2016 Magnanville stabbing

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2016 Magnanville stabbing
Location Magnanville, France
Coordinates 48°58′05″N 1°40′58″E / 48.96806°N 1.68278°E / 48.96806; 1.68278Coordinates: 48°58′05″N 1°40′58″E / 48.96806°N 1.68278°E / 48.96806; 1.68278
Date 13 June 2016; 2 years ago (2016-06-13)
c. 9:00 p.m. CEST (UTC+2)
Attack type
Deaths 3 (including the perpetrator)
Perpetrator Larossi Abballa
Motive Islamic extremism[1]

On 13 June 2016, a police officer and his partner, a police secretary, were stabbed to death in their home in Magnanville, France, located about 55 km (34 mi) west of Paris, by a man convicted in 2013 of associating with a group planning terrorist acts. Amaq News Agency, an online outlet said to be sponsored by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL),[2] said that a source had claimed that ISIL was behind the attack,[3] an assertion that was later validated.[4]

Prosecutor François Molins said the attacker, Larossi Abballa, appeared to be acting on a recent general order from Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi to "kill miscreants at home with their families" during the month of Ramadan.[1]

On 18 June, prosecutors charged two men, on suspicion that Aballa was not acting alone. One of them was released in January 2017 under court-supervised parole.

Attack[edit]

On the evening of 13 June 2016, in Magnanville, France, Jean-Baptiste Salvaing, a 42-year-old police commanding officer at the Mureaux police station, was coming home after work to his house in allée des Perdrix. Around 8:00 p.m., a 25-year-old man, Larossi Abballa, parked his car 20 m away from the victim's house and hid behind the front gate of the house.

The police officer entered his property at around 8:30 p.m. and Abballa immediately attacked him, stabbing him twice, while shouting "Allahu akbar."[5][6][7] The victim managed to flee into the street, where he met a neighbour and asked him to call emergency services and get to cover.[citation needed] Abballa finally caught up with the police officer, stabbing him again several times before barricading himself in the house of his victim. Inside the house, he murdered the victim's partner, Jessica Schneider, a 36-year-old administration worker at the Mantes-la-Jolie police station, by slitting her throat. The couple's three-year-old child remained unharmed.[citation needed]

Inside the house, at 8:52 p.m., Abballa started a Facebook Live broadcast on his mobile phone while the RAID and BRI police special forces converged on the crime scene and set up an attack plan. In his 13-minute-long live broadcast, Abballa claimed his double murder and his allegiance to Abu Mohammad al-Adnani, ISIL's spokesperson, considered as the leader of the November 2015 Paris attacks. He called for "attacks on police personnel, journalists, public figures and rappers", citing several public figures. He also claimed "we are going to make the Euro a cemetery", referring to the ongoing UEFA Euro 2016 football competition, taking place in France at that time. He also mentioned the couple's child, who was still alive, saying "I don't know what I am going to do with him yet". On the scene, police teams evacuated and locked-down the area around the house. The RAID special unit attempted to negotiate with Abballa. During these negotiations, Abballa said he was a practicing Muslim, that he was observing Ramadan, and that he swore allegiance three weeks earlier to ISIL leader Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi. He also said he answered a call from Al-Baghdadi to "kill the infidels, at their homes with their families".[citation needed]

Later in the night, after unsuccessful attempts at negotiating with the suspect, and threats from the suspect to "blow the place up if the police tried to break in", the RAID assault team, along with BRI officers, entered the house around 12:00 a.m. and killed Abballa in a firefight. They retrieved the body of the police officer's partner and their three-year-old son, who was alive but in shock.[8][9][10]

Perpetrator[edit]

The assailant, 25-year-old Larossi Abballa, was a French citizen of Moroccan descent from the suburb of Mantes-la-Jolie.[11] He was born in Meulan, France.[12] Abballa had a police record for theft and violence by 2011.[12][13] In that year, Abballa, then age 20, was arrested for his participation in a group that recruited would-be jihadis to go to Pakistan and Afghanistan for training.[12][13] Abballa and seven other men were convicted in Paris in 2013 for their involvement in the plot; Abballa was convicted of "criminal association with the aim of preparing terrorist acts."[12]

On 30 September 2013, Abballa was sentenced to three years in prison, six months of which were suspended; because he had already spent two years and two months in jail awaiting trial, he was released after being sentenced.[12][13] Abballa was under surveillance for several years after his release, but this monitoring ended in 2015.[12][13] The New York Times described the attack as "tied to the Islamic State," citing al-Adnani's pre-Ramadan speech urging attacks on Europe and the United States.[14]

Court proceedings[edit]

On 18 June, prosecutors charged two men, Charaf-Din Aberouz and Saad Rajraji, who had been convicted in 2013 of "being part of a French jihadist group," on suspicion that Abballa "wasn't acting alone."[15] Rajraji was released in January 2017, under court-supervised parole.[16]

Reactions[edit]

French President François Hollande said the attack was "unquestionably" terrorism.[17]

French Prime Minister Manuel Valls said on France Inter radio: "I said we were at war, that this war will take a generation, that it will be long."[18]

On 3 August 2016, both victims were posthumously knighted with the Légion d'honneur, the highest French order of merit.[19]

Similar attacks[edit]

In February 2017, the New York Times reported that the Magnanville attack was part of a group at least other four knife attacks in France in a span of 13-months, including the Louvre machete attack of 2017, the January 2016 Paris police station attack and the 2016 St-Etienne de Rouvray beheading attack.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "French jihadist police killer 'obeyed Islamic State order'". BBC. 14 June 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Amaq – 24/7 News Agency Run by ISIS", 'from Asharq al-Awsat
  3. ^ "IS' 'Amaq Reports IS Fighter Behind Stabbing Death of Police Officer in Paris Suburb, SITE Intelligence Group
  4. ^ Kallimachi, Rukmini (8 June 2017). "Syrian Accused of Working for ISIS News Agency Is Arrested in Germany". New York Times. Retrieved 9 June 2017. 
  5. ^ Riegel, Ralph. "Killer shouted 'Allahu Akbar' as he stabbed to death policeman and his partner in front of their son (3) in Paris suburb". The Independent. Retrieved 15 June 2016. Witnesses heard the assailant, described as a teenager or in his early 20s, shout “Allahu Akhbar” 
  6. ^ "Yvelines: The IS claims the murder of a policeman and his partner". Le Figaro. Retrieved 27 July 2016. Des témoins ont par ailleurs rapporté aux enquêteurs que l'agresseur aurait crié "Allah akbar" en attaquant le policier 
  7. ^ "French jihadist murders police couple at Magnanville". BBC News. Retrieved 15 June 2016. Witnesses say that the knife-wielding man may have shouted "Allahu akbar" (God is great) when he ambushed the policeman, who was not in uniform, outside his home. 
  8. ^ "Attentat à Magnanville (Yvelines) - Victimes, Daech, Larossi Abballa... ce qu'on sait du double assassinat des policiers". metronews. 14 June 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  9. ^ Molinié, William (14 June 2016). "Attentat de Magnanville: le policier et sa famille tombés dans un véritable guet-apens". metronews. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  10. ^ "Policiers tués à Magnanville: récit d'un guet-apens". francetv info (in French). 14 June 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  11. ^ John, Tara (14 June 2016). "Everything We Know About the Paris Knife Attacker Inspired By ISIS". Time. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Alissa J. Rubin & Lilia Blaise, Killing Twice for ISIS and Saying So Live on Facebook, New York Times (14 June 2016).
  13. ^ a b c d Angelique Chrisafis & Kim Willsher, French police officer and partner murdered in 'odious terrorist attack', The Guardian (14 June 2016).
  14. ^ Rubin, Alissa (13 June 2016). "ISIS Claims Responsibility for Killing of French Police Officer". New York Times. Retrieved 4 July 2016. 
  15. ^ SCHECHNER, SAM. "French Prosecutors Seek Terrorism Charges for Two Linked to Knife Attack". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 19 June 2016. Authorities suspect the killer of a police captain and his companion this week wasn't acting alone 
  16. ^ Marie Zinck; Sophie Parmentier (13 June 2017). "Policemen killed in Magnanville: one year already". France Inter (in French). Retrieved 4 September 2017. two men were indicted. One, since last January, is under court-supervised parole [«sous contrôle judiciaire»]. The other, Charaf-Din Aberouz, is still in pre-trial detention. The investigation established numerous contacts between him and Larossi Abballa, before the events and the evening of the attack. 
  17. ^ "French jihadist murders police couple at Magnanville". BBC News. 15 June 2016. 
  18. ^ Angela Charlton & Lorne Cook, France, Belgium Alerted to Possible Arrival of Fighters, Associated Press (15 June 2016).
  19. ^ "Magnanville: une Légion d'honneur posthume pour le couple de policiers". L'Express. 5 August 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  20. ^ ALISSA J. RUBIN, AURELIEN BREEDEN. "Assailant Near Louvre Is Shot by French Soldier". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 February 2017. In just the past 13 months, there have been at least four attacks in France using knives, including one instance in which an off-duty police officer and wife were stabbed to death by a man who then filmed himself claiming allegiance to the Islamic State, broadcasting the video on Facebook.