All-Ireland Senior Football Championship

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All-Ireland Senior Football Championship
Current season or competition:
2022 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship
All-Ireland Senior Football Championship logo.png
Logo
IrishCraobh Shinsir Peile na hÉireann
CodeGaelic football
Founded1887
RegionIreland (31 teams)
England (1 team)
USA (1 team) (GAA)
TrophySam Maguire Cup
No. of teams33
Title holdersColours of Kerry.svg Kerry (38th title)
Most titlesColours of Kerry.svg Kerry (38 titles)
SponsorsSupervalu
Eir
Allied Irish Bank
TV partner(s)RTÉ, Sky Sports, BBC Northern Ireland,
Eir Sports, Premier Sports,
TG4 [1]
Official websiteGAA

The All-Ireland Senior Football Championship (SFC) (Irish: Craobh Shinsir Peile na hÉireann) is the premier competition in Gaelic football. An annual tournament organised by the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA), it is contested by the county teams in All-Ireland.[2]

The first tournament was held in 1887; it has been held every year since 1889. Each tournament ends with a final, played by the 35th Sunday of the year at Croke Park in Dublin, with the winning team receiving the Sam Maguire Cup.

History[edit]

The first Championship to be held featured club teams who represented their respective counties after their county championship. The 21 a-side final was between Commercials of Limerick and Young Irelands of Louth. The final was played in Beech Hill, Donnybrook (not Bird Avenue) on 29 April 1888 with Commercials winning by 1–4 to 0–3. Unlike later All-Ireland competitions, there were no provincial championships, and the result was an open draw.

The second Championship was unfinished owing to the American Invasion Tour. The 1888 provincial championships had been completed (Tipperary, Kilkenny and Monaghan winning them; no Connacht teams entered) but after the Invasion tour returned, the All-Ireland semi-final and final were not played. English team London reached the final four times in the early years of the competition (1900–1903).

In 1892, inter-county teams were introduced to the All-Ireland Championship. Congress granted permission for the winning club to use players from other clubs in the county, thus the inter-county teams came into being. The rules of hurling and football were also altered: goals were made equal to five points, and teams were reduced from 21 to 17 a-side.

The 1903 Championship brought Kerry's first All-Ireland title. They went on to become the most successful football team in the history of the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship.[3]

Unlike in other European countries, such as neighbouring England, where annual sports events were cancelled during the twentieth century due to the First and Second World Wars, the All-Ireland Championship has been running continuously since 1887, with the final running since 1889 (the 1888 competition was played but no final was held due to the Invasion mentioned above). The competition continued even in spite of the effects on the country of the Civil War and the Second World War (the National Football League was not held during the latter). In 1941, the All-Ireland Championship was disrupted by an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease but the postponed Leinster final were later rescheduled.[4]

The duration of certain championship matches increased from 60 to 80 minutes during the 1970s. They were settled at 70 minutes after five seasons of this in 1975.[5] This applied only to the provincial finals, All-Ireland semi-finals and finals.[6]

The first half of the twentieth century brought the rise of several teams who won two or more All-Ireland titles in that period, such as Kildare, Mayo, Cavan, Wexford and Roscommon. In the 1990s, a significant sea change took place, as the All-Ireland was claimed by an Ulster team in four consecutive years (1991–1994). Since then Ulster has produced more All-Ireland winning teams than any other province.[7]

The All-Ireland Qualifiers were introduced in 2001. Later that year, the 2001 final brought victory for Galway who became the first football team to win an All-Ireland by springing through "the back door." In 2013, Hawk-Eye was introduced for Championship matches at Croke Park.[8] It was first used to confirm that Offaly substitute Peter Cunningham's attempted point had gone wide 10 minutes into the second half of a game against Kildare.[9] 2013 also brought the first Friday night game in the history of the Championship – a first round qualifier between Carlow and Laois.[10]

In recent years further changes have been made to the structure of the championship. In 2018 the Super 8s were introduced, where the four provincial champions and the four-round 4 qualifier winners would be split into two groups of four teams. Each team plays their group rivals once, with the top two teams progressing to the All-Ireland Semi-Finals. In 2022 a two-tier format will be adopted for the championship. Division 3 and 4 teams from the National Football League that fail to reach a provincial final will not proceed to the All-Ireland qualifiers and will instead play in the Tailitean Cup.[11][12]

Teams[edit]

Team Colours Most recent success
All-Ireland Provincial
Antrim Colours of Antrim.svg Saffron and white 1951
Armagh Colours of Armagh.svg Orange and white 2002 2008
Carlow Colours of Carlow.svg Red, green and gold 1944
Cavan Colours of Cavan.svg Royal blue and white 1952 2020
Clare Colours of Clare.svg Saffron and Blue 1992
Cork Colours of Cork.svg Red and white 2010 2012
Derry Colours of Derry.svg Red and white 1993 2022
Donegal Colours of Donegal.svg Gold and green 2012 2019
Down Colours of Down.svg Red and black 1994 1994
Dublin Colours of Dublin.svg Sky blue and navy 2020 2022
Fermanagh Colours of Fermanagh.svg Green and white
Galway Colours of Galway.svg Maroon and white 2001 2022
Kerry Colours of Kerry.svg Green and gold 2022 2022
Kildare Colours of Kildare.svg White 1928 2000
Laois Colours of Laois.svg Blue and white 2003
Leitrim Colours of Leitrim.svg Green and gold 1994
Limerick Colours of Limerick.svg Green and white 1896 1896
London Colours of London.svg Green and white
Longford Colours of Longford.svg Royal blue and gold 1968
Louth Colours of Louth.svg Red and white 1957 1957
Mayo Colours of Mayo.svg Green and red 1951 2021
Meath Colours of Meath.svg Green and gold 1999 2010
Monaghan Colours of Monaghan.svg White and blue 2015
New York Colors of New York.svg Red, white and blue
Offaly Colours of Offaly.svg White, green and gold 1982 1997
Roscommon Colours of Roscommon.svg Primrose and blue 1944 2019
Sligo Colours of Sligo.svg Black and white 2007
Tipperary Colours of Tipperary.svg Blue and gold 1920 2020
Tyrone Colours of Tyrone.svg White and Red 2021 2021
Waterford Colours of Waterford.svg White and blue 1898
Westmeath Colours of Westmeath.svg Maroon and white 2004
Wexford Colours of Wexford.svg Purple and gold 1918 1945
Wicklow Colours of Wicklow.svg Blue and gold

Format[edit]

Fans of Sligo (in black) are visible in the crowd among supporters of Cork, Meath and Tyrone. The introduction of the All-Ireland Qualifiers in 2001 provided weaker counties with opportunities to play big games at Croke Park.

The county is a geographical region in Ireland, and each of the thirty-two counties in Ireland organise their own Gaelic games affairs through a County Board. The county teams play in their respective Provincial Championships (reflective of the four Irish provinces) in Connacht (which also includes teams from London and New York), Leinster, Munster, and Ulster. Kilkenny is currently unique among the 32 Irish county associations in not participating in the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship. The Provincial Championships operate through a knock-out cup competition format.

Historic format (1888–2000)[edit]

For the first All-Ireland championship in 1887, the competition was played on an open draw knockout basis. From 1888, the provincial system was introduced, whereby the counties in each of Ireland's four provinces would play each other on a knockout basis to find provincial champions. These four champions would meet in the All-Ireland semi-finals. The structure outlined above was adopted in 2001 to allow more games to be played, but still retain provincial championships and the knockout structure, resulting in every game continuing to be a meaningful fixture, with no dead-rubber league format matches being played out.

Quarter-finals format (2001–2017)[edit]

From 2001 to 2017, the Championship was played using the Quarter-finals format. Under this format, Provincial matches would take place during the months of May, June and July. The winners of each of the four Provincial Championships would earn a place in the All-Ireland Quarter-Finals, which would take place in the month of August. Replays would be played for all drawn matches, not just drawn Provincial Finals and drawn All-Ireland Finals. Extra-time would only be used for Replays and Qualifier Matches. If the teams were still level after extra time, the qualifier match would go to a replay or in the case of replays, another replay would take place.

The qualifiers series would take place in the months of June and July with the winning four teams of Round 4 playing the four Provincial Champions in the All-Ireland Quarter Finals.

    • All-Ireland Quarter-Finals: The four Provincial Champions would be drawn against the winning four teams from Round 4 of the All-Ireland Qualifiers. If a match finished with both teams level, a replay would take place. The four winning teams qualify for the All-Ireland Semi-Finals.
    • All-Ireland Semi-Finals: The All-Ireland Semi-Finals would take place in August and be contested by the four winners of the All-Ireland Quarter Finals. If a match ended with both teams level, a replay would take place. The two winning teams qualify for the All-Ireland Final.
    • All-Ireland Final: The two remaining teams would meet in the All-Ireland Final, usually on the third Sunday in September. The winning team is crowned All-Ireland Champions.[13]

Single-tier championship format (2018–2019)[edit]

This championship was identical to the format above, though with no second-tier championship all teams who failed to win their provincial final were eligible to play in the qualifiers. The qualifiers took place over four rounds rather than two, and the four winners of the fourth round proceeded to the All-Ireland Super 8s. As in the format above, the further a team progressed in their provincial championships the later the round they entered the qualifiers. The All-Ireland Super 8s were a round-robin group stage, featuring four teams placed into two groups. The two-highest ranked teams from each group were drawn into an All-Ireland Semi-Final, which was followed by the All-Ireland Final.[14]

Return to single-elimination format (2020–2022)[edit]

Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 and 2021 championships returned to the historic single-elimination format. Teams that were eliminated in their provincial championships did not access the qualifiers, which were cancelled, and the "Super 8's" were removed in favour of a straight-knockout semi-final and final.

Integration with the league and Tailteann Cup (2023 onwards)[edit]

In 2023 the format of the championship will again be altered. Under this system, approved at a Special Congress of the GAA in February 2022, the results in the National Football League (held in January through to March of each year) will have an impact on a counties progression in the championship. After the conclusion of the four provincial championships, whose structures remain unaltered, there will be a round-robin competition for 16 teams, split evenly into four. The groups will be made up of the four provincial champions and four runners-up, joined by a further eight teams based on their overall ranking from the league. The four group winners will automatically qualify for the All-Ireland Quarter Finals, and the four remaining spots in the quarter-finals are determined by playoff-matches between the second and third placed teams. The quarter finals, semi finals and final are then played under the traditional single-elimination format. Furthermore, the 16 teams that fail to qualify for the round-robin stage will compete in the second-tier Tailteann Cup, which is also played via round-robin groups and single-elimination finals.[15][16]

All-Ireland finals[edit]

Croke Park kitted out in the green and red of Mayo fans at the 2004 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final.

Typically, over the four Sundays of September, All-Ireland Finals in men's football, ladies football, hurling and camogie take place at Croke Park, the national stadium of the GAA. Two grades are played on each final day, the senior team and the minor team (consisting of younger players, under the age of 18, who have participated in that year's All-Ireland Minor Football Championship). Guests who attend these events include the President of Ireland, the Taoiseach and other important dignitaries. The football final is considered the pinnacle event of this period.

The final game of the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship takes place on the third Sunday of September. The men's decider regularly attracts crowds of over 80,000. The winning team captain receives the Sam Maguire Cup. The current champions are Tyrone.

Due to COVID-19 and the related State restrictions, the 2020 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final was staged on Saturday, 19 December, two weeks after the semi-finals.

For the first time since 2000, the football championship was a sudden-death scenario, while the hurling championship – completed on Sunday, 13 December – contained a backdoor format.

Venues[edit]

Dublin Thurles Limerick Killarney
Croke Park Semple Stadium Gaelic Grounds Fitzgerald Stadium
53°21′38.70″N 6°15′4.80″W / 53.3607500°N 6.2513333°W / 53.3607500; -6.2513333 52°40′55.91″N 7°49′30.40″W / 52.6821972°N 7.8251111°W / 52.6821972; -7.8251111 52°40′12.50″N 8°39′15.10″W / 52.6701389°N 8.6541944°W / 52.6701389; -8.6541944 52°3′58.75″N 9°30′28.56″W / 52.0663194°N 9.5079333°W / 52.0663194; -9.5079333
Capacity: 82,300 Capacity: 45,690 Capacity: 44,023 Capacity: 38,000
Croke park hogan stand.jpg Semple1.jpg FitzGeraldStadium.jpg
Castlebar Clones
MacHale Park St Tiernach's Park
53°51′13.92″N 9°17′3.93″W / 53.8538667°N 9.2844250°W / 53.8538667; -9.2844250 54°11′8.04″N 7°13′57.86″W / 54.1855667°N 7.2327389°W / 54.1855667; -7.2327389
Capacity: 25,369 Capacity: 29,000
MacHale Park, Castlebar, Ireland, November 2016.jpg Clones 010.jpg
Galway Cork Kilkenny Cavan
53°15′47.92″N 9°5′2.98″W / 53.2633111°N 9.0841611°W / 53.2633111; -9.0841611 51°53′59.10″N 8°26′6.15″W / 51.8997500°N 8.4350417°W / 51.8997500; -8.4350417 52°39′23.03″N 7°14′22.85″W / 52.6563972°N 7.2396806°W / 52.6563972; -7.2396806 53°58′54.54″N 7°21′33.38″W / 53.9818167°N 7.3592722°W / 53.9818167; -7.3592722
Pearse Stadium Páirc Uí Chaoimh Nowlan Park Breffni Park
Capacity: 26,197 Capacity: 45,000 Capacity: 27,000 Capacity: 25,030
Pearse Park.jpg Páirc Uí Chaoimh.jpg Nowlan Park - geograph.org.uk - 555264 (cropped).jpg

Records and statistics[edit]

Roll of Honour[edit]

Performances in the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship by county
County Title(s) Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
Colours of Kerry.svg Kerry 38 23 1903, 1904, 1909, 1913, 1914, 1924, 1926, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1937, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1946, 1953, 1955, 1959, 1962, 1969, 1970, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2014, 2022 1892, 1905, 1910, 1915, 1923, 1927, 1938, 1944, 1947, 1954, 1960, 1964, 1965, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1982, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2011, 2015, 2019
Colours of Dublin.svg Dublin 30 13 1891, 1892, 1894, 1897, 1898, 1899, 1901, 1902, 1906, 1907, 1908, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1942, 1958, 1963, 1974, 1976, 1977, 1983, 1995, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 1896, 1904, 1920, 1924, 1934, 1955, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1984, 1985, 1992, 1994
Colours of Galway.svg Galway 9 14 1925, 1934, 1938, 1956, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1998, 2001 1919, 1922, 1933, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1959, 1963, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1983, 2000, 2022
Colours of Cork.svg Cork 7 16 1890, 1911, 1945, 1973, 1989, 1990, 2010 1891, 1893, 1894, 1897, 1899, 1906, 1907, 1956, 1957, 1967, 1987, 1988, 1993, 1999, 2007, 2009
Colours of Meath.svg Meath 7 9 1949, 1954, 1967, 1987, 1988, 1996, 1999 1895, 1939, 1951, 1952, 1966, 1970, 1990, 1991, 2001
Colours of Cavan.svg Cavan 5 6 1933, 1935, 1947, 1948, 1952 1925, 1928, 1937, 1943, 1945, 1949
Colours of Wexford.svg Wexford 5 3 1893, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 1890, 1913, 1914
Colours of Down.svg Down 5 1 1960, 1961, 1968, 1991, 1994 2010
Colours of Kildare.svg Kildare 4 5 1905, 1919, 1927, 1928 1926, 1929, 1931, 1935, 1998
Colours of Tyrone.svg Tyrone 4 3 2003, 2005, 2008, 2021 1986, 1995, 2018
Colours of Tipperary.svg Tipperary 4 1 1889, 1895, 1900, 1920 1918
Colours of Mayo.svg Mayo 3 15 1936, 1950, 1951 1916, 1921, 1932, 1948, 1989, 1996, 1997, 2004, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2016, 2017, 2020, 2021
Colours of Offaly.svg Offaly 3 3 1971, 1972, 1982 1961, 1969, 1981
Colours of Louth.svg Louth 3 3 1910, 1912, 1957 1887, 1909, 1950
Colours of Roscommon.svg Roscommon 2 3 1943, 1944 1946, 1962, 1980
Colours of Donegal.svg Donegal 2 1 1992, 2012 2014
Colours of Limerick.svg Limerick 2 0 1887, 1896
Colours of Armagh.svgArmagh 1 3 2002 1953, 1977, 2003
Colours of Cork.svg Derry 1 1 1993 1958
Colours of London.svg London[a] 0 5 1900, 1901, 1902, 1903, 1908
Colours of Laois.svg Laois 0 2 1889, 1936
Colours of Antrim.svg Antrim 0 2 1911, 1912
Colours of Waterford.svg Waterford 0 1 1898
Colours of Clare.svg Clare 0 1 1917
Colours of Waterford.svg Monaghan 0 1 1930

a. ^ London received a bye to the final in five seasons.

Although Wexford were the first county to win four consecutive All-Ireland Senior Football Finals (1915–18), historically Kerry has been the most successful football team in the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship. As of 2022, Kerry has won the competition on 38 occasions, winning in four consecutive years twice (1929–1932 and 1978–1981) and for three consecutive years twice as well (1939–1941 and 1984–1986). Dublin follows Kerry on the competition roll of honour with 30 wins, although up to the 1950s much of the success of Dublin teams was based on teams who had many non-Dublin born players playing.[17][18]

Dublin has joined the four in a row club winning the competition consecutively since 2014. As of 2019, Dublin became the first team to win the competition five times in a row. And in 2020, Dublin won a sixth consecutive title. Galway were the first team from the western province of Connacht to win an All-Ireland title, doing so in 1925. The 1933 final brought victory for Cavan, who became the first team from the northern province of Ulster to win an All-Ireland title.

Two teams have won the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship as part of a double with that year's All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, namely Cork (1890 and 1990) and Tipperary (1895 and 1900). The championship has never been won by a team from outside Ireland, though London have played in five finals.

Kerry are the reigning champions, winning their thirty-eighth title, having defeated Galway in the 2022 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "From Sam Maguire to Dr Maguire – St Eunan's and Naomh Conaill do battle in County Final". Donegal Daily. 4 November 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2012. A huge crowd is expected at MacCumhaill Park at a time when Gaelic games in the county have never had a higher profile. Nothing beats being there, as the GAA slogan goes, but for the neutrals who can't be in Ballybofey, the game is live on TG4 from throw-in at 4pm.
  2. ^ "The Newest All Ireland Minor Football Final Information". dailyhottrends.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "GAA Roll of Honour". Archived from the original on 11 August 2013.
  4. ^ Moran, Seán (11 September 2019). "Remembering when Kerry kicked ahead of Dublin 78 years ago: This year will be only the third replay between the counties, and the first in Croke Park". The Irish Times. Retrieved 11 September 2019. Dublin... hadn't won Leinster for seven years and didn't go into the All-Ireland semi-final as provincial champions – they were nominated by the province because of the foot-and-mouth outbreak that year, which caused the Leinster final against Carlow to be postponed until November. Postscript: Dublin won by 4–6 to 1–4... By this stage [the 1930s] the tendency to spread the [All-Ireland] semi-finals around the country was dying, and the 1941 replay in Tralee would be the last played outside Croke Park until 1983, when Dublin memorably went to Páirc Uí Chaoimh to take on Cork in an All-Ireland semi-final replay.
  5. ^ Breheny, Martin. "The Final Verdict: The Greatest of my Lifetime" in Martin Breheny's Greatest All-Ireland Finals. Irish Independent. 1 September 2018, p. 2.
  6. ^ Moran, Seán (11 September 2019). "Will time be on Dublin's side once more?". The Irish Times. Retrieved 11 September 2019. Another issue touched on by John O'Keeffe in his interview was the strange decision to extend senior championship provincial finals, All-Ireland semi-finals and finals to 80 minutes – which was an extra third on the previous duration of an hour. Curiously, it made little difference to the outcome of matches. Of the five finals plus 1972 replay played over 80 minutes – the length of a match was settled at 70 minutes from 1975 onwards – only the 1971 Offaly-Galway result would have been affected. Had it been played over an hour, it would have ended in a draw instead of Offaly's first All-Ireland triumph.
  7. ^ Moran, Seán (26 May 2013). "Donegal hoping to avoid being fifth All-Ireland champions in 20 years to fall at first hurdle in Ulster: Uneasy lies the head that wears the northern crown". The Irish Times. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
  8. ^ "GAA hopes Hawk-Eye will eliminate contentious points". RTÉ Sport. 15 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
  9. ^ "Hawkeye makes successful debut". Hogan Stand. 2 June 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Qualifiers include first ever Friday night game". RTÉ Sport. 17 June 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013. Carlow will play Laois on 28 June in Dr Cullen Park, the first time a Championship game will take place on a Friday night.
  11. ^ "Two tier Football Championship format to be introduced". GAA.ie. 19 October 2019.
  12. ^ "GAA Special Congress 2019: The motions explained". GAA.ie. 19 October 2019.
  13. ^ GAA Archived 26 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "'Super 8' system to replace Senior Football Championship quarter-finals after GAA vote". RTÉ Sport. 25 February 2017.
  15. ^ "All-Ireland football championship to be revamped in 2023 as Green Proposal passes Congress". the42.ie. 26 February 2022.
  16. ^ "New All Ireland SFC format to be adopted". gaa.ie. 26 February 2022.
  17. ^ "Dublin became a football force after the team went 'only Dubs need apply'". The independent. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  18. ^ "Captain's log: the voyage that foundered before Dublin discovered route forward". irishtimes.com. Retrieved 30 June 2021.

External links[edit]