Aratathomas's yellow-shouldered bat
|Aratathomas's yellow-shouldered bat|
Peterson & Tamsitt, 1968
Taxonomy and etymology
It was described as a new species in 1968. The first documentation of the species, however, had occurred almost 100 years prior in 1874. The authors received the specimens from Andrew Arata and Maurice Thomas—the species name "aratathomasi" is a portmanteau of their respective last names.
In 1987, this species was called one of the largest frugivorous New World bat species, as well as the largest member of its genus (Sturnira has been expanded since then, though). Individuals weigh 46.8–53 g (1.65–1.87 oz). Its fur is dark gray in color. Its dental formula is 22.214.171.124 for a total of 32 teeth.
Biology and ecology
Its diet likely consists of fruit, pollen, and nectar.
Range and habitat
As of 2016, it is evaluated as a least-concern species by the IUCN. It meets the qualifications for this category because it has a wide geographic range and does not appear to be in rapid decline. It is threatened by agricultural conversion to grow opium poppies.
- Pacheco, V. (2016). "Sturnira aratathomasi". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T20949A22052176. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T20949A22052176.en. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Peterson, R. L.; Tamsitt, J. R. (1968). "A New Series of Bat of the Genus Sturnira:(Family Phyllostomatidae) from Northwestern South America". Royal Ontario Museum (12): 1–7.
- Soriano, Pascual J; Molinari, Jesus (1987). "Sturnira aratathomasi". Mammalian Species (284): 1. doi:10.2307/3504032. JSTOR 3504032.