4G connectivity in Australia

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In telecommunications, 4G is the fourth generation of cell phone mobile communications standards. It is a successor of the third generation (3G) standards. A 4G system provides mobile "ultra-broadband" Internet access.[1] Many Australian networks are currently rolling out 4G networks nationwide.

Networks[edit]

Operator Frequency
(MHz)
Band Duplex
mode
Notes Available Spectrum
Optus 700 28 FDD 10 MHz available 31 December 2014[2] Currently (as of July '14) operating in Darwin and Perth CBDs. 10 MHz
Optus 1800 3 FDD Currently operating in Brisbane, Sydney, Newcastle, Perth, Melbourne and Adelaide. up to 15 MHz
Optus 2100 1 FDD Currently operating in Darwin[3] and Tasmania up to 20 MHz
Optus 2300 40 TDD First Deployment in Canberra with possible extensions to other capital cities. up to 98 MHz
Optus 2600 7 FDD As of January 2015- 13 Sites Live Sydney CBD/North Sydney, 5 Sites Live Melbourne CBD. 20 MHz
Telstra 700 28 FDD Trialling with early access granted. License starts 31 December 2014. 20 MHz
Telstra 900 8 FDD Announced 20 February 2014 to broaden scope of 4G network 5 MHz
Telstra 1800 3 FDD Currently operating in Australian capital cities and regional centres 10 to 20 MHz
Telstra 2600 7 FDD Currently operating in selected locations.[citation needed] 40 MHz
TPG 2600 7 FDD Possible deployment from 1 October 2014. 10 MHz
Vodafone 850 5 FDD Rolling out to reach 95% of metro population by the end of 2014, Currently available in parts of Adelaide. 5 MHz for now, alongside WCDMA850. up to 10 MHz
Vodafone 1800 3 FDD Currently operating in Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, Adelaide, Brisbane and outer metro areas. up to 30 MHz
Vodafone 2100 1 FDD Rolling out to Cairns in the future. TBA
  • after analogue T.V is switched off and digital T.V is re-stacked.[4]

Carrier Aggregation[edit]

Optus[edit]

In September 2014, Optus launched LTE Carrier Aggregation in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Optus markets LTE Carrier Aggregation as "4G Plus". Optus combines two 20 MHz channels of 2.3 GHz spectrum.[5]

Telstra[edit]

At the end of September 2014, Telstra has opted not to extend combined 900 MHz and 1800 MHz Carrier Aggregation service.[6]

In November 2014, Telstra launched LTE Carrier Aggregation (marketed as 4GX) in parts of Sydney, Adelaide, Perth, Darwin and ten regional centres (Albany, Ulladulla, Murray Bridge, Narrawallee, Shepparton, Bateman’s Bay, Swansea, Bunbury, Port Macquarie and Chinchilla), bringing to 26 the number of communities with the service. The operator wants to bring "4GX" to at least 50 regional centres by New Year’s Day. Telstra combines 20 MHz of 700 MHz spectrum and 20 MHz of 1.8 GHz spectrum.[7]

VoLTE[edit]

Telstra[8] and Vodafone[9] announced to launch Voice over LTE (VoLTE) in 2015.

Frequencies[edit]

700 MHz[edit]

The 700 MHz band was previously used for analogue television and became operational with 4G in December 2014.

Optus[edit]

Optus announced trials of its 4G 700 MHz network in Darwin and Perth CBDs on July 21, 2014.[10]
The 700mhz network was made active on January 1, 2015.[11]

Telstra[edit]

In July 2014 Telstra announced a trial of 4G services in the 700 MHz spectrum in Perth, Fremantle, Esperance, Mildura, Mt Isa and Griffith.[12] Service launched in November 2014.[13] This band will be the basis for the '4GX' brand.

850 MHz[edit]

The 850 MHz band is currently operated as a 3G network by Telstra and Vodafone and as a 4G network by Vodafone.

Vodafone switched the 4G 850 network on in Adelaide on 6 October 2014.[14] By the end of 2014 all other capital cities and some regional centers had access to 4G 850.

1800 MHz[edit]

The 1800 MHz band is currently operated as a 2G and 4G network by Optus, Telstra and Vodafone.

Optus[edit]

Optus has now installed their 4G networks in all the capital cities and thousands of regional areas, and markets that they currently cover 86% of the Australian population with their 4G Plus Network[15]

Telstra[edit]

Telstra was the first mobile phone network to operate 4G and 2G in the same band. Their 4G network covers capital cities and some regional areas.[16]

Vodafone[edit]

The Vodafone 4G network was first live in selected metro areas of Sydney, Melbourne, Perth, Adelaide and Brisbane, and the outer metro areas of Wollongong, Gold Coast, Newcastle and Geelong from June 12, 2013. The 1800 MHz network has since been expanded to include all capital cities and major outer metro areas.

2600 MHz[edit]

Optus[edit]

Optus and Telstra trialled the 2600 MHz frequency in Australia.[17][18] Service launched in October 2014.[19]

Telstra[edit]

Telstra announced to use the frequency 2016 for commercial service.[20]

4G Sites (Base Stations)[edit]

Telstra- Telstra currently has over 3800 4G base stations in Australia [21]

Optus - Optus is estimated to have between 1000 and 1250 4G base stations [22]

Vodafone - Vodafone is estimated to have approximately 1000 4G base stations [23]

Resellers[edit]

The following mobile virtual network operators offer 4G services in Australia:

Optus subsidiaries and affiliates using Optus's LTE network
Operator Launch date Notes
ACN May 2013 [24] affiliate
Amaysim March 2015 [25] affiliate
Bendigo Bank Telco (?) [26] affiliate
Commander November 2013 [27] affiliate
Exetel October 2012 [28] affiliate
iiNet October 2012 [29] affiliate
Internode July 2013 [30] affiliate
Live Connected April 2013 [31] affiliate
SpinTel April 2013 [32] affiliate
Startel (?) [33] affiliate
Vaya Mobile April 2013 [34] affiliate
Virgin Mobile Australia September 2012 [35] subsidiary
Yatango Mobile May 2014 [36]

4G Roaming[edit]

Telstra[edit]

In January 2013, Telstra launched LTE-Roaming in Hong Kong. Telstra partners with csl.[37]

Vodafone[edit]

In mid-February 2014, Vodafone announced LTE-Roaming for New Zealand, UK and Europe.[38] In August 2014, Vodafone launched LTE-Roaming for New Zealand.[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maher, William (15 September 2011). "Get ready for the 4G hype machine". PC Authority. Retrieved 11 April 2012. 
  2. ^ "Digital Dividend". Department of Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy. Archived from the original on 2010-01-20. Retrieved 14 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "OPTUS BRINGS ITS 4G TO DARWIN FOR THE FIRST TIME". Optus. 2014-07-23. Retrieved 2014-11-05. 
  4. ^ "Optus Press Release" (Press release). Optus. 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Optus launches LTE-A commercially in four cities". TeleGeography. 2014-09-22. Retrieved 2014-11-08. 
  6. ^ "Telstra to focus on deploying LTE-A using 700MHz and 1800MHz spectrum". TeleGeography. 2014-09-23. Retrieved 2014-11-08. 
  7. ^ "Telstra unveils faster 4GX service". Telecompaper. 2014-11-03. Retrieved 2014-11-08. 
  8. ^ Josh Taylor (2014-11-03). "Telstra expands 700MHz '4GX' rollout to Brisbane, Hobart". ZDNet. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  9. ^ Anthony Flannery (2014-08-20). "Vodafone to build network of the future" (PDF). Vodafone. Retrieved 2014-11-08. 
  10. ^ "OPTUS IS TURNING ON ITS FIRST COMMERCIAL 700MHZ 4G NETWORK IN DARWIN AND PERTH". Optus. 2014-07-21. Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  11. ^ https://media.optus.com.au/media-releases/2015/dont-4get-australia-optus-has-you-covered/
  12. ^ "Telstra launches future of 4G in Perth, Mildura, Griffith and Mt Isa". Telstra. 2014-07-21. Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  13. ^ "Telstra unveils faster 4GX service". Telecompaper. 2014-11-03. Retrieved 2014-11-03. 
  14. ^ http://www.itwire.com/it-industry-news/telecoms-and-nbn/65614-vodafone-turns-on-4g-in-adelaide
  15. ^ "OPTUS 4G PLUS MOBILE NETWORK" (Press release). Optus. July 1, 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  16. ^ http://www.telstra.com.au/mobile-phones/coverage-networks/network-information/4g/
  17. ^ "Optus to start 2600MHz LTE trials". itnews. 2014-01-30. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  18. ^ "Telstra notches download speeds of 450Mbps in LTE-A Carrier Aggregation test". TeleGeography. 2014-05-15. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  19. ^ "Optus expands 4G service to 200 additional destinations". Telecompaper. 2014-10-07. Retrieved 2014-11-05. 
  20. ^ "Mobile Update" (pdf). Telestra. 2014-05-26. p. 6. Retrieved 2014-07-08. 
  21. ^ "Larger and with more reliable speeds". Telstra. 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  22. ^ "Optus targets networks and data to ‘take on’ Telstra". Financial Review. 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  23. ^ "Optus targets networks and data to ‘take on’ Telstra". Financial Review. 2013-12-18. Retrieved 2015-06-16. 
  24. ^ "ACN's 4G Mobile Coverage". ACN. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  25. ^ "amaysim launches 4G". Amaysim. Retrieved 2015-03-25. 
  26. ^ "Network Coverage". Bendigo Bank Telco. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  27. ^ "4G Business Plans, 3 New Smartphone Offerings Revealed". Commander. 2013-11-28. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  28. ^ "Exetel launches 4G mobile plans". delimiter. 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  29. ^ "iiNet 4G launch boosts customer choice". iiNet. 2012-10-09. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  30. ^ "Internode launches 4G NodeMobile plans". Internode. 2013-07-16. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  31. ^ "Live Connected reveals "sliding" 4G mobile plans". Computerworld. 2013-04-04. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  32. ^ "Mobile Broadband". SpinTel. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  33. ^ "Coverage Information". Startel. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  34. ^ "Vaya launches 4G service". cnet. 2013-04-10. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  35. ^ "ARE YOU READY FOR SERIOUSLY QUICK MOBILE INTERNET? VIRGIN MOBILE IS." (PDF). Virgin Mobile Australia. 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  36. ^ "4G has arrived at Yatango!". yatango. 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2014-09-06. 
  37. ^ Josh Taylor (2013-01-16). "Telstra launches 4G roaming in Hong Kong". ZDNet. Retrieved 2014-09-19. 
  38. ^ "Vodafone unveils largest 4G international roaming network" (PDF). Vodafone. 2014-02-18. Retrieved 2014-09-19. 
  39. ^ "Vodafone gives customers travelling to New Zealand a 4G boost" (PDF). Vodafone. 2014-08-20. Retrieved 2014-09-19. 

External links[edit]