413 Transport and Rescue Squadron
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|413 Transport and Rescue Squadron|
|Branch||Royal Canadian Air Force|
|Role||Transport and rescue|
|Part of||14 Wing Greenwood|
|Home station||CFB Greenwood|
|Motto||Ad vigilamus undis
("We watch the waves")
|Squadron Badge||Elephant head over a maple leaf|
|Fighter||F-86 Sabre, Avro CF-100|
413 Transport and Rescue Squadron is an air force squadron of the Canadian Forces. It was originally a flying boat squadron of the Royal Canadian Air Force during the Second World War. It currently operates the C-130 Hercules and the CH-149 Cormorant in transport plus search and rescue roles at CFB Greenwood.
413 Squadron was created as the third RCAF squadron attached to the RAF Coastal Command and equipped with PBY Catalina flying boats. The squadron gained fame for the actions of Squadron Leader Leonard Birchall, who detected a large Japanese task force approaching Ceylon. This allowed time for the defenders to prepare, and foiled what could have been a major blow to the Royal Navy in the Indian Ocean. The squadron was disbanded in February 1945.
Reformed at RCAF Rockcliffe on April 1, 1947, it took over the duties of No. 13 (Photographic) Squadron. It operated in this role until November 1, 1950.
The squadron reformed again on August 1, 1951 as a fighter squadron at CFB Bagotville. Equipped with the F-86 Sabre they deployed to Zweibrücken, Germany. The squadron stood down on April 7, 1957 and was then reformed on May 1 operating the Avro CF-100 Canuck at Bagotville. The squadron again disbanded on December 30, 1961.
The squadron was reactivated at CFB Summerside on July 8, 1968 in its current role of a Transportation and Rescue Squadron. With the closure of Summerside, the squadron relocated to CFB Greenwood on June 10, 1991.
On July 13, 2006, 413 Squadron suffered the first fatal crash of a Cormorant in Canadian service when a CH-149 (Aircraft 149914) based at CFB Greenwood crashed while conducting a night training exercise near Canso, Nova Scotia. Killed in the incident were Sgt. Duane Brazil, 39; Master Cpl. Kirk Noel, 33; and Cpl. Trevor McDavid, 31, four other crew members were injured.
- Baker, D.J. A History of 413 Squadron. Renfrew, Ontario: General Store Publishing House, 1997. ISBN 1-896182-77-1.
- Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1981-1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
- Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5. pp. 238–239.
- "No. 413 Squadron". canadianwings.com. 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- "413 Transport and Rescue Squadron". Royal Canadian Air Force. 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- McNeill, Ross (August 1999). "No.413 (Tusker) Squadron RCAF". rafcommands.com. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- Flying Officer H. A. Halliday (September 1963). "The Tuskers' Tale: Squadron No. 413" (PDF). The Roundel 15 (7).
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