2001 in Russian football
- Russia score given first
- H = Home match
- A = Away match
- F = Friendly
- WCQ = 2002 FIFA World Cup qualifying, UEFA Group 1
|R||18||Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod||34||9||5||20||26||58||–32||32|
Vitaliy Kakunin of Neftekhimik became the top goalscorer with 20 goals.
Of six clubs that finished first in their respective Second Division zones, three play-off winners were promoted to the First Division:
|Team 1||Agg.||Team 2||1st leg||2nd leg|
|FC Dynamo Saint Petersburg (West)||2–1||FC Metallurg Lipetsk (Centre)||2–0||0–1|
|FC Svetotekhnika Saransk (Povolzhye)||1–2||FC SKA Rostov-on-Don (South)||1–1||0–1|
|FC Uralmash Yekaterinburg (Ural)||3–3||FC SKA-Energia Khabarovsk (East)||2–2||1–1|
UEFA club competitions
2000–01 UEFA Champions League
Spartak Moscow qualified for the second group stage of the 2000–01 UEFA Champions League. Spartak finished fourth in group C which also contained FC Bayern Munich, Arsenal F.C., and Olympique Lyonnais.
2000–01 UEFA Cup
2001–02 UEFA Champions League
Lokomotiv Moscow qualified for the group stage of the 2001–02 UEFA Champions League after defeating FC Wacker Tirol 3–2 on aggregate. This meant that Russia had two teams in the group stage of the Champions League for the first time. Lokomotiv finished third in the group with Real Madrid, A.S. Roma, and R.S.C. Anderlecht.
2001–02 UEFA Cup
Four Russian clubs played in the 2001–02 UEFA Cup. Chernomorets Novorossiysk, who were struggling in the league, lost both first round matches to Valencia CF (0–6 on aggregate). Torpedo Moscow also failed to progress, losing 2–3 on aggregate to Ipswich Town F.C.
Anzhi Makhachkala's fixture against Rangers F.C. was ordered by UEFA to be played over one leg at a neutral site. The tie was played soon after September 11 attacks, and UEFA decided not to play matches in Makhachkala due to the situation in Chechnya.  Rangers won the match in Warsaw 1–0.