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Summer Carnival in Rotterdam

The term Afro European or Afro-European refers to Europeans who trace at least part of their ancestry to Sub-Saharan Africa, or former European colonies in Africa in general.

The concept of "Afro-Europeans" is used on the model of African Americans by associations and movements militating in favor of equal opportunities for black and mixed-race people from overseas territories and Europe.

Black Europeans are a relatively small visible minority group, and today they generally enjoy high levels of social integration, assimilation, and belonging in Western Europe despite past histories of colonization and discrimination. Interracial couples among black Europeans are common and some black Europeans have gone to serve as government officials and ministers.

European Union[edit]

In the European Union there is a record of 15 million people of African or Afro-Caribbean descent, comprising over 2.5% of the total population. The countries with the largest African population in Europe are:

Country Population Comments / source
France 3,000,000 5,000,000 most are from former French colonies in Africa, with around 800,000 having roots in the French Caribbean islands (with illegals estimated)
United Kingdom 3,500,000 most have roots in former British colonies in The Caribbean as well as Africa.(with illegals estimated)
Italy 1,200,000 most are migrants both legal and illegal. Also includes some populations with Italian colonial ties. (with illegals estimated)[1]
Belgium 800,000 most have roots in the former Belgian Congo and other French-speaking African countries.(with illegals estimated)
Spain 550,000 most are from Equatorial Guinea and Latin American countries, also includes many contract workers from Africa(with illegals estimated)
Germany 600,000 includes bi-racial children of Black American soldiers from the Cold War, African-Americans with Cold War ties, as well as recent students, professionals, and other immigrants from Africa; excluding MENA population classified as sub-saharan African (with illegals estimated)
Netherlands 900,000 most have roots from former Dutch colonies in the Caribbean.(with illegals estimated)
Portugal 150,000 most have roots from former Portuguese colonies in Africa (with illegals estimated) [2]
Sweden 190,000 consists mostly of recent immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers. (with illegals estimated)
Finland 60,000[3] People with a foreign background from Africa.(with illegals estimated)
Russia 40,000 [4]
Republic of Ireland 70,000 2011 Census
Switzerland 150,000 consists mostly of African people with other European citizens card. Per example as Portuguese, Spanish, French and Italians. (with illegals estimated)

Smaller Afro-European communities can also be found elsewhere in Europe.

More than 1,000,000 sub-Saharan Africans had settled in Europe between 2010 and 2017.[5]

Notable Afro-Europeans[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Cittadini Stranieri in Italia - 2016".
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-20. Retrieved 2015-12-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Russia's Black Community - Society - Russia Now: In-Depth Coverage of Russia News, Russia Politics, Russia Business and More -".
  5. ^ "At Least a Million Sub-Saharan Africans Moved to Europe Since 2010". Pew Research Center. 22 March 2018.


  • Claudy Siar délégué interministériel à l'égalité des chances, Baptême médiatique difficile pour le nouveau délégué interministériel, François-Xavier Guillerm(agence de presse GHM), 1er avril 2011. » [archive], sur Blog France-Antille de François-Xavier Guillerm [archive]