|539 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1292|
|Balinese saka calendar||460–461|
|Chinese calendar||戊午年 (Earth Horse)|
3235 or 3175
— to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
3236 or 3176
|- Vikram Samvat||595–596|
|- Shaka Samvat||460–461|
|- Kali Yuga||3639–3640|
|Iranian calendar||83 BP – 82 BP|
|Islamic calendar||86 BH – 85 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1373 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||850/851 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1081–1082|
665 or 284 or −488
— to —
666 or 285 or −487
Year 539 (DXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Strategius without colleague (or, less frequently, year 1292 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 539 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- March – Gothic War: The Goths and the Burgundians recapture Mediolanum (modern Milan), after many months of siege, the city reaching the point of starvation. The Byzantine garrison (1,000 men) surrenders and is spared, but the inhabitants are massacred (according to Procopius 300,000 people are murdered), and the city itself is destroyed.
- Belisarius, still besieging Ravenna, negotiates a treaty with Theodebert I (whose forces are suffering from dysentery), and the Franks retreat to Gaul. The Byzantine fleet controls the Adriatic Sea and blockades the port of the capital from supplies.
- Emperor Justinian I becomes alarmed by renewed barbarian incursions across the Danube frontier from the Slavs, the Bulgars, the Gepids, and the Avars.
- November 29 – Antioch is struck by an earthquake.
- Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib, leader of the Banu Hashim and uncle of Muhammad (d. 619)
- Bertha, wife of Æthelberht of Kent
- Chilperic I, king of Neustria (approximate date)
- Maurice, emperor of the Byzantine Empire (d. 602)