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An image of Mandulis from the Temple of Kalabsha in Nubia

The Temple of Kalabsha in Nubia was dedicated to Mandulis which was a Nubian form of Horus.[1] A cult dedicated to Mandulis can also be found in Egypt, at Philae.

Mandulis was often depicted wearing an elaborate headdress of ram's horns, cobras and plumes surmounted by sun discs.[2] He was sometimes shown in the form of a hawk, but wearing a human head.[3]


  1. ^ Lorna Oakes, Pyramids, Temples and Tombs of Ancient Egypt: An Illustrated Atlas of the Land of the Pharaohs, Hermes House:Anness Publishing Ltd, 2003. p.209
  2. ^ Oakes, p.209
  3. ^ Oakes, p.209

Further reading[edit]

  • Nock, Arthur Darby (January 1934). "A Vision of Mandulis Aion". The Harvard Theological Review. 27 (1): 53–104. JSTOR 1508171.