Bangladesh Navy

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Bangladesh Navy
বাংলাদেশ নৌবাহিনী
বাংলাদেশ নৌ বাহিনীর মনোগ্রাম.svg
Active 1971–present
Country  Bangladesh
Allegiance Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
Branch Green-water navy
Type Navy
Size 16,900 personnel[1]
114 ships[2]
Naval Headquarters NHQ, Banani, Dhaka
Nickname(s) BN
Patron The President of Bangladesh
Motto Shantite Shongrame Shamudre Durjoy (Bengali: In War and Peace Invincible at Sea)
Colors White, Blue         
Anniversaries 26 March, 7 November.
Engagements Bangladesh Liberation War
Website www.navy.mil.bd
Commanders
Commander-in-chief President Abdul Hamid
Chief of Naval Staff Vice Admiral Mohammad Nizamuddin Ahmed (TAS), OSP, ndc, psc, BN
Insignia
Naval Ensign Naval Ensign of Bangladesh.svg
Naval Jack Flag of Bangladesh.svg
Aircraft flown
Helicopter AW-109 Power, Harbin Z-9
Patrol Dornier 228 NG

The Bangladesh Navy (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ নৌবাহিনী; Bangladesh Nou Bahini) (NATO reporting name:BN) is the Naval warfare branch of Bangladesh Armed Forces, responsible for Bangladesh's 118,813 sq kilometers (45,873 sq miles) of maritime territorial area, and the defense of important harbors, military bases and economic zones.[3] The President of Bangladesh serves as the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy. The Chief of Naval Staff, usually a four-star officer in the rank of Admiral, commands the navy.[4] The Bangladesh Navy came into the existence during Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, and is headed by Vice Admiral Mohammad Nizamuddin Ahmed.

Bangladesh Navy has 16,900 personnel on active duty and 8,000 in the reserve[citation needed]. It has 185[citation needed] combat ships in active service. During wartime, Bangladesh Coast Guard, with strength of additional 57 combat ships and 1,282 personnel also falls under the command of the Navy.

The primary role of Bangladesh Navy is to protect country's economic and military interest at home and abroad. The Bangladesh navy is a front line disaster management force in Bangladesh and humanitarian missions abroad. It is a key regional player in counter terrorism efforts and engages in global peacekeeping with the United Nations.[5][6][7]

In recent years, the Bangladesh Navy has undergone rapid modernisation to expand Naval fleet strength and expand Naval capabilities.[8] The modernization is a part of Forces Goal 2030, with which Bangladesh Navy intends to transform into a Three Dimensional force to develop Blue water economy and to enhance its position in the region.[9][10]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

The Bangladesh Navy was created as part of Bangladesh Forces during Bangladesh's 1971 liberation war against Pakistan. Its official creation date is July 1971 during the Bangladesh Sector Commanders Conference 1971. In 1971, with West Pakistan imposing a brutal military crack-down in East Pakistan, the Bangladesh Liberation War was already underway. Many Bengali sailors and officers in the Pakistan Navy defected to form the nascent Bangladesh Navy. Initially, there were two ships PADMA and PALASH and 45 navy personnel. On 9 November 1971, the first naval fleet consisting of six small patrol vessels were inaugurated.[11] These ships tried to carry out raids on the Pakistani fleet, but were mistakenly hit and sunk by Indian Air Force on 10 December 1971. The next major attack was launched on Mongla seaport. According to official figures from Bangladesh Navy, a total of 334 sailors were involved with the newly created navy with 22 being killed in action.[12]

Independence to the end of the 20th century[edit]

Bangladesh Navy (BN) came into being during the liberation War of the country in 1971, in which it suffered a number of fatalities. The navy carried out around 45 operations during the war, including traditional naval operations as well as unconventional commando operations including guerrilla warfare. At the first leg of war, defected Bengali sailors joined the guerrilla forces. It was the eight sailors who defected Pakistan Navy sub-marine PNS Mangro, under construction in France, pioneered the formation of naval element of Liberation War. Later many other naval personnel participated. So far the information could be known, there are 334 naval participants; out of which 22 died. In order to avoid misunderstanding and to get necessary assistance naval planners used to coordinate in the planning phase with other sector commanders to carry out operation in their respective sectors. During the Liberation War East Pakistan was divided into 11 sectors. Each sector had a Commander and demarcated area of responsibility except sector 10. It is said that the area of responsibility of sector 10 was the coastal belt but in reality its operation was spread all over the country.[13]

In 1971, it was imperative for the occupation force to keep ports, harbors operative and the sea lines of communication open. The Bangladesh Navy fought to block the sea lines of communication as well as to make the sea and river ports inoperative. They attacked all the seaports including many river ports. Operation Jackpot is one of the most known successful operations. They carried out mining in Passur River Channel by Patrol Craft. With other fighters they also carried out attack against Pakistan Army. As a result, Bangladesh could become an independent state within shortest possible time. Naval participation was extended to a great extent.[14]

After the independence specially in 1970s, additional naval infrastructure was required. Two Ex Royal Navy Frigates joined Navy as BNS Umar Farooq and BNS Ali Haider in 1976 and 1978 respectively. Later, in 1982 the 3rd Ex Royal Navy Frigate joined BN as BNS Abu Bakar. Inclusion of these three Frigate is considered as the principal foundation of Bangladesh Navy. This has introduced the new born nation as a Limited Blue Water Navy to the world.[15]

21st century[edit]

In the 21st century, Bangladesh Navy has played an important role in maintaining peace for Bangladesh on the maritime borders, keeping Bangladesh's vast maritime territory protected from hostile countries and protecting the country's national interests abroad.[citation needed] The Bangladesh Navy has been the frontier disaster management force in both Bangladesh and abroad as it has often been deployed for humanitarian relief in times of natural disaster and crisis across the globe.

The Bangladesh Navy was a part of many territorial water disputes such as the dispute with India over South Talpatti Island during May 1981 and Maritime boundary dispute from 1974 till 2014, when Bangladesh won the right over approximately 19,000 sq kilometers of maritime territory. In 2009, the Bangladesh Navy played an important role in establishing control over 111,000 sq kilometer of maritime territory claimed by Myanmar. About a dozen combat ships and aircraft were deployed to the Bay of Bengal to escort Myanmar Navy ships out of the area.

The Bangladesh Navy plays an important role in providing humanitarian relief in times of natural disasters. The force has been the frontline recovery force before and during Cyclone Sidr, Bangladesh Navy and NOAA's preparation before being hit by cyclone saved estimated 500,000 lives. The Navy was also active in distributing food and medical relief after Cyclone Aila, which hit Bangladesh and India in 2009.

In 2011, Bangladesh Navy's rescue and medical team, along with Army was deployed to Japan after Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.[16] Bangladesh Navy have been an active disaster recovery force abroad. In 2013, the Navy deployed BNS Somudra Joy carrying humanitarian assistance worth of $1 million. Navy's medical team were also deployed to Philippines.[17] In 2014, During Water Crisis in Maldives, Bangladesh Navy was the first to launch humanitarian aid relief by deploying Somudra Joy with 100 tonnes of bottled water. Throughout time, Bangladesh Navy personnel was deployed to India, Pakistan, Haiti, Sri Lanka and Myanmar during crisis.

Bangladesh Navy joined in the search operation of missing Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 with BNS Bangabandhu, BNS Umar Farooq and a Dornier Do-228NG MPA in March 2014. The aircraft was a Boeing 777-200ER which gone missing from the sky 12 Malaysian crew members and 227 passengers from 14 nations during the flight from Malaysia to China. Later, BNS Umar Farooq was replaced by BNS Somudra Joy. The search was renewed in May 2014 when an Australian exploration company claimed to have traced aircraft debris in the Bay of Bengal.[18] This time, the BN responded with BNS Anushandhan, a survey vessel equipped with sophisticated side-scan sonar to scan the ocean bed. BNS Bangabandhu accompanied the survey ship. Both the search operations in March and May 2014 produced no evidence of the missing aircraft. The two missions highlighted the efforts of BN to the rest of the world.

Forces Goal 2030[edit]

In 2009, Bangladesh government adopted a long term modernization plan for its armed forces called Forces Goal 2030. Under this plan navy got more importance due to the strategic importance of Bay of Bengal and possibility of getting huge oil and gas in the bay. Due to disputes over maritime boundary with India and Myanmar navy become more important. As a result, several steps were taken to make navy a three dimensional deterrent force.

As part of the new modernization plan, BN received two ex-RN Castle-class OPVs and an Ex-RN Roebuck-class survey vessel. The Castle-class ships were converted into guided missile corvettes. BN also received two Type 053H2 (Jianghu-III) frigate from PLAN as a stop-gap. Two Durjoy-class Large Patrol Craft (LPC)/Corvettes were built in China and joined BN in 2013. A US Coast Guard High Endurance Cutter joined BN in 2014, which is planned to be converted into a guided-missile frigate while another such ship has handed over to BN in May 2015. US offered third Hamilton Class Cutter in 2015.

Two Type 056 corvettes were ordered from China in 2013 which are under sea trial now The ships are likely to join BN by 2016. Two more such corvettes were ordered in July 2015 and they are under construction now.[19]

Bangladesh Navy opened its aviation wing on 14 July 2011 with the induction of two AgustaWestland AW109 helicopters. Later on, two Dornier Do-228NG MPA was introduced in 2013. Navy is now expecting the delivery of three Harbin Z-9 C helicopters.

To become a three dimensional deterrent force, the Bangladesh Navy is on the process of inducting two off the shelf Type 035G (Ming Class) submarines from China. A submarine base is under construction at Pekua in Cox's Bazar.[20] The boats are expected to arrive by the year 2015.[21]

A new base for the Bangladesh Navy is being established at Rabanabad in Patuakhali. It will be Bangladesh's largest naval base with submarine berthing and aviation facilities.[22]

BN received it first locally made warship BNS Padma in January 2013.[23] All five units of the Padma-class Patrol Vessels were constructed at Khulna Shipyard (KSY) and all joined BN in 2013. At least two follow-up units of Durjoy-class LPCs are being built at KSY, started at the end of 2014. An underway replenishment ship for BN made at the Ananda Shipyard was launched in 2013.[24] The ship will significantly increase the length of stay of BN ships in the deep sea. Recently two Landing craft tank (LCT)s were built at Narayanganj Dockyard.[25]

UN Missions, Multinational Exercises & Naval Diplomacy[edit]

Vice Admiral Ahmed received by Vice Chief of Naval Staff of the Indian Navy, Vice Admiral Lanba

Bangladesh Navy's first UN mission came in 2005, when a Bangladesh Navy contingent was sent to Sudan as Force Riverine Unit (FRU).[26] This unit consisted of six High Speed Boats, two Recce Boats, one inflatable boat and one support vessel fitted with heavy and light machine guns. The mission served there until 2012. Besides a full contingent in SUDAN, BN has deployed one Riverine Unit (Boat Detachment) in ONUCI (Ivory Coast). It is equipped with 02 × High Speed Boat (RIB 33SC) with heavy and light machine gun. This unit is located at Abidjan and responsible for Lagoon patrol, VVIP protection, evacuation, Search & Rescue operation. In 2014, BN deployed another unit to Mali, under UN Multi- Dimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). The unit is known as Bangladesh Riverine Unit (BANRU)-1 (Mali), which is equipped with 2 × HSB (High Speed Boat), 4 X RHIB (Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat), 2 X Gemini Boat and 1 × Support Vessel (Naval Ship).

BN Chief of Staff VA. Farid Habib with Vice Adm. Paul F. Zukunft, Pacific Area commander

Bangladesh Navy is currently serving in United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) in Lebanon since 2010, when two ships BNS Osman and BNS Madhumati were deployed there in May of that year. BN is the third Asian and only subcontinental navy to serve in that volatile region. BN maintained the two ships thousands of miles from Bangladesh in the Mediterranean Sea for four years until June 2014, when the ships were replaced by BNS Ali Haider and BNS Nirmul.[27]

BN ships regularly participate in exercises with other navies, gaining valuable experience and improving their fighting capabilities. CARAT is a yearly exercise conducted with the US Navy in the Bay of Bengal since 2011.[28] BN has sent an OPV to every MILAN multinational naval exercise held near the Andaman Islands since 2010.[29] AMAN, another multinational exercise held every two years in the Arab Sea, organised by Pakistan Navy, has also been participated by BN frigates since 2009.[30] Exercise Ferocious Falcon in the Persian Gulf, organized by Qatar, is also participated by frigate BNS Bangabandhu regularly. BNS Abu Bakar participated in 14th Western Pacific Naval Symposium-2014 in China.

BN ships regularly visit other countries, which go a long way to improve relations among countries. Such naval diplomacy has helped uphold a positive image of Bangladesh in front of the rest of the world.

Personnel[edit]

As of 2014, the Bangladesh Navy has approximately 34,000 active duty personnel. Bangladesh Navy (BN) has its headquarters at Banani, Dhaka. The headquarters has 4 branches, Operations (O), Personnel (P), Material (M) and Logistics (Log). Each branch is headed by officers who are titled as Principal Staff Officer (PSO) and known as Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (ACNS), e.g., ACNS (O). Under each PSO there are various Directorates headed by Directors with the rank of Captain. Under each Director there are Deputy Directors (DD) and Staff Officers (SO).

Flag officers holding command or important positions in the Bangladesh Navy are as follows.

Headquarters[edit]

CNS flag.png Chief of Naval Staff: Vice Admiral Mohammad Nizamuddin Ahmed, OSP, ndc, psc

    • CNS Secretary-Capt Nazrul Islam, (S), psc, BN
    • Judge Advocate Gen-Instructor Commodore M Sahadat Hossain, BN
    • Naval Secretary (NS)-Commodore M Mahbub-ul Islam, (N), BSP, psc, BN
    • Drafting Authority- Commodore S M Hakim, (ND), ndc, ncc, psc BN (in addition)
  • Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Operations): Rear Admiral A M M M Aurangzeb Chowdhury, (G), NBP, ndc, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Operations (DNO)- Commodore K M Azim,(TAS), afwc, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Plans (DNP) - Commodore M Musa, (G), rcds, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Intelligence (DNI) - Commodore Bashiruddin Ahmed, (G), ndc, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Works (D of Wks) - Commodore Kutubuddin Bakhtiar, (E), psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Signals (D Sig) - Captain Mir Imdadul Haque,(H), ndc, psc, BN (in addition)
    • Directorate of Hydrography (D of Hydro) Captain Mir Imdadul Haque, (H), psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Aviation (DNAV)- Commodore M Musa, (G), rcds, psc, BN
  • Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Personnel): Rear Admiral Md Shaheen Iqbal, (TAS), afwc, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Personnel Services (DPS) - Captain S Muniruzzaman, (C), ncc, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Training (DNT)- Commodore A A Mamun Choudhury, (G), psc, BN
    • Directorate of Welfare (D of Wel) - Captain M Kamrul Haque Choudhury, (TAS), psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Education Services (DNES) - Captain M Sharifuddin Bhuiyan, (S), afwc, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Civilian Personnel (DCP) - Mr M A Habib, CSO-I
    • Directorate of Medical Services (DMS) - Surg Captain Mamunur Rahman, BN
  • Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Material): Rear Admiral S M Arshadul Abedin, (E), BSP, ndc, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Engineering (DNE) - Commodore M Moyeenul Haque, (E), nswc, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Weapon and Electrical Engineering (DNW&EE) - Commodore H Kollol, (L), ndu, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Armament Inspection and Supply (DNAI&S) - Captain Shahed Iqbal, (L), psc, BN
    • Directorate of Information Technology (DIT) - Captain M N I Sharif, (L), psc, BN (in addition)
    • Directorate of Ship Building (DSB) - Commodore M Moyeenul Haque, (E), nswc, psc, BN (in addition)
  • Assistant Chief of Naval Staff (Logistics): Rear Admiral Mohammed Saiful Kabir,(L), OSP, ndu, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Stores (DNS) - Commodore Syed Salahuddin Ahmed, (S), ndu, afwc, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Supply & Transport (DNST) - Captain A S M Akhtar Hassan, (S), psc, BN
    • Directorate of Naval Budget (D of Budget) - Captain S M Zamil Hossain (S), afwc, psc, BN
    • Directorate of Technical Stores (DTS) - Captain M Anisur Rahman, (L), psc, BN
    • Directorate of Pay Pension and Accounts (DPP&A)- Captain M Munirul Islam, (S), psc, BN

List of past Chiefs of Naval Staff[edit]

Command Structure[edit]

According to the Constitution of Bangladesh, the President of Bangladesh is the commander-in chief of Bangladesh Armed Forces. The Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), a four-star Admiral,[4] is the highest admiral, directs the non-combat and combatant operations from the Naval Headquarters (NHQ) in Dhaka. The Chief of Naval Staff has four Assistant Chiefs of Naval Staff, The Assistant Chief of Naval Operations, under whom the Naval Operations, and Intelligence Directorate functions; the Assistant Chief of Naval Personnel; the Assistant Chief of Naval Materials; and the Assistant Chief of Naval Logistics.

The Bangladesh Navy has seven major combatant commands, each command is commanded by a Rear admiral or Commodore, who directly reports to Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star Admiral. The Naval Headquarters, is located in Banani, Dhaka.

Sleeve insignia Appointment Rank and Name
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Commander Chittagong Naval Area (COMCHIT) Rear Admiral Akhtar Habib (ND), NGP, ndc, ncc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commander Khulna Naval Area (COMKHUL) Commodore M Shamsul Alam, (G), NUP, ndu, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Naval Administrative Authority Dhaka (Admin Dhaka) Commodore Syed Maksumul Hakim,(ND), BSP, ndc, ncc, psc, BN
Generic-Navy-O9.svg Commander Bangladesh Navy Fleet (COMBAN) Rear Admiral M Khaled Iqbal,(ND), BSP, ndc, psc, BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commodore Superintendent Dockyard (CSD) Commodore Muhammad SHAFIUL AZAM, (E), NUP, ndc, psc BN
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Special Warfare and Diving and Salvage Command (COMSWADS) Commodore M Abu Ashraf,(TAS), ncc, psc, BN (in addition)
UK-Navy-OF6.svg Commodore Naval Aviation(COMNAV) Commodore M Abu Ashraf,(TAS), ncc, psc, BN

Commissioned officers rank[edit]

Structure of the Commissioned officer rank of the Bangladesh Navy
NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer
Bangladesh Bangladesh
(Edit)
Generic-Navy-O12.svg Generic-Navy-O11.svg
US-O10 insignia.svg
Admiral BD Navy Insignia.JPG.gif
Generic-Navy-O10.svg
US-O9 insignia.svg
Vice Admiral of Bangladesh Navy Insignia.gif
Generic-Navy-O9.svg
US-O8 insignia.svg
Rear Admiral of Bangladesh Navy Insignia.gif
UK-Navy-OF6.svg
US-O7 insignia.svg
Commodore of Bangladesh Navy Insignia.gif
Generic-Navy-O7.svg Generic-Navy-O5.svg Generic-Navy-O4.svg Generic-Navy-O3.svg Generic-Navy-O1.svg UK-Navy-OFD.svg UK-Navy-OFStudent.svg
Admiral of the
Fleet
1
Admiral Vice Admiral Rear Admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant-
Commander
Lieutenant Sub-
Lieutenant
Midshipman Officer
Cadet

Bangladesh Naval Academy[edit]

The Bangladesh Naval Academy, is the home of naval cadets for the future officers of Bangladesh Navy, and offers academic degrees programmes at its academy. The academy also provides education, athletic and military training programmes to the officers of alied navies, which includes many navy personnel from Qatar, Sri Lanka, Maldivean and Palestinian Navy.

Special Operations Forces[edit]

The Special Warfare Diving and Salvage (reporting name: SWADS) is the principle and elite special operation force of the Bangladesh Navy. The unit was raised by the Bangladesh Navy in 2009 under the guidance of United States Navy SEALs for Direct action, Amphibious reconnaissance, Intelligence gathering and Counter-terrorism. The SWADS operatives are recruited from the Navy and trained in South Korea, Turkey and United States. The operatives go through a long and extremely tough training and the average drop rate during training is approximately 95%. Although the official strength remains classified, estimated strength is thought to be between 1500 to 2000 operatives. The sub-units inside SWADS includes SEAL, UDT, SBS, EOD, BPC and Sniper, giving the unit Sea, Land and Air Strike Capabilities.[33][34]

Branches[edit]

Bangladesh Navy has 6 administrative branches:

  • The Executive Branch: The Executive branch is responsible for Seamanship, Navigation, Communication, Torpedo Anti Submarine, Gunnery and Hydrographic activities.
  • The Engineering Branch: The Engineering branch is responsible for maintaining Ships engines, hull, propulsion and other mechanical and hydraulic systems of the ship to keep the Ship operational, ensuring its stability, sea keeping, fire fighting and damage control capabilities.
  • The Supply Branch: The supply branch is responsible for providing all logistic support to ships / shore establishments and also secretarial duties. In wartime the supply officer works as Action Crypto Officer.
  • The Electrical Branch: Commonly known as Weapon Electrical branch. The electrical branch is responsible for generation and distribution of power supply in the ship, maintenance of all electrical/electronic equipment, which include Communication Equipment, Radar, Weapon systems and Armaments of the ship.
  • Education Branch :The Education Branch remains committed for instructional duties. Officers work in the Naval law department are also recruited for the education branch.
  • Medical Branch: Doctors from Army Medical and Dental core are deputed in the Navy for short duration. They serve in the ship/establishment and also in naval hospital.

D&R[edit]

Serial & Branch Seaman Mechanical Secretariat Supply Electrical Radio Electrical Regulating Medical
01 OD (Ordinary Seaman) ME II WTR II SA II EN II REN II PM II MA II
02 AB (Able Seaman) ME I WTR I SA I EN I REN I PM I MA I
03 LS (Leading Seaman) LME LWTR LSA LEN LREN LPM LMA
04 PO (Petty Officer) ERA-IV PO(W) PO(S) EA-IV REA-IV PO(R) PO(Med)
05 CPO (Chief Petty Officer) ERA-I/II/III CPO(W) CPO(S) EA-I/II/III REA-I/II/III CPO(REG) CPO(Med)
06 SCPO (Senior Chief Petty Officer) SCPO(E), SCPO(W) SCPO(S) SCPO(L),EA-II/II SCPO(R),REA-II/II SCPO(Reg) SCPO(Med)
07 MCPO (Master Chief Petty Officer) MCPO(E) MCPO(S) MCPO(S) MCPO(L)/CEA MCPO(R)/CREA MCPO(Reg) MCPO(Med)
08 Honorary Sub Lieutenant(X) Hon S Lt(E) Hon S Lt(S) Hon S Lt(S) Hon S Lt(L) Hon S Lt(R) Hon S Lt(Reg) Hon S Lt(W/M)
09 Honorary Lieutenant(X) Hon Lt(E) Hon Lt(S) Hon Lt(S) Hon Lt(L) Hon Lt(R) Hon Lt(Reg) Hon Lt(W/M)

Equipment[edit]

See also: List of historic ships of the Bangladesh Navy for a list of historic ships of the Bangladesh Navy.

Ships[edit]

Personnel aboard BNS Bangabandhu.
Type Number of Ships Notes
Submarine 2 Two Ming-class submarine will enter service in 2016.
Frigate 7 Four additional Frigates are to be purchased for $420 million
Corvette 4 Two Type-056 class corvettes are expected to enter service in 2015. Two additional Type-056 class were ordered from China in 2015.[35]
Large Patrol Craft 6 Two Durjoy-class is currently under construction, Total Eight planned
Offshore Patrol Vessel 11 Five indigenous Padma Class was acquired in 2013, Total 23 Planned.
Fast Attack Craft-Missile 9 4 Boats have been upgraded with C-704 AShM.
Fast Attack Craft-ASW 4 2 Yugoslavian built and 2 Chinese built ASW craft in service.
Fast Attack Craft-Gun 9
Training Ship 1 An Ex-RN Island-class OPV
Mine Warfare 5 Mainly used as offshore patrol vessels.
Amphibious Warfare 19 Four LCU is expected to enter service in 2015.
Survey Ship 2
Auxiliaries 13

Naval Aviation[edit]

Harbin Z-9C
Name Type Number Notes
Dornier Do 228 MPA 2
AgustaWestland AW109 SAR helicopter 2
Harbin Z-9 SAR helicopter 3 On order.

Missiles[edit]

Name Type Range Origin Notes
Otomat Mk 2 Block IV Anti-ship missile 220 km  Italy
C-802A Anti-ship missile 180 km  People's Republic of China
C-704 Anti-ship missile 35 km  People's Republic of China
SY-1 Anti-ship missile 150 km  People's Republic of China
FM-90 Surface-to-air missile 15 km  People's Republic of China
A244-S Torpedo 6 km  Italy

Small Arms[edit]

Name Type Caliber Origin Notes
Type 92 Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm China Standard issue sidearm.
Type 54 Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm China In special Forces and reserve use.
SIG Sauer P226/228/229 Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Germany Switzerland
Type 56 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm Bangladesh Upgraded version of Ak-47. Produced under license by BOF.
BD-08 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm Bangladesh Produced under license by BOF.
M4A1 Assault rifle 5.56×45mm US SWADS.
Daewoo K2 Assault rifle 5.56×45mm S.Korea SWADS.
M24 sniper rifle sniper rifle 7.62×51mm US SWADS.
Heckler and Koch MP5 sub-machine gun 9×19mm Germany
Daewoo K7 sub-machine gun 9×19mm S.Korea
BD-08 Light machine gun 7.62×39mm Bangladesh Produced under license by BOF.
DShK Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm Russia

Future expansion plan[edit]

Bangladesh has made a long term modernization plan for its Armed Forces named Forces Goal 2030.[36] Under this goal, navy will be a three-dimensional deterrent force with operational capabilities in air, surface and under-water.[36] At the same time it has a plan to increase its surface combat capability by adding more ships as well as upgrading the current fleet.[36]

Bangladesh Navy ordered two Type 056 corvettes BNS Shadhinota and BNS Prottoy from Chinain 2013 which are under sea trial now. Two more Type 056 corvettes were ordered from China in July 2015 and they are under construction now.[19]

Second US Coastguard Cutter BNS Somudra Avijan was handed over to Bangladesh Navy on 5 May 2015.[37] Meanwhile, another Hamilton class cutter has been offered to Bangladesh in May 2015.

Bangladesh Navy has signed a contract to make two Durjoy-class LPCs at Khulna Shipyard in 2014. There is a plan to make at least six Durjoy-class LPCs at KSY in near future.

A process is going on to start the construction of two hydrographic research ships at Khulna Shipyard. Two tugboats for submarine are under construction at Khulna Shipyard.

Bangladesh navy has ordered two Type-035G (Ming class) submarines from China worth $200million in 2014 and have a plan to procure two more within 2020. The Ming class submarines will join navy by the year 2016.[21] A submarine base is under construction at Pekua in Cox's Bazar.[20]

Bangladesh Navy has a plan to set up a new base at Rabanabad in Patuakhali, which will be the largest naval base of the country. The base will have submarine berthing and aviation facilities.[22]

Bangladesh Navy has sought Tk.4000 crore from the government to buy two new frigates, Tk.1000 crore for two old frigates, Tk.1,600 crore for two corvettes, Tk.800 crore for two large patrol craft, Tk.200 crore for two patrol ships, Tk.200 crore for a training ship, Tk.200 crore for a logistic ship, Tk.100 crore for a fleet tanker, Tk.400 crore for four mine counter measure vessels, Tk.240 crore for a floating dockyard, Tk.250 crore for two maritime patrol aircraft (MPA), Tk. 160 crore for two helicopters, Tk. 1,000 crore for an oceanographic research vessel and Tk. 400 crore for procuring a rescue and salvage ship by 2020.[38] Sources stated that, within 2016 Bangladseh Navy will get 11 naval vessels.

Bangladesh is also negotiating with China for a loan of $1 billion for setting up different infrastructures and buying naval equipments.

Bangladesh Navy is looking forward to set up a shore based coastal defence system around the coast of Bangladesh. Several offers have been received from Russia, India and China but BN is yet to decide. Russia offered a combination of BAL E and Klub M systems, India offered BrahMos coastal defence system and China offered a combination of C-602 and CX-1 systems and other sensors.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chapter 6: Asia". The Military Balance (2015 ed.). International Institute for Strategic Studies. 17 February 2015. pp. 229–231. ISBN 9781857436426. Retrieved 13 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "BN History". Bangladesh Navy. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Bangladesh's maritime boundary extends". The Financial Express. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c "BN, BAF chiefs rank upgraded". Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "Bangladesh Navy - Modernization". Global Security. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  6. ^ "Navy being upgraded as a global standard force: PM". Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha. 27 December 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "PM: Navy to get two submarines by 2015". Dhaka Tribune. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  8. ^ Das, Pushan. "A ‘Three-Dimensional’ Bangladesh Navy in the Bay of Bengal". The Diplomat. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Submarine Purchases Could Indicate Bangladesh's Changing Strategic Direction". futuredirections.org.au. Future Directions International. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  10. ^ Sakhuja, Bijay. "Bangladesh Navy : Building Multidimensional Capabilities". South Asian Defense and Strategic Review. Retrieved 2 July 2015. 
  11. ^ "War of Liberation, The". banglapedia.org. 
  12. ^ "Bangladesh Navy in Liberation War". Bangladesh Navy. Archived from the original on 13 June 2010. 
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