Plymouth Light

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Plymouth Light
Plymouth Light, or Gurnet Light 2008.jpg
Plymouth Light is located in Massachusetts
Plymouth Light
LocationPlymouth, Massachusetts
Coordinates42°0′13.3″N 70°36′2.2″W / 42.003694°N 70.600611°W / 42.003694; -70.600611Coordinates: 42°0′13.3″N 70°36′2.2″W / 42.003694°N 70.600611°W / 42.003694; -70.600611
Year first constructed1768
Year first lit1843 (current structure)
Automated1986
FoundationGranite
ConstructionCedar shingle
Tower shapeOctagonal pyramidal
Markings / patternWhite with black lantern and red roof
Focal height102 feet (31 m)
Original lens4th order Fresnel lens
Current lens3.9 inches (100 mm)
Rangewhite:17 nautical miles (31 km; 20 mi) & red:15 nautical miles (28 km; 17 mi)
CharacteristicFl W (3) 10s with R sector
Fog signalHORN: 2 every 15s
Admiralty numberJ0368
ARLHS numberUSA-251
USCG number1-12545[1][2][3]
Plymouth Light Station
Nearest cityDuxbury, Massachusetts
Arealess than one acre
Built1910
MPSLighthouses of Massachusetts TR (AD)
NRHP reference #77000655[4]
Added to NRHPMarch 08, 1977
Heritageplace listed on the National Register of Historic Places Edit this on Wikidata

Plymouth Light, also known as Gurnet Light, is a historic lighthouse located on Gurnet Point at the entrance to Plymouth Bay in the town of Plymouth, Massachusetts. The light is accessible only by passing through the town of Duxbury, which lies to the north.[5]

The original lighthouse was built in 1768, burned down and rebuilt in 1801, when the single light became a pair, and rebuilt again in 1842, again as a pair. The light gradually lost importance as Plymouth Harbor silted up and lost most of its traffic. Then, when the Cape Cod Canal opened in 1914, there was a significant increase in vessel traffic past the light. The northeast tower was torn down and the remaining tower upgraded from a sixth order Fresnel lens to one of the fourth order. The fourth order lens is now on display at the Lifesaving Museum in Hull, Massachusetts. The light is the oldest wooden lighthouse in the United States. The light was relocated approximately 140 feet (43 m) to the north in December 1998 because of beach erosion.[3] The property and the Duxbury Pier Light, in open water 2.3 nmi (4.3 km; 2.6 mi) to the SW are both managed by Project Gurnet and Bug Lights, Inc.[6]

The actual light is 102 feet (31 m) above Mean High Water. Its white light is visible for 17 nautical miles (31 km; 20 mi); its red sector, which covers Mary Ann Rocks, is visible 15 nautical miles (28 km; 17 mi).

Plymouth Light was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Plymouth Light Station on March 8, 1977.[4]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Massachusetts". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 2009-09-06.
  2. ^ United States Coast Guard (2009). Light List, Volume I, Atlantic Coast, St. Croix River, Maine to Shrewsbury River, New Jersey. p. 104.
  3. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ (2009-09-06). "Lighthouses of the United States: Northern Massachusetts". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  4. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  5. ^ National Park Service: Inventory listing for PLYMOUTH (GURNET) LIGHT
  6. ^ Project Gurnet and Bug Lights, Inc. (2009-09-06). "Keep the Lights Burning".