58th parallel north

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58th parallel north

The 58th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 58 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 18 hours, 11 minutes during the summer solstice and 6 hours, 27 minutes during the winter solstice.[1]

Around the world[edit]

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 58° north passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
58°0′N 0°0′E / 58.000°N 0.000°E / 58.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian) North Sea
58°0′N 7°2′E / 58.000°N 7.033°E / 58.000; 7.033 (Norway)  Norway Southernmost point
58°0′N 7°32′E / 58.000°N 7.533°E / 58.000; 7.533 (Skagerrak) Skagerrak
58°0′N 11°32′E / 58.000°N 11.533°E / 58.000; 11.533 (Sweden)  Sweden
58°0′N 16°47′E / 58.000°N 16.783°E / 58.000; 16.783 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Passing just north of the islands of Gotland and Fårö,  Sweden
58°0′N 22°1′E / 58.000°N 22.017°E / 58.000; 22.017 (Estonia)  Estonia Island of Saaremaa
58°0′N 22°11′E / 58.000°N 22.183°E / 58.000; 22.183 (Gulf of Riga) Gulf of Riga
58°0′N 24°25′E / 58.000°N 24.417°E / 58.000; 24.417 (Estonia)  Estonia
58°0′N 24°55′E / 58.000°N 24.917°E / 58.000; 24.917 (Latvia)  Latvia
58°0′N 25°15′E / 58.000°N 25.250°E / 58.000; 25.250 (Estonia)  Estonia For about 3 km
58°0′N 25°18′E / 58.000°N 25.300°E / 58.000; 25.300 (Latvia)  Latvia For about 9 km
58°0′N 25°27′E / 58.000°N 25.450°E / 58.000; 25.450 (Estonia)  Estonia
58°0′N 27°41′E / 58.000°N 27.683°E / 58.000; 27.683 (Russia)  Russia Passing through Perm and Ust-Ilimsk
58°0′N 140°33′E / 58.000°N 140.550°E / 58.000; 140.550 (Sea of Okhotsk) Sea of Okhotsk
58°0′N 157°40′E / 58.000°N 157.667°E / 58.000; 157.667 (Russia)  Russia Kamchatka Peninsula
58°0′N 161°59′E / 58.000°N 161.983°E / 58.000; 161.983 (Bering Sea) Bering Sea
58°0′N 157°37′W / 58.000°N 157.617°W / 58.000; -157.617 (United States)  United States Alaska - Alaska Peninsula
58°0′N 155°2′W / 58.000°N 155.033°W / 58.000; -155.033 (Shelikof Strait) Shelikof Strait
58°0′N 153°5′W / 58.000°N 153.083°W / 58.000; -153.083 (United States)  United States Alaska - Raspberry Island and Afognak Island
58°0′N 152°47′W / 58.000°N 152.783°W / 58.000; -152.783 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Gulf of Alaska
58°0′N 136°31′W / 58.000°N 136.517°W / 58.000; -136.517 (United States)  United States Alaska - Yakobi Island, Chichagof Island, Admiralty Island and the mainland
58°0′N 133°3′W / 58.000°N 133.050°W / 58.000; -133.050 (Canada)  Canada British Columbia
58°0′N 92°49′W / 58.000°N 92.817°W / 58.000; -92.817 (Hudson Bay) Hudson Bay
58°0′N 77°12′W / 58.000°N 77.200°W / 58.000; -77.200 (Canada)  Canada Quebec
Newfoundland and Labrador
58°0′N 62°9′W / 58.000°N 62.150°W / 58.000; -62.150 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean
58°0′N 7°6′W / 58.000°N 7.100°W / 58.000; -7.100 (United Kingdom)  United Kingdom Scotland - island of Lewis and Harris
58°0′N 6°23′W / 58.000°N 6.383°W / 58.000; -6.383 (The Minch) The Minch
58°0′N 5°19′W / 58.000°N 5.317°W / 58.000; -5.317 (United Kingdom)  United Kingdom Scotland
58°0′N 3°52′W / 58.000°N 3.867°W / 58.000; -3.867 (North Sea) North Sea


In general this parallel sees significant differences in temperature and precipitation with proximity to warm ocean currents. The moderation from the Gulf Stream ensures a moderate oceanic climate in much of Western Europe and on the immediate coastline of Alaska, whereas moving inland on continental masses, the subarctic climates are dominant as the dark winters dominate the temperature cycle. In the transitional area of Sweden this latitude sees both warm summers and snowy winters around the freezing point.

Where cold ocean currents dominate such as near the Hudson Bay the climate is polar, rendering in severe winter conditions and very subdued summers. This type of climate is seen in the surroundings of Inukjuak in Quebec, Canada, where the sea ice eliminates winter moderation, but the thawing of the cold water renders in very cool summers as well. In more hypercontinental cold areas such as these winters commonly go below −30 °C (−22 °F) even during the day. Further west in inland areas winters are often as severe, but summers average above 22 °C (72 °F), similar to Sweden and western Russia, where climates are much gentler.

See also[edit]