316 BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Millennium: 1st millennium BC
316 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 316 BC
Ab urbe condita 438
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 8
- Pharaoh Ptolemy I Soter, 8
Ancient Greek era 116th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar 4435
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −908
Berber calendar 635
Buddhist calendar 229
Burmese calendar −953
Byzantine calendar 5193–5194
Chinese calendar 甲辰(Wood Dragon)
2381 or 2321
    — to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
2382 or 2322
Coptic calendar −599 – −598
Discordian calendar 851
Ethiopian calendar −323 – −322
Hebrew calendar 3445–3446
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −259 – −258
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2785–2786
Holocene calendar 9685
Iranian calendar 937 BP – 936 BP
Islamic calendar 966 BH – 965 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2018
Minguo calendar 2227 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1783
Thai solar calendar 227–228
Tibetan calendar 阳木龙年
(male Wood-Dragon)
−189 or −570 or −1342
    — to —
(female Wood-Snake)
−188 or −569 or −1341

Year 316 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Rutilus and Laenas (or, less frequently, year 438 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 316 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Macedonian Empire[edit]

  • Eumenes and Antigonus, rivals to Cassander for control of Macedonia, meet in the Battle of Gabiene in Media to the northeast of Susa. Antigonus defeats Eumenes, with the aid of Seleucus and Peithon (the satraps of Babylonia and Media, respectively). The result is inconclusive. However, some of Eumenes' soldiers take matters into their own hands. Learning that Antigonus has captured many of their wives, children and the cumulative plunder of nearly 40 years of continuous warfare, they secretly open negotiations with Antigonus for their safe return. They hand over Eumenes and his senior officers to Antigonus in return for their baggage and families. Eumenes is put to death by Antigonus after a week's captivity.


  • Cassander returns from the Peloponnesus and defeats Macedonia's regent Polyperchon in battle. Cassander blockades Olympias, mother of the late Alexander the Great, in Pydna, where she surrenders. Cassander takes Roxana and her son Alexander IV of Macedon into his custody.
  • Olympias is condemned to death by Cassander, but his soldiers refuse to carry out the sentence. She is eventually killed by relatives of those she has previously had executed.
  • Cassander marries Thessaloniki, half sister of Alexander. He has Alexander's widow, Roxana and son, Alexander IV of Macedon, imprisoned at Amphipolis in Thrace. They are never to be seen alive again.
  • Thebes, which has been destroyed by Alexander the Great, begins to get rebuilt by Cassander with the help of the citizens of Athens.


Roman Republic[edit]


  • King Hui of Qin decides on the advice of General Sima Cuo to invade and annex the ancient states of Ba and Shu in Sichuan to increase Qin's agricultural output and obtain a strategic platform to defeat the state of Chu.




  1. ^ S.N. Consolo Langher. 2000. Agatocle: Da capoparte a monarca fondatore di un regno tra Cartagine e i Diadochi. Messana: Di.Sc.A.M. 79-96