43d Air Mobility Operations Group

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43d Air Mobility Operations Group
Lockheed C-130 Hercules.jpg
C-130 Hercules of the 43d Operations Group[note 1]
Active 1941–1946; 1946-1952; 1992-1994; 1997-present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Garrison/HQ Pope Field, Fort Bragg
Nickname(s) Gryphons
Motto(s) Willing, Able, Ready
Decorations Distinguished Unit Citation
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation
Commanders
Current
commander
Col Kelly Holbert[1]
Insignia
43d Air Mobility Operations Group emblem (as of June 2016) 43 AMOG emblem.png
43d Bombardment Group emblem (approved 31 January 1942)[2]
Wing 0043rd Bomb (B-29 Era).gif

The 43d Air Mobility Operations Group is an active duty air mobility unit at Pope Field, Fort Bragg, North Carolina (formerly Pope AFB), and is part of the Air Mobility Command (AMC) USAF Expeditionary Center. The unit is composed of five squadrons, including one of the only two active Air Force aeromedical evacuation squadrons based in the United States. The group's primary mission focuses on providing enroute operations and enabling global response and airborne support for Fort Bragg's 82nd Airborne Division.

The 43d Operations Group was redesignated the 43d Airlift Group on 1 March 2011 after the inactivation of the 43d Airlift Wing.[3] It was later redesignated the 43d Air Mobility Operations Group on 14 June 2016.[4]

Overview[edit]

The 43d Air Mobility Operations Group is part of the air force component of United States Transportation Command. It provides rapid strategic deployment of forces assigned to Joint Special Operations Command, the XVIII Airborne Corps and 82nd Airborne Division. It also provides combatant commanders with Airborne Joint Forcible Entry, combat airlift, aeromedical evacuation, aerial port, command and control, and other enabling capabilities. The 43 AMOG comprises five squadrons:

The unit's World War II predecessor unit, the 43d Bombardment Group, operated primarily in the Southwest Pacific Theater as a B-17 Flying Fortress, and later a B-24 Liberator heavy bomber unit assigned to Fifth Air Force. It was awarded two United States Distinguished Unit Citations and the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for its combat service in China; Netherlands East Indies; New Guinea; the Bismarck Archipelago; the Western Pacific; Leyte, Luzon, and Okinawa.

In the postwar era, the 43d Bombardment Group was one of the first USAAF units assigned to the Strategic Air Command on 1 October 1946, prior to the establishment of the United States Air Force as a redesignation of the 444th Bombardment Group due to the Air Force's policy of retaining only low-numbered groups on active duty after the war.

It conducted long-range test missions, including the first nonstop flight around the world (26 February-2 March 1949), accomplished in "Lucky Lady II", a B-50A (46–10) commanded by Capt James G Gallagher.

The group became non-operational in February 1951 when its squadrons were attached to the 43d Bombardment Wing headquarters. The group was inactivated in 1952 when the parent wing adopted the Tri-Deputate organization and assigned all of the group's squadrons directly to the wing.

Redesignated as the 43d Operations Group, and activated, in 1992 when the 43d Air Refueling Wing adopted the USAF Objective organization plan. From 1994 to 1997 the group was inactive when the wing was reduced to group size. In 2011, the wing was inactivated, and, the group received its current designation, the 43d Airlift Group. Later, in 2016, the 43d Airlift Group was redesignated the 43d Air Mobility Operations Group as it discontinued airlift operations and reorganized to inherit responsibilities of the 440th Airlift Wing.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

The 43d Bombardment Group trained for bombardment operations during most of 1941. From December 1941 to February 1942, it flew antisubmarine patrols along the New England coast.

B-17F-25-BO Flying Fortress (41-24554), "The Mustang", 63d Bombardment Squadron, 1943
An aerial view of B-17s from the 43d Bombardment Group parked in their revetments at Seven Mile Airfield, Port Moresby, New Guinea in August 1942. The 43d Bomb Group was the fifth B-17-equipped group to be deployed against Japan in the Pacific War.
43d Bombardment Group Boeing B-29A-75-BN Superfortress (44-62310). SAC, 15th Air Force, Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona, 1946

It then moved to the Southwest Pacific via Cape Town, South Africa, from February to March 1942. It attacked Japanese shipping in the Netherlands East Indies and the Bismarck Archipelago from bases in Australia, New Guinea, and Owi Island between August 1942 and November 1944.

While there it earned a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for missions over Papua, New Guinea from August 1942 to January 1943.

The unit used skip bombing to sink Japanese ships during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea, 2-4 March 1943, for which the unit earned a second DUC. It also provided support for ground forces on New Guinea and attacked airfields and other enemy installations in New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, Yap, Palau, and the southern Philippines in 1943 and 1944.

The group conducted long-range raids on oil refineries on Ceram and Borneo late in the war.

After moving to the Philippines in November 1944, the group attacked shipping along the Asiatic coast and struck factories, airfields, and other installations in China and on Formosa. It also supported ground forces on Luzon.

The unit moved to Ie Shima in July 1945, from which it conducted raids against airfields and railways in Japan and against shipping in the Inland Sea and the Sea of Japan. It was moved, on paper, to the Philippines in December 1945 and inactivated in April 1946.

Cold War[edit]

Main article: 43d Airlift Wing

The 43d Bombardment Group was again activated in 1946, when it assumed the mission, personnel and equipment of the 444th Bombardment Group, which was inactivated. Until February 1951, the group trained and conducted long-range test missions, including the first nonstop flight around the world (26 February–2 March 1949), accomplished by Capt James G. Gallagher and his crew in a B-50 called Lucky Lady II.

The group deployed to England for training, August to November 1949. It was not operational after 10 February 1951, and, the flying squadrons were attached directly to the 43d Bomb Wing for operations. The group was inactivated on 16 June 1952.

Modern era[edit]

On 1 June 1992, the group was redesignated as the 43d Operations Group, and was activated on the same day. Between June 1992 and 1 July 1994, the group flew air refueling missions in training exercises and was then inactivated.

In 1997, it was reactivated and assumed an airlift mission. It cooperated with U.S. Army airborne organizations at nearby Fort Bragg, North Carolina, taking part with them in joint training exercises. Crews and aircraft deployed to Europe, and later to Southwest Asia, to support contingency operations such as enforcement of no-fly zones over Iraq and for expeditionary force rotations.

After terrorist attacks on the United States on 11 September 2001, the group deployed resources in the Global War on Terror. The group was redesignated 43d Airlift Group on 1 March 2011 and 43d Air Mobility Operations Group on 14 June 2016.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 43d Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 20 November 1940
Activated on 15 January 1941
Redesignated 43d Bombardment Group, Heavy on 21 September 1943
Inactivated on 29 April 1946
  • Redesignated 43d Bombardment Group, Very Heavy on 1 October 1946
Activated on 1 October 1946
Redesignated 43d Bombardment Group, Medium on 2 July 1948
Inactivated on 16 June 1952
  • Redesignated 43d Operations Group and activated on 1 June 1992
Inactivated on 1 July 1994
  • Activated on 1 April 1997
Redesignated 43d Airlift Group on 1 March 2011
Redesignated 43d Air Mobility Operations Group on 14 June 2016[4]

Assignments[edit]

Components[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Aircraft is Lockheed C-130E-LM Hercules serial 64-499. Taken at Pope AFB circa 2004.
Citations
  1. ^ http://www.pope.af.mil/
  2. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 99-101
  3. ^ Paraglide (February 23, 2011). "Army to assume responsibility for Pope Air Force Base". Fort Bragg-Pope Field Public Affairs. Retrieved July 22, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Barnes, Marc. "AMC unit at Pope Army Airfield is renamed". Air Mobility Command. United States Air Force. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c Krause, Marvin (July 10, 2015). "43rd AG stands up air base and air mobility squadrons at Pope Field". Pope Field Public Affairs. Retrieved July 22, 2015. 
  6. ^ "New combat squadron stands up at Little Rock". Little Rock Air Force Base Public Affairs. April 9, 2007. Retrieved July 22, 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.