A Royal Affair
|A Royal Affair|
|Danish||En kongelig affære|
|Directed by||Nikolaj Arcel|
|Based on||Prinsesse af blodet|
by Bodil Steensen-Leth
|Distributed by||Nordisk Film Distribution|
|Budget||47,7 million kr. (US$7.8 million)|
|Box office||US$14.7 million|
A Royal Affair (Danish: En kongelig affære) is a 2012 Danish historical drama film directed by Nikolaj Arcel, starring Mads Mikkelsen, Alicia Vikander and Mikkel Følsgaard. The story is set in the 18th century, at the court of the mentally ill King Christian VII of Denmark, and focuses on the romance between his wife, Caroline Matilda of Great Britain, and the royal physician Johann Friedrich Struensee.
The film received two Silver Bears at the 62nd Berlin International Film Festival, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 85th Academy Awards. It was also nominated for the Best Foreign Language Film award at the 70th Golden Globe Awards.
Princess Caroline Matilda of Great Britain is shown writing a letter to her children in which she professes to tell them the truth. In flashback, Caroline talks of England, as she was about to leave to marry Christian VII of Denmark. She is passionate about the arts and education, but when she arrives in Denmark she is told that many of her books are banned by the state. Christian is mentally ill and Caroline is unhappy in the marriage. She is soon pregnant with a son (Frederick VI of Denmark), but the couple grow far apart and the king stops visiting her bedroom.
The German doctor Johann Friedrich Struensee is recruited to work as the king's personal physician. Struensee is a man of the Enlightenment, greatly influenced by the writings of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. He keeps this secret from the state, who welcome him because his father is a well-known priest. King Christian takes a strong liking to Struensee and he becomes a close friend and confidant. When Struensee manages to inoculate Prince Frederick against a smallpox epidemic, he becomes greatly respected in the court. Christian has very little influence in the Privy Council, and the laws of the country are mostly decided by statesmen, but Struensee tells the king that he can have more power by "acting". The doctor begins writing speeches for the king which advocate his own progressive views, and several reforms are passed in Denmark.
Caroline and Struensee learn of their mutual interests and liberal views. They fall in love and begin an affair. When Caroline becomes pregnant, they protect themselves by convincing Christian to resume sleeping with her. As a result, Princess Louise Auguste is believed to be the king's daughter. Meanwhile, Struensee is appointed a Royal Adviser and eventually persuades Christian to assign him the right to pass any law, making him Denmark's de facto leader. His reforms include the abolition of censorship, the abolition of torture, and reducing the power of the aristocracy. The queen dowager, Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, notices the romance between Caroline and Struensee and their affair is revealed. Christian is initially angry, but he forgives his friend and states that they must carry on as if nothing had changed.
Juliana and the prominent statesman Ove Høegh-Guldberg are strongly against Struensee's reforms, while the Danish people also grow unhappy when it becomes clear an immoral foreigner has power over the country. Høegh-Guldberg incites a coup against him. Christian refuses to hand Struensee over to the people, but Høegh-Guldberg lies that the doctor and Caroline are planning to murder him and take control of Denmark. Christian thus allows Caroline to be arrested and taken to live in exile, while Struensee is sentenced to death. Christian issues a pardon, not wanting his friend to die, but Høegh-Guldberg keeps this from becoming known in time and Struensee is beheaded. Høegh-Guldberg becomes Denmark's new de facto leader, and many of Struensee's reforms are overturned.
The film returns to Caroline writing the letter, where she reveals that she is dying of an illness. Ten years later, Prince Frederick and Princess Louise Auguste read the letter. On-screen text reveals that Frederick soon became king via a coup d'état and returned to the reforming ways of Struensee.
- Mads Mikkelsen as Johann Friedrich Struensee
- Alicia Vikander as Caroline Matilda of Great Britain
- Mikkel Følsgaard as Christian VII of Denmark
- David Dencik as Ove Høegh-Guldberg
- Søren Malling as Hartmann
- Trine Dyrholm as Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
- William Jøhnk Nielsen as Frederick, Crown Prince of Denmark
- Cyron Bjørn Melville as Enevold Brandt
- Rosalinde Mynster as Natasha
- Laura Bro as Louise von Plessen
- Bent Mejding as Count Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff
- Thomas W. Gabrielsson as Schack Carl Rantzau
- Søren Spanning as Münster
- John Martinus as Christian Ditlev Reventlow
- Erika Guntherová as Lady in Waiting
- Harriet Walter as Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
- Klaus Tange as Minister
Nikolaj Arcel and Rasmus Heisterberg started the writing process by reading the 1999 novel The Visit of the Royal Physician by Per Olov Enquist, which is based on the events surrounding Johann Friedrich Struensee's time at the Danish court. The exclusive film rights for the novel were already sold to a company which had been struggling for over a decade to make a large-scale adaptation in English, and did not want to sell the rights to Zentropa. Research continued and the film was eventually credited as based on Bodil Steensen-Leth's erotic novel Prinsesse af blodet, which tells the story from the perspective of the queen, Caroline Mathilde. The film's perspective and characterisation did still remain highly influenced by Enquist's version, in particular in the portrayal of Struensee as an idealistic promoter of freedom of speech, the romantic view of the royal court as an ironical charade and the role of the queen as a revolutionary partner-in-crime to Struensee. To avoid conflicts about rights, Enquist was contacted to clarify some instances of what he had made up and what was based on documented events, and a person was employed specifically to compare the screenplay and the novel to guarantee that they were dissimilar enough.
The film was produced by Zentropa and is a co-production among Denmark, Sweden and the Czech Republic. It had a budget of 47.7 million Danish kroner. (approximately US$7.8 million in 2022) Before settling on the final title, the film had the production titles Dronningen og livlægen ("The queen and the royal physician"), based in part on the title of Enquist's book, and Caroline Mathildes år ("Caroline Mathilde's years").
A Royal Affair opened at 7 theaters domestically in its first week (from 9 to 15 November 2012), grossing US$59,841. In its second week, this doubled to US$120,012 for a total gross of US$179,853. It went on to gross a total of US$1,546,761 in 25 weeks domestically and US$13,212,236 internationally for a worldwide total of US$14,758,997 against a budget of US$7.8 million.
The film received critical acclaim. Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 90% based on 110 reviews, with an average rating of 7.25/10 and the summary, "A Royal Affair is a lavish and sumptuous costume drama with a juicy story to back it up." Metacritic gives a weighted average rating of 73 based on reviews from 27 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews."
Historian Alfred Brown notes that the film depicts Struensee as speaking fluent Danish, when in fact he did not speak it and persistently used German, which helped alienate him from Danish society. Brown also notes that "The exiled Queen's letter to her children makes a good frame story to the film, however had she in reality written such a letter – frankly admitting Princess Louise Auguste's true parentage – it might have easily fallen into the wrong hands and caused the young princess to be declared a bastard".
|2013||Academy Awards||Best Foreign Language Film||A Royal Affair||Nominated|
|2012||62nd Berlin International Film Festival||Golden Bear||Nikolaj Arcel||Nominated|
|Best Script||Nikolaj Arcel and Rasmus Heisterberg||Won|
|Best Actor||Mikkel Følsgaard||Won|
|2012||Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association Award||Best Foreign Language Film||A Royal Affair||Nominated|
|2012||Satellite Award||Best Foreign Language Film||A Royal Affair||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Manon Rasmussen||Won|
|Best Art Direction and Production Design||Niels Sejer||Nominated|
|2012||Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association Awards||Best Foreign Language Film||A Royal Affair||Nominated|
|2013||Golden Globe Award||Best Foreign Language Film||A Royal Affair||Nominated|
- The Dictator, a 1935 film about the same events
- List of submissions to the 85th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of Danish submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
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- Olsen, Mark (13 December 2012). "Golden Globe nominations 2013: Foreign category flies to France". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
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- 2012 to 2022 Danish kroner calculated with "Value of 2012 Danish Kroner today". Inflation Calculator. Hereafter converted to USD with "Valutakurser". Euroinvestor (in Danish). Retrieved 28 May 2022.
- "En kongelig affære". Nationalfilmografien (in Danish). Danish Film Institute. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- "A Royal Affair (2012)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
- "A Royal Affair". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
- "A Royal Affair". Metacritic. CBS. Retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Dr. Alfred G. Brown "The Inevitable Discrepancies Between History And Historical Fiction" in Nathaniel Gordon (ed.)"How We Perceive The Past — A View And Review"
- "Prizes of the International Jury 2012". Berlinale. 19 February 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2012.