58th parallel north
Around the world
Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 58° north passes through:
Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes North Sea Norway Southernmost point Skagerrak Sweden Baltic Sea Passing just north of the islands of Gotland and Fårö, Sweden Estonia Island of Saaremaa Gulf of Riga Estonia Latvia Estonia For about 3 km Latvia For about 9 km Estonia Russia Passing through Perm and Ust-Ilimsk Sea of Okhotsk Russia Kamchatka Peninsula Bering Sea United States Alaska - Alaska Peninsula Shelikof Strait United States Alaska - Raspberry Island and Afognak Island Pacific Ocean Gulf of Alaska United States Alaska - Yakobi Island, Chichagof Island, Admiralty Island and the mainland Canada British Columbia
Hudson Bay Canada Quebec
Newfoundland and Labrador
Atlantic Ocean United Kingdom Scotland - island of Lewis and Harris The Minch United Kingdom Scotland North Sea
In general this parallel sees significant differences in temperature and precipitation with proximity to warm ocean currents. The moderation from the Gulf Stream ensures a moderate oceanic climate in much of Western Europe and on the immediate coastline of Alaska, whereas moving inland on continental masses, the subarctic climates are dominant as the dark winters dominate the temperature cycle. In the transitional area of Sweden this latitude sees both warm summers and snowy winters around the freezing point.
Where cold ocean currents dominate such as near the Hudson Bay the climate is polar, rendering in severe winter conditions and very subdued summers. This type of climate is seen in the surroundings of Inukjuak in Quebec, Canada, where the sea ice eliminates winter moderation, but the thawing of the cold water renders in very cool summers as well. In more hypercontinental cold areas such as these winters commonly go below −30 °C (−22 °F) even during the day. Further west in inland areas winters are often as severe, but summers average above 22 °C (72 °F), similar to Sweden and western Russia, where climates are much gentler.