35 Cygni

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35 Cygni
Cygnus constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg

Location of 35 Cyg (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Cygnus
Right ascension 20h 18m 39.06986s[1]
Declination +34° 58′ 57.9909″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.18[2]
Spectral type F6Ib[3]
B−V color index +0.62[2]
Radial velocity (Rv) −20.20[4] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: −0.05[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −3.77[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 1.03 ± 0.21[1] mas
Distance approx. 3,200 ly
(approx. 1,000 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) −3.99[5]
Mass 10.0[6] M
Radius 51[7] R
Luminosity 7,093[8] L
Surface gravity (log g) 1.5[6] - 2.4[5] cgs
Temperature 6,360[5] K
Metallicity [Fe/H] 0.02[5] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 3.5[6] km/s
Age 22[9] Myr
Other designations
35 Cyg, HR 7770, BD+34°3967, HD 193370, SAO 69806, FK5 3627, HIP 100122
Database references

35 Cygni is a spectroscopic binary star in the constellation Cygnus. Its apparent magnitude is 5.18. Located around 1,000 parsecs (3,300 ly) distant, its primary is a yellow supergiant of spectral type F6Ib, a massive star that has used up its core hydrogen and is now fusing heavier elements.

Yellow supergiants are usually variable, often Classical Cepheid variables, but 35 Cyg is notable for having an especially constant brightness.[10]

35 Cyg is a single-lined spectroscopic binary with a period of 2,440 days (over 6 years).[11] The secondary cannot be seen directly, nor can its spectral lines be identified but the overall spectrum can be match by a combination of an F4 supergiant and a less luminous B6.5 star.[12]


  1. ^ a b c d e Van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653. arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b Luck, R. Earle (2014). "Parameters and Abundances in Luminous Stars". The Astronomical Journal. 147 (6): 137. Bibcode:2014AJ....147..137L. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/147/6/137. 
  3. ^ Abt, Helmut A. (2009). "MK Classifications of Spectroscopic Binaries". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement. 180: 117. Bibcode:2009ApJS..180..117A. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/180/1/117. 
  4. ^ Gontcharov, G. A. (2006). "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system". Astronomy Letters. 32 (11): 759. Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G. doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065. 
  5. ^ a b c d Kovtyukh, V. V.; Gorlova, N. I.; Belik, S. I. (2012). "Accurate luminosities from the oxygen λ7771-4 Å triplet and the fundamental parameters of F-G supergiants". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 423 (4): 3268. arXiv:1204.4115Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.423.3268K. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21117.x. 
  6. ^ a b c Lyubimkov, Leonid S.; Lambert, David L.; Kaminsky, Bogdan M.; Pavlenko, Yakov V.; Poklad, Dmitry B.; Rachkovskaya, Tamara M. (2012). "Lithium abundance in atmospheres of F- and G-type supergiants and bright giants". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 427: 11. arXiv:1212.6057Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427...11L. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21617.x. 
  7. ^ Pasinetti Fracassini, L. E.; Pastori, L.; Covino, S.; Pozzi, A. (2001). "Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS) - Third edition - Comments and statistics". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 367 (2): 521. arXiv:astro-ph/0012289Freely accessible. Bibcode:2001A&A...367..521P. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000451. 
  8. ^ McDonald, I.; Zijlstra, A. A.; Boyer, M. L. (2012). "Fundamental parameters and infrared excesses of Hipparcos stars". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 427: 343. arXiv:1208.2037Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427..343M. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.21873.x. 
  9. ^ Lyubimkov, Leonid S.; Lambert, David L.; Rostopchin, Sergey I.; Rachkovskaya, Tamara M.; Poklad, Dmitry B. (2010). "Accurate fundamental parameters for A-, F- and G-type Supergiants in the solar neighbourhood". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 402 (2): 1369. arXiv:0911.1335Freely accessible. Bibcode:2010MNRAS.402.1369L. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15979.x. 
  10. ^ Adelman, S. J.; Cay, I. H.; Cay, M. T.; Kocer, D. (2000). "On the Variability of A6 to F9 Supergiants". Information Bulletin on Variable Stars. 4947: 1. Bibcode:2000IBVS.4947....1A. 
  11. ^ Pourbaix, D.; Tokovinin, A. A.; Batten, A. H.; Fekel, F. C.; Hartkopf, W. I.; Levato, H.; Morrell, N. I.; Torres, G.; Udry, S. (2004). "SB9: The ninth catalogue of spectroscopic binary orbits". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 424 (2): 727. arXiv:astro-ph/0406573Freely accessible. Bibcode:2004A&A...424..727P. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20041213. 
  12. ^ Parsons, Sidney B.; Ake, Thomas B. (1998). "Ultraviolet and Optical Studies of Binaries with Luminous Cool Primaries and Hot Companions. V. The Entire IUE Sample". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. 119: 83. Bibcode:1998ApJS..119...83P. doi:10.1086/313152.