316 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
316 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar316 BC
Ab urbe condita438
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 8
- PharaohPtolemy I Soter, 8
Ancient Greek era116th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4435
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−908
Berber calendar635
Buddhist calendar229
Burmese calendar−953
Byzantine calendar5193–5194
Chinese calendar甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
2381 or 2321
    — to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
2382 or 2322
Coptic calendar−599 – −598
Discordian calendar851
Ethiopian calendar−323 – −322
Hebrew calendar3445–3446
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−259 – −258
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2785–2786
Holocene calendar9685
Iranian calendar937 BP – 936 BP
Islamic calendar966 BH – 965 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2018
Minguo calendar2227 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1783
Thai solar calendar227–228
Tibetan calendar阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
−189 or −570 or −1342
    — to —
(female Wood-Snake)
−188 or −569 or −1341

Year 316 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Rutilus and Laenas (or, less frequently, year 438 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 316 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Macedonian Empire[edit]

  • Eumenes and Antigonus, rivals to Cassander for control of Macedonia, meet in the Battle of Gabiene in Media to the northeast of Susa. Antigonus defeats Eumenes, with the aid of Seleucus and Peithon (the satraps of Babylonia and Media, respectively). The result is inconclusive. However, some of Eumenes' soldiers take matters into their own hands. Learning that Antigonus has captured many of their wives, children and the cumulative plunder of nearly 40 years of continuous warfare, they secretly open negotiations with Antigonus for their safe return. They hand over Eumenes and his senior officers to Antigonus in return for their baggage and families. Eumenes is put to death by Antigonus after a week's captivity.



Roman Republic[edit]


  • King Hui of Qin decides, on the advice of General Sima Cuo, to invade and annex the ancient states of Ba and Shu in Sichuan, in order to increase Qin's agricultural output and obtain a strategic platform from which to defeat the state of Chu.




  1. ^ Siculus, Diodorus. Library. Vol. IX.
  2. ^ S.N. Consolo Langher. 2000. Agatocle: Da capoparte a monarca fondatore di un regno tra Cartagine e i Diadochi. Messana: Di.Sc.A.M. 79-96