Gnome fruit-eating bat

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Gnome fruit-eating bat
Naturalis Biodiversity Center - RMNH.MAM.26832.a dor - Artibeus gnomus - skull.jpeg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Phyllostomidae
Genus: Dermanura
Species:
D. gnoma
Binomial name
Dermanura gnoma
Handley, 1987
Artibeus gnomus map.svg

The gnome fruit-eating bat (Dermanura gnoma) is a bat species from South America. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela. This species was originally discovered to be different from the other known species of fruit bats, but later, in 1994 were mistakenly grouped under Artibeus cinereus as a synonym.[2] However, this has since been corrected by more closely studying their physical differences and by biomolecular analysis.[3][4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Solari, S. (2015). "Dermanura gnoma". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T2129A97207684. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T2129A21997242.en.
  2. ^ Koopman, K.F. (1994). Chiroptera: systematics. Handbook of zoology: a natural history of the phyla of the animal kingdom VIII. New York, USA: Walter de Gruyter.
  3. ^ Solari, S.; Hoofer, SR.; Larsen, P.A.; Brown, A.D.; Bull, R.J.; Guerrero, J.A.; Ortega, J.; Carrera, J.P.; Bradley, R.D. & Baker, R.J. (2009). "Operational criteria for genetically defined species: analysis of the diversification of the small fruit-eating bats". Dermanura (Phyllostomidae: Stenodermatinae). Acta Chiropterologica. 11 (2): 279–288. doi:10.3161/150811009X485521.
  4. ^ Simmons, N.B. (2005). Mammal Species of the World. Baltimore, MD, USA.: The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 312–529.
  5. ^ Hoofer, S.R.; Solari, S.; Larsen, P.A.; Bradley, R.D. & Baker, R.J. (2008). "Phylogenetics of the fruit-eating bats (Phyllostomidae: Artibeina) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences". Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University. 272: 1–15.