Vice admiral (Australia)

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Vice admiral
Flag of Vice-Admiral - Royal Navy.svg
Vice admiral's command flag
Australia-Navy-OF-8-collected.svg
The VADM insignia
CountryAustralia
Service branchRoyal Australian Navy
AbbreviationVADM
Rank groupFlag officer
RankThree-star
Non-NATO rankOF-8
Pay gradeO-9
Formation12 July 1936 (1936-07-12)
Next higher rankAdmiral
Next lower rankRear admiral
Equivalent ranksLieutenant general (Army)
Air marshal (RAAF)

Vice admiral (abbreviated as VADM) is the second-highest active rank of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). It is a three-star rank, and was created as a direct equivalent of the British rank of vice admiral. The rank is held by the Chief of Navy and, when the positions are held by navy officers, by the Vice Chief of the Defence Force, the Chief of Joint Operations, the Chief of Joint Capabilities, or equivalent position.

Vice admiral is a higher rank than rear admiral, but lower than admiral. Vice admiral is the equivalent of air marshal in the Royal Australian Air Force and lieutenant general in the Australian Army.

Since the mid-1990s, the insignia of a Royal Australian Navy vice admiral is the Crown of St. Edward above a crossed sabre[Note 1] and baton, above three silver stars, above the word "AUSTRALIA".[1] The stars have eight points as in the equivalent Royal Navy insignia. Prior to 1995, the RAN shoulder board was identical to the British shoulder board.

List of vice admirals[edit]

  This along with the * (asterisk) indicates that the officer was subsequently promoted to admiral.
  This along with the ^ (arrowhead) indicates that the officer is a currently serving vice admiral.

The following people have held the rank of vice admiral in the Royal Australian Navy:

Name Year of promotion Senior command(s) or appointment(s) in rank Notes
Sir William Creswell 1922[Note 2] [2]
Sir George Hyde* 1932 First Naval Member and Chief of Staff (1931–37) [3]
Sir John Collins 1950 First Naval Member and Chief of Staff (1948–55) [4]
Sir Roy Dowling 1955 First Naval Member and Chief of Staff (1955–59) [5]
Sir Henry Burrell 1959 First Naval Member and Chief of Staff (1959–62) [6]
Sir Hastings Harrington 1962 First Naval Member and Chief of Staff (1962–65) [7]
Sir Alan McNicoll 1965 First Naval Member and Chief of Staff (1965–68) [8]
Sir Victor Smith* 1968 First Naval Member and Chief of Staff (1968–70) [9]
Sir Richard Peek 1970 First Naval Member and Chief of Staff (1970–73) [10]
Sir David Stevenson 1973 First Naval Member and Chief of Staff (1973–76) [11]
Sir Anthony Synnot* 1976 Chief of Naval Staff (1976–79) [12]
Sir James Willis 1979 Chief of Naval Staff (1979–82) [13]
David Leach 1982 Chief of Naval Staff (1982–85) [14]
Michael Hudson* 1985 Chief of Naval Staff (1985–91) [15]
Ian Knox 1987 Vice Chief of the Defence Force (1987–89) [16]
Alan Beaumont* 1989 Vice Chief of the Defence Force (1989–92) [17]
Ian MacDougall 1991 Chief of Naval Staff (1991–94) [18]
Rodney Taylor 1991 Chief of Naval Staff (1994–97) [19]
Robert Walls 1995 Vice Chief of the Defence Force (1995–97) [20]
Donald Chalmers 1997 Chief of Navy (1997–99) [21]
Chris Barrie* 1997 Vice Chief of the Defence Force (1997–98) [22]
David Shackleton 1999 Chief of Navy (1999–2002) [23]
Chris Ritchie 2002 Chief of Navy (2002–05) [24]
Russ Shalders 2002 Chief of Navy (2005–08), Vice Chief of the Defence Force (2002–05) [25]
Matt Tripovich 2007 Chief Capability Development Group (2007–10) [26]
Russ Crane 2008 Chief of Navy (2008–11) [27]
Ray Griggs 2011 Vice Chief of the Defence Force (2014–18), Chief of Navy (2011–14) [28]
Peter Jones 2011 Chief Capability Development Group (2011–14) [29]
David Johnston^ 2014 Vice Chief of the Defence Force (2018–), Chief of Joint Operations (2014–18) [30]
Tim Barrett 2014 Chief of Navy (2014–18) [31]
Michael Noonan^ 2018 Chief of Navy (2018–) [32]
Stuart Mayer^ 2019 Deputy Commander United Nations Command (2019–) [33]
Jonathan Mead^ 2020 Chief of Joint Capabilities (2020–) [34]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Usually in Commonwealth countries a scimitar is used in the insignia, which is an open-handled weapon; the sabre has a closed handle.
  2. ^ Creswell, who served as First Naval Member, Australian Commonwealth Naval Board from 1911 to 1919, was promoted to vice admiral on the Retired List in 1922.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Uniform Ranks". Royal Australian Navy. Australian Government. Archived from the original on 24 January 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Naval Forces of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 14 September 1922. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Naval Forces of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 10 November 1932. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Naval Forces of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 8 June 1950. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Naval Forces of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 23 June 1955. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Naval Forces of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 12 March 1959. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  7. ^ "Naval Forces of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 25 May 1961. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Naval Forces of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 26 November 1964. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  9. ^ "Naval Forces of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 2 November 1967. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Naval Forces of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 15 October 1970. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  11. ^ "Naval Forces of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. 15 October 1970. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  12. ^ "Admiral Sir Anthony Monckton Synnot". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Vice Admiral Guido James Willis". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  14. ^ "Vice Admiral David Willoughby Leach". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  15. ^ "Admiral Michael Wyndham Hudson". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  16. ^ "Vice Admiral Ian Knox". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  17. ^ "Admiral Alan Lee Beaumont". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Vice Admiral Ian Donald George MacDougall". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Vice Admiral Rodney Graham Taylor". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  20. ^ "Vice Admiral Robert Andrew Kevin Walls". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Vice Admiral Donald Bruce Chalmers". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Admiral Christopher Alexander Barrie". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  23. ^ "Vice Admiral David John Shackleton". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  24. ^ "Vice Admiral Christopher Angus Ritchie". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  25. ^ "Vice Admiral Russell Edward Shalders". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  26. ^ "Vice Admiral Matthew John Tripovich". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  27. ^ "Vice Admiral Russell Harry Crane". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  28. ^ "Vice Admiral Ray Griggs". Biographies. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  29. ^ "Vice Admiral Peter David Jones". Biographies. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  30. ^ "Vice Admiral David Lance Johnston". Biographies. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  31. ^ "Vice Admiral Tim Barrett". Biographies. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  32. ^ "Vice Admiral Michael Joseph Noonan". Biographies. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  33. ^ "Vice Admiral Stuart Campbell Mayer". Biographies. Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  34. ^ "Vice Admiral Jonathan Dallas Mead". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 24 November 2020.