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Anatole Abragam

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Anatole Abragam
Born(1914-12-15)15 December 1914
Died8 June 2011(2011-06-08) (aged 96)
Alma materUniversity of Paris
University of Oxford (Ph.D)
Known forThe Principles of Nuclear Magnetism
AwardsHolweck Medal (1958)
Lorentz Medal (1982)
Matteucci Medal (1992)
Lomonosov Gold Medal (1995)
Scientific career
FieldsNuclear magnetic resonance
Electron paramagnetic resonance
ThesisSome magnetic properties of crystals (Theory) (1950)
Doctoral advisorMaurice Pryce

Anatole Abragam (15 December 1914 – 8 June 2011)[1][2] was a French physicist who wrote The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism[3] and made significant contributions to the field of nuclear magnetic resonance.[4] Originally from Griva, Courland Governorate, Russian Empire, Abragam and his family emigrated to France in 1925.[5][4]


After being educated at the University of Paris, (1933–1936), he served in the Second World War. After the war, he resumed his studies at the École Supérieure d'Électricité and subsequently obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Oxford in 1950 under the supervision of Maurice Pryce.

Career and research[edit]

In 1976, he was made an Honorary Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, Magdalen College, Oxford, and Jesus College, Oxford.[6] From 1960 to 1985, he worked as a professor at the Collège de France.[5][7]

Awards and honors[edit]

Abragam won the Fernand Holweck Medal and Prize in 1958. Abragam was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1974.[8] He was awarded the Lorentz Medal in 1982. He was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1983.[5]

A building in CEA Saclay is named after him; Bâtiment Anatole Abragam.[9]


  • Abragam, Anatole (1961). The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism. Clarendon Press. p. 599. OCLC 242700.
  • Abragam A & Bleaney B. Electron paramagnetic resonance of transition ions. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1970.[10]
  • Abragam, Anatole (1989). Time Reversal, an autobiography [De la physique avant toute chose (title of the Fr. original)]. Oxford University Press. OCLC 18989324.


  1. ^ Archived copy Archived 31 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine (French)
  2. ^ "Décès d'Anatole Abragam". IRAMIS (in French). Retrieved 6 July 2023.
  3. ^ "Abragam, Anatole". Who Was Who in America, 1993–1996, vol. 11. New Providence, N.J.: Marquis Who's Who. 1996. p. 1. ISBN 0837902258.
  4. ^ a b Weisstein, Eric Wolfgang (ed.). "Abragam, Anatole (1914-)". ScienceWorld.
  5. ^ a b c Goldman, Maurice (2017). "Anatole Abragam. 15 December 1914 — 8 June 2011". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 63: 7–21. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2017.0026. ISSN 0080-4606.
  6. ^ "Abragam Anatole - Magdalen College". Archived from the original on 31 May 2010. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  7. ^ "Anatole Abragam - Professeurs honoraires - Chaire européenne - College de France". Archived from the original on 19 October 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2009.
  8. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
  9. ^ Inauguration du bâtiment Abragam SPEC-IPhT
  10. ^ "Electron Paramagnetic Resonance" (PDF). upenn.edu. Retrieved 6 July 2023.

External links[edit]