle Barracks, Northumberland, England.
The component batteries within 3RHA have existed from the Napoleonic Wars. However, the Regiment was only formed in 1938 from 3rd Brigade Royal Horse Artillery. The regiment consisted of D, J, M and P Batteries.
World War II
The Regiment supported the 7th Armoured Division (also known as the "Desert Rats") during the Western Desert Campaign. During the final attempt to lift the Siege of Tobruk, in Operation Crusader, at Sidi Rezegh Second Lieutenant George Ward Gunn earned the Victoria Cross for his bravery during an attack by 60 German Tanks. 3 RHA commemorate this by wearing a red backing to the cypher.
In 1945, the Regiment led the Allied Victory parade in Berlin, and fired the Victory Salute.
- 1958 – C Battery joined the Regiment, and M Battery was placed in Suspended Animation.
- 1975 – M Battery was revived.
- 1976 – The Regiment completed another tour of Northern Ireland, as part of Operation Banner
- 1978 – The Regiment was placed in suspended animation. The Batteries became independent anti-tank Batteries.
- 1984 – The Regiment was reformed in Paderborn, Germany. M Battery was once again placed in Suspended Animation.
The Regiment has served in the Former Republic of Yugoslavia. In 1993 N Battery (The Eagle Troop) joined the Regiment, and M Battery was amalgamated with Headquarters Battery to form M Headquarters Battery.
M(HQ) Bty, Radar Troop was deployed to Bosnia in 1994 and again in 1995 and 1996 on operational duties in Sarajevo and then Sanski Most during the balkan conflict.
The batteries are as follows:
- C Battery
- D Battery
- J (Sidi Rezegh) Battery - whilst a Tac Battery on paper, it has been loaned two guns each from C and D Battery, along with a number of personnel to augment the gun line. This is a two-year trial, the findings of which will decide whether the structure becomes permanent in 2016.
- M (Headquarters) Battery
- N Battery (The Eagle Troop)
- Clarke, W.G. (1993). Horse Gunners: The Royal Horse Artillery, 200 Years of Panache and Professionalism. Woolwich: The Royal Artillery Institution. ISBN 09520762-0-9.
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