347th Bombardment Squadron

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347th Bombardment Squadron
Boeing B-52D-75-BO (SN 56-0591) Tommys Tigator 061127-F-1234S-016.jpg
Boeing B-52D Stratofortress 56-0591
Active 1942-1945; 1947-1949; 1953-1963
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Bombardment
Engagements
  • European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer.png
    World War II - EAME Theater
Decorations
  • Streamer PUC Army.PNG
    Distinguished Unit Citation (2x)
Insignia
Emblem of the 347th Bombardment Squadron 347th Bombardment Squadron - SAC - Emblem.png

The 347th Bombardment Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 4047th Strategic Wing. It was inactivated at McCoy Air Force Base, Florida on 1 April 1963.

During World War II, the 347th Bombardment Squadron was a B-17 Flying Fortress squadron, assigned to the 99th Bombardment Group, Fifteenth Air Force. It earned Two Distinguished Unit Citations.

History[edit]

The squadron was established in early 1942 as a B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombardment squadron. It first trained under the Second Air Force in the Pacific Northwest, but the poor flying weather forced a relocation to the Midwest for the second and third phases of training.

B-17F 42-3399 was assigned to the 347th Bomb Squadron at Oudna Airfield, Tunisia in August 1943. and it is seen wearing the group's dittinctive diamond Marking On the tail, along with the Roman II associated with the squadron. Christened "Rangy Lil", the aircraft was passed on to the 340th Bomb Squadron, 97th Bomb Group on 14 November 1943, but was lost two days later on a mission to Toulon, France.

After completion of training, the 99th departed for the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in Algeria, where the ground echelon went by ship from New York City to Marrakech, Morocco; the air echelon flying to Morrison Field, Florida then along the South Atlantic Route to Navarin Airfield, Algeria where the ground and air echelons of the group were reunited in late February 1943. Assigned to Twelfth Air Force, the squadron engaged in combat operations in support of American ground forces in Algeria and Tunisia during the 1943 North African campaign.

They helped force the capitulation of Pantelleria Island in June 1943, and bombed in preparation for and in support of the invasions of Sicily and southern Italy in the summer and fall of 1943. The squadron was reassigned to the new Fifteenth Air Force in October 1943 and until the German Capitulation in May 1945, they engaged in strategic bombardment of enemy targets in Italy, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Greece, attacking oil refineries, marshaling yards, aircraft factories, and other strategic objectives. It was demobilized in Italy in late 1945; inactivated in November.

The unit was activated in the reserves in 1947; however it was never equipped or manned, and was inactivated in 1949 due to budget restraints. It reactivated in 1953 as a Strategic Air Command B-36 Peacemaker intercontinental strategic bombardment squadron, and engaged in worldwide strategic bombardment training and stood nuclear alert until 1956 when the B-36 was retired. Then, it was re-equipped with B-52 Stratofortresses and continued training and nuclear alert status.

In 1961 it was ssigned to SAC provisional 4047th Strategic Wing and re-equipped with B-52D Stratofortress intercontinental heavy bombers, then reassigned to McCoy AFB, Florida by SAC to disperse its heavy bomber force. The squadron conducted worldwide strategic bombardment training missions and providing nuclear deterrent. It was finally inactivated in 1963 when SAC inactivated its provisional Strategic Wings, redesignating them permanent Air Force Wings. Squadron was inactivated with aircraft/personnel/equipment being redesignated 367th Bombardment Squadron in an in-place, name-only transfer.

Lineage[edit]

World War II unit emblem
  • Constituted 347th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942
Activated on 1 Jun 1942
Inactivated on 8 Nov 1945
  • Re-designated 347th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy) on 13 May 1947
Activated in the reserve on 29 May 1947
Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949
  • Re-designated 347th Strategic Reconnaissance Squadron (Heavy), and activated, on 1 Jan 1953.
Re-designated 347th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 1 Oct 1955
Discontinued, and inactivated on 1 Apr 1963; personnel/aircraft/equipment redesignated as 367th Bombardment Squadron

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, AL: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.


External links[edit]