Air marshal (Pakistan)

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Air marshal
Flag of an Air marshal in Pakistan Air Force
Three-stars, crossed swords and laurel device worn by a Pakistani air marshal
Country Pakistan
Service branch Pakistan Air Force
AbbreviationAM, AIRMSHL
Non-NATO rankOF-8
Next higher rankAir chief marshal
Next lower rankAir vice-marshal
Equivalent ranksVice Admiral
Lieutenant general[1]

Air marshal /ɛərˈmɑːrʃl/ (abbreviated as AM or AIRMSHL) is a commissioned three-star military rank in Pakistan Air Force with a NATO's equivalent rank code of OF-8. It ranks above two-star air vice marshal and below four-star air chief marshal, and while it is the second-highest rank of a military branch in uniformed services distinct from navy and army, it is equivalent to Vice admiral of navy and lieutenant general of army.[2][3]

Promotion to the rank of air marshal requires a solid record of military achievement by an air vice marshal.[4] However, the rank is also used for fighter pilots as a position advancement.[5] A two-star military aviator with no history of violations and immorality are promoted to the three-star rank in air force.[6][7]

Appointment and promotion[edit]

Air marshal is directly appointed and promoted by the federal government[5] in accordance with rules and regulations of air force ordinance.[8] An officer with two-star rank (air vice marshal) is appointed to the rank of air marshal throughout the Pakistan air force history.[9][10] It helds air chief marshal ranks upon next promotion.[11]

Statutory limits[edit]

Since it's the second-highest rank coupled with additional powers and benefits, the law of Pakistan restricts the use of unsanctioned power by a three-star marshal and can be constraint under a certain constitutional amendment.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "PAKISTAN AIR FORCE". Official website. 13 January 2010. Archived from the original on 13 January 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Officer Rank Insignia".
  3. ^ ""Pakistan Navy Official Website" Equivalent ranks".
  4. ^ "Promotions in Pakistan Air Force".
  5. ^ a b "Three PAF officers promoted to Air Marshal rank - Pakistan Today".
  6. ^ "Promotions in PAF: Two officers promoted as Air Marshal, four as Air Vice Marshal".
  7. ^ "Three PAF officers promoted". DAWN.COM. July 4, 2018.
  8. ^ "PIA CEO moves apex court against high court's verdict - Pakistan Today".
  9. ^ "PAF officer promoted to Air Marshal, 13 others to Air Vice Marshal rank". The Express Tribune. July 5, 2019.
  10. ^ "3 PAF officers promoted to rank of Air Marshal".
  11. ^ Agency, United States Central Intelligence (April 3, 1972). "Daily Report, Foreign Radio Broadcasts" – via Google Books.
  12. ^ "SC tells Air Marshal Malik to choose between PAF and PIA". Daily Times. February 21, 2020.