Afro-European

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Summer Carnival in Rotterdam

The term Afro-European, Black European or Afro European refers to Europeans who trace at least part of their ancestry to Sub Saharan Africa, mostly to former colonies.

The concept of "Afro-Europeans" is modeled after African Americans by associations and movements militating in favor of equal opportunities for black and mixed-race people from overseas territories and Europe.

European Union[edit]

In the European Union as of 2018, there is a record of approximately 9.3 million people of Sub Saharan African or Afro-Caribbean descent, comprising around 2% of the total population, with over half located in France. The countries with the largest African population in Europe are:

Country Population Comments / source
France 5,500,000[1] Estimate as the French State does not allow collection of racial or national origin statistics. Most have roots in the former French colonies in Africa, with around 800,000 having roots in the French Caribbean islands
Italy 720,000[2] Estimate making use of current sub-saharan born population (484,058) and approximate progeny born and their descendants based on historical migration and birth statistics
Portugal 600,000[3] Approximated using statistics on foreign born persons to estimate full and partial descendants based on birth statistics. Most have roots from former Portuguese colonies in Africa. There are over 360,000 Sub Saharan born immigrants in Portugal alongside several hundred thousand Brazilian born. [4]
Spain 580,000[5] Approximated using statistics on foreign born persons to estimate full and partial descendants based on birth statistics.There are 270,000 born in Sub Saharan Africa and an additional 200,000 born in African Majority Latin America and Caribbean (Dominican Republic, Haiti etc.). Most are former Spanish colonies in Latin America and Equatorial Guinea, also includes many contract workers from Africa.
Netherlands 550,000[6] Approximated using statistics on foreign born persons to estimate full and partial descendants based on birth statistics. Most have roots from former Dutch colonies in the Caribbean.
Germany 494,000[7] Sub-Saharan Africans and their descendants, alongside any by racial or mixed race of African heritage account for 494,000 people, with Egyptians/Algerians/Moroccans and similar North Africans comprising an additional 442,000.
Belgium 450,000[8] Estimate making use of current sub-saharan born population (188,137) and approximate progeny born and their descendants based on historical migration and birth statistics. Most have roots in the former Belgian colonies of the Congo, Rwanda, and Burundi as well as other French-speaking African countries.
Sweden 301,370[9] Sub-Saharan Africans and their descendants, alongside any by racial or mixed race of African heritage are counted. Consists mostly of recent immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers. Most of them are from Somalia, Eritrea and countries around. Some French and British nationals of African descent can be found in Malmö and Stockholm.
Republic of Ireland 64,639[10] Sub-Saharan Africans and their descendants, alongside any by racial or mixed race of African heritage are counted. 2016 Census is used.
Denmark 52,795[11] Sub-Saharan Africans and their descendants, alongside any by racial or mixed race of African heritage are counted.
Finland 40,000 Estimate making use of current Sub-Saharan born population (28,543) and approximate progeny born and their descendants based on historical migration and birth statistics. There exists a large community of Somalis in Helsinki.
Austria 35,000[12] Estimate making use of current Sub-Saharan born population (30,467) and approximate progeny born and their descendants based on historical migration and birth statistics.

The remaining 15 states of the European Union have fewer than 60,000 individuals of Sub-Saharan African descent altogether.[citation needed] As countries such as Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Romania and Greece have received little to no immigration from Sub Saharan Africa or interaction that would have caused the formation of black or mixed race communities. Black populations, inclusive of descendants, mixed race people, and temporary students, number fewer than 4,000 in each of these states.[citation needed]

The Rest of Europe[edit]

The United Kingdom has approximately 2.5 million black people, inclusive of mixed race, according to the 2011 Census. Switzerland and Norway have 114,000[citation needed] and 115,000 people of Sub-Saharan African descent, respectively; primarily composed of refugees and their descendants, but this is only the numbers for first generation migrants and second generation migrants with two parents from a different country. There are no official numbers in Norway regarding Afro-Norwegians, as Norway does not have census regarding race or ethnicity.[13]

The East Slavic and West Balkan states along with Turkey have negligible populations of Black people, numbering fewer than 40,000 altogether; primarily composed of foreign students from Africa mostly in Universities in Turkey and Russia.[14]

Altogether, from these estimates and statistics there are roughly 12.1 million Black people in Europe, with over two-thirds from the United Kingdom or France.

If North Africans, who are of Berber or Arab ancestry, were to be included, this estimate would double to nearly 22 million.

More than 1,000,000 sub-Saharan Africans had settled in Europe between 2010 and 2017.[15]

Notable Afro-Europeans[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "French Institute of Demographic Studies".
  2. ^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". demo.istat.it. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  3. ^ "Statistics Portugal - Web Portal". www.ine.pt. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-20. Retrieved 2015-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Población (españoles/extranjeros) por País de Nacimiento, sexo y año". INE (in Spanish). Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  6. ^ "CBS Statline". opendata.cbs.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  7. ^ "Population in private households by migrant background in the wider sense and by country of origin, groups of countries". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  8. ^ "Bevolking naar woonplaats, nationaliteit, burgerlijke staat, leeftijd en geslacht | Statbel". statbel.fgov.be. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  9. ^ "PxWeb - välj tabell". www.statistikdatabasen.scb.se. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  10. ^ "Population by Race and Ethnicity Ireland" (PDF).
  11. ^ "StatBank Denmark". www.statbank.dk. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  12. ^ "Eurostat".
  13. ^ "2020-03-09". ssb.no. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  14. ^ "Top 20 countries for international students". the Guardian. 2014-07-17. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  15. ^ "At Least a Million Sub-Saharan Africans Moved to Europe Since 2010". Pew Research Center. 22 March 2018. Archived from the original on 1 March 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2018.

Sources[edit]

  • Claudy Siar délégué interministériel à l'égalité des chances, Baptême médiatique difficile pour le nouveau délégué interministériel, François-Xavier Guillerm(agence de presse GHM), 1er avril 2011. » [archive], sur Blog France-Antille de François-Xavier Guillerm [archive]