An officer of three-star rank is a senior commander in many of the armed services holding a rank described by the NATO code of OF-8. The term is also used by some armed forces which are not NATO members. Typically, three-star officers hold the rank of vice admiral, lieutenant general, or in the case of those air forces with a separate rank structure, air marshal.
- Vice admiral (Royal Australian Navy three-star rank)
- Lieutenant general (Australian Army three-star rank)
- Air marshal (Royal Australian Air Force three-star rank)
Official rank insignia for Australian 'three-star' officers do not use stars in the same fashion as the United States. The RAN does incorporate stars into the hardboard rank insignia for flag-rank officers but this is in conjunction with other devices. Unofficial star rank insignia are sometimes worn when serving with or visiting other military organisations in order to facilitate equivalent rank recognition.
The Chiefs of all three services within the Australian Defence Force hold three-star rank as well as four joint positions: Vice Chief of Defence Force (VCDF), Chief of Joint Operations (CJOPS), Chief Capability Development Group (CCDG), and Chief of Defence Intelligence.
- Lieutenant general (Bangladesh Army three-star rank)
- Vice admiral (Bangladesh Navy three-star rank)
- Air marshal (Bangladesh Air Force three-star rank)
- Vice almirante (Brazilian Navy three-star rank)
- General de divisão (Brazilian Army three-star rank)
- Major brigadeiro (Brazilian Air Force three-star rank)
The three-star rank in Brazil is the second rank in a general career. The officers in this position are normally divisional commanders.
- Odom senei ek (lieutenant-general) - Royal Cambodian Army
- Odom neavi ek (vice admiral) - Royal Cambodian Navy
- Odom senei ek (lieutenant-general) - Royal Cambodian Air Force
- Vice admiral / vice-amiral (Royal Canadian Navy three-star-equivalent rank)
- Lieutenant-general / lieutenant-général (Canadian Army and Royal Canadian Air Force three-star-equivalent rank)
Three maple leaves appear with St. Edward's crown and crossed sabre and baton. Prince Charles holds the rank of vice-admiral in an honorary capacity. Before unification, the rank of air marshal was the three-star equivalent for the RCAF.
- Air marshal (Indian Air Force three-star rank)
- Lieutenant general (Indian Army three-star rank)
- Vice admiral (Indian Navy three-star rank)
- Letnan jendral (lieutenant-general) - Indonesian Army and Indonesian Marine Corps three-star rank
- Laksamana madya (vice admiral) - Indonesian Navy and Indonesian Maritime Security Agency three-star rank
- Marsekal madya (air marshal) - Indonesian Air Force three-star rank
- Lieutenant-general (Pakistan Army three-star rank)
- Air-marshal (Pakistan Air Force three-star rank)
- Vice admiral (Pakistan Navy three-star rank)
- Lieutenant general (Philippine Army three-star rank)
- Lieutenant general (Philippine Air Force three-star rank)
- Vice admiral (Philippine Navy three-star rank)
- Vice admiral (Philippine Coast Guard three-star rank)
- Vice-almirante (Portuguese Navy three-star rank)
- Tenente-general (Portuguese Army three-star rank)
- Tenente-general (Portuguese Air Force three-star rank)
- Vice admiral (Royal Navy three-star rank)
- Lieutenant general (British Army and Royal Marines three-star rank)
- Air marshal (Royal Air Force three-star rank)
- Vice admiral (United States Navy, Coast Guard, Public Health Service Commissioned Corps and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps, three-star rank)
- Lieutenant general (United States Army, Marine Corps and Air Force three-star rank)
A vice admiral typically commands a numbered fleet which is responsible for all naval ships within its area of responsibility. An Army or Marine Corps lieutenant general typically commands a corps-sized unit (20,000 to 45,000 soldiers), while an Air Force lieutenant general commands a large Numbered Air Force consisting of several wings. Additionally, lieutenant generals and vice admirals of all services serve as high-level staff officers at various major command headquarters and the Pentagon, often as the heads of their departments.
Russia and the USSR
In the Russian and Soviet armies, the three-star rank is colonel-general (Russian: генерал-полковник) and full admiral (Russian: адмирал). These military ranks, along with other general and admiralty ranks, appeared in 1940. Most Warsaw Pact and Soviet-aligned countries adopted this rank. The rank is often held by commanders of the ground forces, chiefs of military academies and commanders of military districts. Colonel general is considered a stepping stone to the rank of general of the army, itself essential to achieving the high rank of marshal of the Russian Federation. This title also applies to three star officers of the air force, MVD, police and militia, internal troops, FSB/KGB, border guards and some others. In the navy, the three star rank is admiral (Russian: адмирал).
In 1991, Ukraine regained its independence. In the Armed Forces of Ukraine (as in other countries formed on the ruins of the USSR), the ranks and insignia were kept to the Soviet standard. Three stars on the shoulder straps have a colonel general (Ukrainian: Генерал-полковник) and an admiral (Ukrainian: Адмірал).
On July 5, 2016 the President of Ukraine approved “The Unicorn Project and the Distinction Marks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine”. The draft addresses, among other things, the insignia of military personnel. It was supposed to reform the list of military ranks, among others the rank of brigadier general and commodore were to appear, and the rank of lieutenant general and vice admiral were three-star ranks.
On November 20, 2017, the decree of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine № 606 was issued, which specifies the rules for wearing and using unilateral servicemen. Colonels and admirals continued to wear three stars on the shoulder straps, but the stars instead of five rays became four rays.
- Selections from Regional Press. Institute of Regional Studies. October 2007. p. 75.
- Officers' rank insignia Archived 2009-12-14 at the Wayback Machine, British Army Website. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
- RAF Glossary Archived 2008-04-13 at the Wayback Machine
- Чмир М. Відзнаки військових звань українських збройних формувань 1917—1921 рр.
- Президент затвердив нові предмети однострою та знаки розрізнення Збройних Сил України
- Текст наказу Міністерства оборони України №606 від 20.11.2017 р.
- Текст наказу Міністерства оборони України №606 від 20.11.2017 р. на сайті Ліга Закон