Agamede (c. twelfth century BC) was, according to Homer, a Greek physician acquainted with the healing powers of all the plants that grow upon the earth. She was born in Elis, the eldest daughter of Augeas, King of the Epeans, and was married to Mulius, the first man killed in battle by Nestor during a war between Elis and Pylos. Hyginus makes her the mother of Belus, Actor, and Dictys, by Poseidon. She was called Perimede by both Propertius and Theocritus. By the Hellenistic period (c. 4th to 1st centuries BC), Agamede had become a sorceress-figure, much like Circe or Medea.
Agamede was a daughter of Macar, from whom Agamede, a place in Lesbos, was believed to have derived its name. The town had already disappeared in Pliny's day. Ancient Agamede has been identified recently with the ancient ruins on a small hill called “Vounaros” 3 km north of ancient Pyrrha.
- Homer. Iliad, xi. 740.
- Ogilvie, Marilyn; Harvey, Joy (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives from Ancient Times to Mid-20th Century. Routledge. p. 12. ISBN 0-415-92040-X.
- Schmitz, Leonhard (1870). "Agamede (1) and (2)". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston. p. 57.
- Hyginus. Fabulae, 157.
- Propertius. Elegies, 2.4.
- Theocritus. Idylls, 2.10.
- Dickie, Matthew (2004). Magic and Magicians in the Greco-Roman World. Routledge. p. 23. ISBN 0-415-31129-2.
- Stephanus of Byzantium, s.v. Ἀγαμήδη.
- Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia V. xxix
- Cramer, John Anthony (1832). A Geographical and Historical Description of Asia Minor. The University Press. p. 163.
- Harissis H.V et al. article in Greek in Lesviaka, 19;195-212, Mytilene 2002. https://www.academia.edu/1937262/The_discovery_of_ancient_Agamede_near_Pyrrha_on_Lesbos_island_in_Greek_
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Agemede (1), (2)". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
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