Anatole Abragam

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Anatole Abragam
Born (1914-12-15)December 15, 1914
Griva, Courland Governorate, Russian Empire
(now Latvia)
Died June 8, 2011(2011-06-08) (aged 96)
Nationality French
Alma mater University of Paris
University of Oxford (Ph.D)
Known for The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism
Awards Lorentz Medal (1982)
Matteucci Medal (1992)
Lomonosov Gold Medal (1995)
Scientific career
Fields Physics
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Thesis Some magnetic properties of crystals (Theory) (1950)
Doctoral advisor Maurice Pryce

Anatole Abragam (December 15, 1914 – June 8, 2011)[1][2] was a French physicist who wrote The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism[3] and made significant contributions to the field of nuclear magnetic resonance.[4] Originally from Griva, Courland Governorate, Russian Empire, Abragam and his family emigrated to France in 1925.[5][6]

Education[edit]

After being educated at the University of Paris, (1933–1936), he served in the Second World War. After the war, he resumed his studies at the École Supérieure d'Électricité and subsequently obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Oxford in 1950 under the supervision of Maurice Pryce.

Career and research[edit]

In 1976, he was made an Honorary Fellow of Merton College, Oxford, Magdalen College, Oxford, and Jesus College, Oxford.[7] From 1960 to 1985, he worked as a professor at the Collège de France.[5][8]

Awards and honours[edit]

He was awarded the Lorentz Medal in 1982. Abragam was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1974.[9] He was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1983.[5]

Publications[edit]

  • Abragam, Anatole (1961). The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism. Clarendon Press. p. 599. OCLC 242700. 
  • Abragam A & Bleaney B. Electron paramagnetic resonance of transition ions. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1970.[10]
  • Abragam, Anatole (1989). Time Reversal, an autobiography [De la physique avant toute chose (title of the Fr. original)]. Oxford University Press. OCLC 18989324. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://triangledelaphysique.fr/code_6nfp4c89vh (French)
  2. ^ http://iramis.cea.fr/Phocea/Vie_des_labos/News/index.php?id_news=4524 (French)
  3. ^ "Abragam, Anatole". Who Was Who in America, 1993–1996, vol. 11. New Providence, N.J.: Marquis Who's Who. 1996. p. 1. ISBN 0837902258. 
  4. ^ http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/Abragam.html
  5. ^ a b c Goldman, Maurice (2017). "Anatole Abragam. 15 December 1914 — 8 June 2011". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2017.0026. ISSN 0080-4606. 
  6. ^ Weisstein, Eric Wolfgang (ed.). "Abragam, Anatole (1914-)". ScienceWorld. 
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-05-31. Retrieved 2010-06-20. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-19. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  9. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 20 March 2011. 
  10. ^ http://www.garfield.library.upenn.edu/classics1992/A1992JA16600001.pdf