Apedemak, alt Apademak, was a lion-headed warrior god worshiped by the Meroitic peoples inhabiting Nubia. A number of Meroitic temples dedicated to this deity are known from the Butana region: Naqa, Meroe, and Musawwarat es-Sufra, which seems to be his chief cult place. In the temple of Naqa built by the rulers of Meroe Apedemak was depicted as a three-headed leonine god with four arms, and as a snake with a lion head. However, he is usually depicted as a man with a lion head.
Apedemak was a minor deity in the ancient Egyptian religion, being instead a product of the Meroitic culture.
- Claude Traunecker, The Gods of Egypt, Cornell University Press 2001, ISBN 0-8014-3834-9, p.106
- Žabkar, Louis V. Apedemak, Lion-God of Meroe: A Study in Egyptian-Meroitic Syncretism. Aris and Phillips, 1975.
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