Anoura

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Anoura
Intro wide polls intro vertebrate species 3.jpg
Anoura geoffroyi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Phyllostomidae
Genus: Anoura
Gray, 1838
Species

Anoura aequatoris
Anoura cadenai
Anoura carishina
Anoura caudifera
Anoura cultrata
Anoura fistulata
Anoura geoffroyi
Anoura latidens
Anoura luismanueli
Anoura peruana

Anoura is a genus of leaf-nosed bats from Central and South America.[1]

Note that Anoura, the bat genus, should not be confused with neither 'Anura', an order of amphibians, nor 'Anoures', the original spelling of this order.

Species[edit]

  • Anoura aequatoris– While a 2006 morphological study suggested elevating Anoura caudifera aequatoris to species level,[2] this conclusion has been challenged.
    Some believe that it is not distinct enough to warrant separation from A. caudifera, and that further analysis is needed.[3] A 2008 study challenged that elevating it to a species overstated the amount of diversity within the genus, and that it should remain a subspecies.[4] It has not been assessed as a species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.[5] The status of this taxa is still in dispute.
  • Cadena's tailless bat, A. cadenai– The same 2006 study as above split A. cadenai away from A. caudifer.[2] Again, this taxa has not yet been assessed by the IUCN. It was challenged by the same 2008 study based on the overall small sample size of the 2006 study, and the small morphological differences between A. caudifer and A. cadenai.[4] A. caudifer has subsequently been considered monotypic by others, disregarding A. cadenai.[6] The status of this taxa is still in dispute.
  • Anoura carishina– This taxa was named and described in 2010 based on morphology, and differentiated a species that had previously been described as Anoura geoffroyi.[7] The IUCN has not assessed this taxa. Principal component analysis of A. carishina and A. geoffroyi have produced conflicting results on whether they describe the same species.[8] Using mixture models, another kind of analysis method, shows that A. carishina and A. geoffroyi are indistinguishable.[3] The status of this taxa is still in dispute.
  • Tailed tailless bat, A. caudifer
  • Handley's tailless bat, A. cultrata
  • Tube-lipped nectar bat, A. fistulata
  • Geoffroy's tailless bat, A. geoffroyi
  • Broad-toothed tailless bat, A. latidens
  • Luis Manuel's tailless bat, A. luismanueli
  • Anoura peruana

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simmons, Nancy B. (2005), "Chiroptera", in Wilson, Don E.; Reeder, DeeAnn M., Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 312–529, ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0, retrieved 13 September 2009 
  2. ^ a b Mantilla-Meluk, H., & Baker, R. J. (2006). Systematics of small Anoura (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from Colombia, with description of a new species. Museum of Texas Tech University.
  3. ^ a b Calderón-Acevedo, C. A., & Muchhala, N. C. Species limits in the Neotropical Bat Genus Anoura Gray. Group, 40, 50.
  4. ^ a b Jarrín-V, P., & Kunz, T. H. (2008). Taxonomic history of the genus Anoura (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) with insights into the challenges of morphological species delimitation. Acta Chiropterologica, 10(2), 257-269.
  5. ^ Solari, S. 2016. Anoura caudifer. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T88108473A88185102. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T88108473A88185102.en. Downloaded on 12 May 2017.
  6. ^ Smith (2012). "Lesser Tailless Bat" (PDF). Mammals of Paraguay. 43. Retrieved May 11, 2017. 
  7. ^ Mantilla-Meluk, H., & Baker, R. J. (2010). New species of Anoura (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae) from Colombia, with systematic remarks and notes on the distribution of the A. geoffroyi complex. Museum of Texas Tech University.
  8. ^ Mantilla-Meluk, H., Siles, L., & Aguirre, L. F. (2014). Geographic and ecological amplitude in the nectarivorous bat Anoura fistulata (Pyhllostomidae: Glossophaginae). Caldasia, 36(2), 373-388.

External links[edit]

"Anoura". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 7 December 2006.