Amur Bridge Project

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The Amur Bridge Project (also known as the Tongjiang rail bridge or Tongjiang-Nizhneleninskoye railway bridge) is an international Sino-Russian railroad bridge under construction. The bridge will link Nizhneleninskoye (in Russian: Нижнеленинское) in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast with Tongjiang (in Chinese: 同江) in Heilongjiang Province. The cross-border railroad bridge will be 2.2 km long, but its corresponding track infrastructure will be 19.9 km long and is projected to cost $355 million.[1] The bridge was expected to open in summer 2018, to transport more than 3 million metric tons of cargo and 1.5 million passengers per year.[2]

Along with this railroad bridge, China and Russia agreed to construct a 2-lane highway bridge over the Amur River to link the "twin" trading cities of Blagoveshchensk and Heihe. Ceremonial ground-breaking for this bridge was held on 24 December 2016, and it is expected to open in October 2019. The highway bridge will run east-west over the Amur, below the confluence of the Zeya River. The structure of the bridge was completed in early 2019.

Projected uses[edit]

A major use of the bridge will be to transport iron ore from the Kimkan open-pit mine in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast that is owned by IRC Limited, which is partly owned by Petropavlovsk plc.[3][4] Petropavlovsk plc will participate in financing the bridge's construction.[3]


The bridge was first proposed in 2007 by Valery Solomonovich Gurevich, the vice-chairman of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.[5] Gurevich said that the proposal to construct a bridge across the river was first suggested by the Russian side, in view of growing cargo transportation demands.

In 2013, the transport ministries of Russia and China signed a general construction agreement.[6] During President Putin's visit to China in May 2014, another agreement about the construction of the bridge was signed by Russian and Chinese officials.[7] In September 2014, Russia and China founded a joint company which will control the process of building the bridge.[8]

In November 2014, the local Russian media reported that a significant amount of the construction work had been carried out on the Chinese part of the bridge, but hardly anything had been done on the Russian part.[9]

By July 2016, the Chinese portion of the bridge was finished but work had not started on the much shorter Russian portion.[10]

In December 2016, work began on the Russian portion of the bridge.[1] Completion of structural link between the two sides of the bridge was completed in March 2019.[11][12]


The bridge was designed by Russia's Giprostroymost institute, satisfying both Russian and Chinese standards. The main structure over the Amur River runs north-south and will consist of twenty (20) 110-meter steel through-truss spans. The bridge will have both a standard gauge (1435 mm) track and a Russian gauge (1520 mm) track. However, the two tracks will be offset by only 800 mm, so that only one track can be used at any given time.[13]


  1. ^ a b "Russia, China launch construction of bridge across Amur river". Russia Today. December 25, 2016.
  2. ^ "Work Starts On First China-Russia Highway Bridge". Radio Free Europe. December 25, 2016.
  3. ^ a b ANDREW E. KRAMER (June 9, 2010), "China's Hunger Fuels Exports in Remote Russia", The New York Times
  4. ^ "UPDATE 2-Shares of Petropavlovsk's IRC slump in Hong Kong debut". Reuters. Oct 21, 2010.
  5. ^ "China-Russia Trade to Top US$40b". China Daily. 2007-06-18. Retrieved 2008-08-14.
  6. ^ "Строительство первого железнодорожного моста соединяющего Китай и Россию начнется в 2009 году" (Construction of the first railway bridge connecting Russia and China will start in 2009), 2008-11-27. (in Russian)
  7. ^ Мост через Амур между РФ и КНР начнут строить в ближайшие месяцы (Construction of the bridge across the Amur between the RF and the PRC will start within a few months), 2014-05-20
  8. ^ "Russia and China establish company to build a bridge across Amur River" (Press release). TASS. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-02.
  9. ^ Далеко в отрыв ушли от коллег из ЕАО китайские строители ж/д моста Нижнеленинское-Тунцзян (The Chinese builders of the Nizhneleninskoye-Tongjiang railway bridge are far ahead of their colleagues from the Jewish A.O.), 2014-11-05
  10. ^ Andrew Higgins (July 16, 2016). "An Unfinished Bridge, and Partnership, Between Russia and China". The New York Times. Retrieved July 17, 2016.
  11. ^ "Russia Completes Construction of First-Ever Rail Bridge to China",, 21 Mar 2019
  12. ^ "Россия и Китай соединили железнодорожный мост через Амур", (in Russian), 21 Mar 2019
  13. ^ Construction of 2·2 km Amur bridge begins, 14 Mar 2014

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 47°57′N 132°40′E / 47.95°N 132.66°E / 47.95; 132.66