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|Line(s) served||Moscow Metro:
Bolshaya Koltsevaya line
|Car length||20 m (65 ft 7 3⁄8 in)/19.21 m (63 ft 1⁄4 in)|
|Width||2.7 m (8 ft 10 1⁄4 in)|
|Height||3.644 m (11 ft 11 1⁄2 in)|
|Maximum speed||100 km/h (62 mph)|
|Weight||34.5 t (34.0 long tons; 38.0 short tons)/33 t (32 long tons; 36 short tons)|
|Power output||660 kW (890 hp)|
|Acceleration||1.3 m/s2 (4.3 ft/s2)|
|Deceleration||1.3 m/s2 (4.3 ft/s2)|
|Track gauge||1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) Russian gauge|
81-720/721 (Yauza, Russian: Яуза), is a subway car model used by the Moscow Metro. The origins of the design go back to 1987, and the first train was built in 1990-1991. Production of "Yauza" has since been discontinued due to ongoing reliability issues.
The 81-720/721 "Jauza" subway cars.
The automated train control system "Vityaz-1" was developed by JSC "Research Institute of Instrument them. Tikhomirov ". 
In 1993, at the Polezhaevskaya subway station, Russian President Boris Yeltsin, Prime Minister V.S. Chernomyrdin, and Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov attended the ceremony marking the debut of the new trains, consisting of 81-720 (lead) and 81-721 (intermediate) cars numbered 001-002-003-004-005.
The new cars deviated significantly from the traditional design. The body is made of stainless steel, painted in a yellow-gray color scheme as opposed to the traditional blue color scheme used on previous models. The lead cars had a distinctive modern design at the cab end. Other improvements included the addition of ceiling fans (as opposed to air ducts used on the older series cars), cab air conditioning and heating systems, more standee room (increasing the capacity of each car by 30 - 40 people), bigger cab, and a new design of the trucks. The original design featured padded bench seats matching the contours of the human back, however this design was soon dropped and subsequent models were built with the standard anti-vandal plastic seats. The cars had DC-120 type traction motors (4 per car) and a thyristor-pulse control system developed by AEC "Dynamo", as well as regenerative breaking, recycling energy back into the third rail, allowing the cars to operate smoother, quieter, and more efficiently. The maximum design speed was increased to 100 km/h vs 90 km/h for the 81-717/714 and earlier classes of cars due.
The cars featured an automatic sprinkler system that would instantly form a water cloud inside the car in the event of a fire, however there are also fire extinguishers in each car.
In late 1992, a new experimental version of Yauza came out, equipped with Dinamo-made AC traction motors. Tests were carried out in the suburban ring VNIIZhT Sherbinka. Since there is no third rail at the test site, the train was temporarily fitted with a pantograph to collect power from overhead wires, which were set to provide 850 V of current. Unfortunately, the cars have not been completely trouble-free. Often numerous mechanical or structural difficulties were encountered.
The Yauza trains operate regularly on the Kakhovskaya and Lublin-Dmitrov lines: 6 81-720/721 trains built between 1991 and 2002 on Kakhovskaya Line and 3 81-720.1/721.1 trains built in 2004 on Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya Line. No further production runs were made and the Moscow Metro chose instead to purchase more 81-717/714.5M and brand new 81-740/741 models. The rest of the service on the Lublin-Dmitrov line is provided by 81-717/714.5M and 81-717/714.6K trains. It is planned to eventually transfer all 81-720/721.1 cars to the Kakhovskaya line.
Several surplus 81-720/721 cars remained on JSC "Metrovagonmash" property until 2010, before being scrapped to give space for the ongoing production of the future 81-760/761 cars, and one 81-721 car remained stored in the "Krasnaya Presnya" depot prior to disposal in August 2013.