Annisquam Harbor Light
|Location||Wigwam Pt., Gloucester, Massachusetts|
|Year first constructed||1801|
|Year first lit||1898|
|Markings / pattern||White with black lantern|
|Focal height||45 feet (14 m)|
|Original lens||5th order Fresnel lens|
|Current lens||7.5 inches (190 mm)|
|Range||W 14 nautical miles (26 km; 16 mi), R 11 nautical miles (20 km; 13 mi)|
|Characteristic||Fl W 7.5s with Red sector|
|Fog signal||19th century: Bell|
1931: Horn, 2 every 60s
|Heritage||place listed on the National Register of Historic Places|
Annisquam Harbor Light Station
|Area||1.3 acres (0.53 ha)|
|MPS||Lighthouses of Massachusetts TR|
|NRHP reference #||87001526 |
|Added to NRHP||June 15, 1987|
Annisquam Harbor Light Station is a historic lighthouse on Wigwam Point in the Annisquam neighborhood of Gloucester, Massachusetts. It can be viewed from nearby Wingaersheek Beach, Gloucester. It lies on the Annisquam River and is one of the four oldest lighthouses to surround the Gloucester peninsula as well as; Eastern Point Light, Ten Pound Island Light, and Thacher Island Light.
The first light station, a 40-foot (12 m) wooden tower, was established in 1801, after Congress gathered $2000 in April for the completion. The original building was 32 feet (9.8 m) tall, made of wood with a light resting 40 feet above the water. The building fell into disrepair and, in 1851, was replaced by an octagonal wooden tower of the same height. The original lighthouse keeper's house was repaired and, with alterations, has remained to this day; its floor plan resembles those at Race Point Light and Straitsmouth Island Light. It is a two-story, gabled roofed, wood-framed building. In 1869, a covered walkway was built between the house and the tower.
In 1897, the current brick lighthouse was built on the same foundation as the previous two constructions. Some time after 1900, the covered walkway, added in 1867, to the keeper's house was replaced by an uncovered wooden footbridge.
In 1931, a foghorn was installed, but until 1949, it was used only from October 15 to May 15 to spare summer residents the noise., but was activated in the summer of 1949 only during day hours. The lighthouse's fourth-order Fresnel lens and foghorn was automated in 1974, and became occupied by the Coast Guard. The fog signal was first removed by the Coast Guard, but after complaints by fishermen and local boaters, it was re-activated and eventually automated as well. In August 2000 Matty Nally and his crew completed the replacement of 3,000 bricks in efforts of restoration.
The interior of the lighthouse is equipped with a circular cast-iron staircase that leads to the top. The lighthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1987, and is one of the oldest lighthouses in Massachusetts.
The original wooden keeper's house from 1801 is still used as a housing for United States Coast Guard personnel who manage the site. In 2000, a major restoration of the tower was conducted by the Coast Guard. In 2008, the building made an appearance, supposedly as a lighthouse in Maine, in the film remake The Women (starring Meg Ryan).
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Gloucester, Massachusetts
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts
- Light List, Volume I, Atlantic Coast, St. Croix River, Maine to Shrewsbury River, New Jersey (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2009. p. 79.
- "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Massachusetts". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
- Rowlett, Russ (2009-12-14). "Lighthouses of the United States: Northern Massachusetts". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "New England Lighthouses". New England Lighthouses. Archived from the original on 2016-03-08. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
- "New England Lighthouses". New England Lighthouses.
- "New England Lighthoues".
- Jeremy D'Entremont: Annisquam Light. New England Lighthouses: A Virtual Guide. (retrieved 23 October 2008)
- "New England Lighthouses".